March 20, 2017

Lake View in a Nutshell

An Overview
This blog has 80 topical posts. Treat this blog as a public library like any library these posts are like a stack of shelves full of books to be used & reused when needed 
Broadway near Grace/Halsted - Lake View Patch 
An artist's rendition Moore Chicago Art
2016 photo from a helicopter - Bobby Blinner 
via Pictures of Chicago-Facebook

From the Belmont L - Lake View Patch 
Chicagoland-Facebook
Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
along Clark Street
Chris Cullen via Pictures of Chicago-Facebook 2016
2017 photo - Chris Cullen of Oakdale Avenue
Raymond Kunst - Fine Art Photography
Raymond Kunst - Fine Art Photography

Chris Cullen via Pictures of Chicago-Facebook 
Raymond Kunst - Fine Art Photography
Emanuel Torres 
Raymond Kunst - Fine Art Photography
along Paulina Avenue
Carina Sawaya, Pictures of Chicago-Facebook
It Began as a Township 
within Cook County

 Townships within Cook County
image - Illinois Genealogy Trails
 The North/West/South areas were originally townships 
that the city would annex during early 1800's. Read a great article from WBEZ's Curious City on the fight not to be annex by the City of Chicago.
Some Definitions & Background
township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to, and geographic divisions of, a county (Cook for us) within a state. 
The specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide with one another. The U.S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships (called "towns" in New England, New York and Wisconsin) as minor civil divisions. When reading articles in my blog posts notice that 'town' refers to the word 'township' by the newspaper.
A township governmental functions are generally attended to by an elected governing board (the name varies from state to state) and a clerk or trustee. Township officers frequently include the justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor, constable, and surveyor of land.
townships of 1862
W.L Flower Map
Library of Congress
By law, State of Illinois townships are charged with three basic responsibilities:
1) general assistance for the indigent or poor
2) the assessment of real property for the basis of local taxation
3) maintenance of all roads and bridges outside federal, state, and other local jurisdiction such as a city in Illinois that has 'home rule' status.
Beyond the three mandated services township government provides other vital services. This may include senior citizens programs, youth programs, assistance to the disabled, parks and recreational facilities, health services, and cemetery maintenance. Township government can serve its population from the cradle to the grave within the direct authority of their State government.
In the 20th century many townships also added a township administrator or supervisor to their governing board. Today, the township governments maintain over 71,000 miles of roads in Illinois - 53 percent of all roadways prior to 2010.
There is an old adage, 
'Nothing happens in a Vacuum'
"Nothing happens in a vacuum." – meaning nothing happens in and of itself. It's always a sequential process of events that bring things to its' present situation.
 The events in the City of Chicago (as well as in Europe) during the mid to late 19th century allowed the townships north of Chicago to create an identity of its' own. 
The Township of Lake View and the authority before it called Ridgeville Township was of no exception. Emigration from Europe due to the European revolutions of 1848 and unending famines and pandemics along with the aftermath chronic health issues in Chicago particularly the cholera outbreak of 1854. 
It's my opinion that two sequential processes of events occurred in the 19th century in the Chicago area that assisted in the advanced development of Lake View Township. The first was the ill planned location of the first north-side cemetery called Chicago Cemetery and The Great Chicago Fire of 1871.
The failed north-side cemetery once located along the lakefront was due to the human-health issues that were to be discovered during that time period that forced the closure and for development plans for locations that were of 'higher ground' along the old Native American trail along Green Bay Road (Clark Street). Chicago residents traveled to these several cemeteries prior and after the Great Chicago Fire on Sundays to visit their either relocated deceased relatives or new one. Their would stay in roadhouses along the Green Bay route and discovered a new land northern of limits of Chicago - North Avenue. Visit my other blog post about the township cemeteries of Graceland, "Jewish Graceland", Boniface, Wunder, and RoseHill. 
image by Mary Carol Chambers‎ via Forgotten Chicago
Map of Chicago as of 1869:
 Extensions of the City Limits
History of Chicago, Volume II (Chicago: A. T. Andreas, 1885)
Purple: Origanal town, February 11, 1835
Blue: Addition, March 4, 1837
Pink: Addition, February 16, 1847
Green: Addition, February 12,1853
Yellow: Addition, February 13, 1863
Brown: Addition, February 7, 1869
Chicago Fire of 1871
destruction looking north  
towards the original box-sized park
The Great Chicago Fire aftermath created a climate of growth in the existing townships of Cook County outside the City of Chicago - for it allowed houses to be built of just wood and limestone and cemeteries to be located outside the Chicago in the Township of Lake View. 
Chicago in flames October 1871 - Chicago History Museum
Downtown Chicago 
 image - Detroit Publishing
more photos from Mashable
Map showing in blue the extent of the fire towards the Township of Lake View just beyond the Chicago border on Fullerton Avenue - University of Chicago Map 1871
(click to enlarge)
image - Chicago Fire Department
According to an interactive map from Chicago Fire Department the fire crossed into the township north of Fullerton Avenue along Clark Street (Green Bay Road) west a block but no further north then present day Arlington Place.
Harpers Weekly November 1871
In fact, it was reported that only one property was damaged north of Fullerton Avenue (p. 398-9). The property of 
John A. Huck was saved and the fire was stopped by a team of neighbors and police (paid $1000). Sparse surroundings and better climate were other factors that ended the fire from traveling northward. Many refugees of the fire were given shelter north of Fullerton Avenue according to a photo text from the Ravenswood-Lakeview Collection.  One thousand dollars in 1871 would be worth over 19 thousand in 2014. 
This account of the Chicago Fire 
is from the Lake View Saga 1847-1985
image - Hortonville Area School District worksheet
A 1955 recap article
(click to enlarge)
Even events like the Haymarket Riot would cause ripple effects along our lakefront with the construction of the roadway along the lakefront that would allow federal troops from Fort Sheridan in Highwood, Illinois to travel to downtown Chicago to end labor unrest. 
 Chicago's Annexation Map Overview
1837-1929
This map will give the reader a general overview of township annexations along with ...

zoomed image - University of Chicago Digital Collection
This legend is from another annexation map (1911) that highlights the increase of population per annexation of land mass. The largest land increase was in June 1889.
1869 Lincoln Park Plans to Expand North
This University of Chicago digital map (zoomed) shows the plans for the northern segment of Lincoln Park, the park, that had dual representation by the Township of Lake View and City of Chicago as of 1869. The southern border of the township was Fullerton Avenue, at the time. Within this map the road along the lakefront was to be referred to as Lake Shore Drive - the original one. The Lincoln Park Board of Commissioners, the governing entity for it, planned to extend the park space and a roadway north and east (landfill into the lake). 
Lake View Township spanned an estimated 125 square miles and was divided into seven districts. Each district population had to 'power of petition' within their own districts to the township council on issues of concern particularly liquor licenses. The borders of Lake View Township ranged from Devon Avenue to the north, Fullerton Avenue to the south, Western Avenue to the west, and the lake to the east. Due to the expansion of the Lincoln Park (the park) more land was added by landfill to the entire lakefront beginning in the mid 19th century to the mid 20th century.
(click to enlarge)
Township of Lake View 1887
jpeg - Historical MapWorks
Lake View Township - p. 263 was officially established by the State of Illinois by 1857 but not formally organized as a functional governmental entity until 1865. 
The City of Lake View (1887-89) chartered by the State of Illinois in 1887 and was divided into seven wards (former township districts). William Boldenweck was the mayor for two years prior to annexation by the City of Chicago in 1889.
This 1882 article below tells a tale of areas around the City of Chicago that were general known 'suburbs' surrounding Chicago. 
Also, articles I found from the Chicago Public Library newspaper section - Chicago Daily News aka Chicago Tribune would refer to 'town' as 'township'.
(click to enlarge)
page 2
On November 5, 1889 the City of Lake View formerly known before 1887 the Township of Lake View was annexed by the City of Chicago after a June 'referendum' election held by the citizens of the city. The special election pitted the citizens who demanded 'Chicago-like' services, particularly those voters who demanded clean drinking water vs businesses owners, particular salon-owners, who did not want City of Chicago regulations and increases in taxation. That same year the City of Chicago doubled in geographical size annexing southside townships, as well. The following townships were annexed by the City of Chicago: On the north-side was Lake View and Jefferson townships and on the south-side: Hyde Park and Lake townships.
(click to enlarge maps)
1862 map above from David Rumsey Map Collection
edit image - Carli Digital Collections
Notice the subdivision of Pine Grove (Lake View East) 
and Chittenden - later to be known the subdivision of 
Rose Hill and later a cemetery - along with the
 Lake View Hotel, the namesake of the 
neighborhood of Lake View.
A 1872 map of both Chicago & Lake View Township
This 1893 UC collection map still shows the old townships of Lake View and Jefferson that were annex by the City of Chicago in 1889. Complete administrative integration to the City of Chicago would take years to complete. Example, the officials in the new District of Lake View still controlled the water supply from the lakefront. The Township of Lake View who originally built a crib and pumping station for political reasons refused to connect their water supply to the former Township of Jefferson until the City of Chicago step in to resolve it.
The New District within Chicago: 
AFTER THE ANNEXATION
Lake View's New Wards
(click to enlarge)
This 1900 Chicago Daily Tribune article above highlights the 'places of interest' at the time within the new District of Lake View - former township/city. When City of Lake View was annexed the area was divided into two Chicago city wards. 
image - Dream Team Reality
These are official Chicago neighborhoods and communities 
that once was within the 2 x 10 mile Township of Lake View
The State of Lake View
The State of Lake View 1876
The lakeside breezes
The State of Lake View 1889
A month(s) before annexation
The State of Lake View 1931
Places to Shop and Play
The State of Lake View 1957
One hundredth anniversary of Lake View 
as a township, city, District, and neighborhood in Chicago
page 1
 page 2
The State of Lake View 1963
"At least we are not a slum"
(click article to enlarge)
The State of Lake View 1967
Affordable Housing Development
The State of Lake View 1970
A melting pot 
also in 1970
The Latins Battle Urban Renewal
(click article to enlarge)
The State of Lake View 1981
(click article to enlarge)
The Various Communities 
within the Neighborhood of 
image - Lucid Realty
photo - Airphotona
with more other views from John Picken and a link from YouTube, with another link from YouTube, and finally Flickr.
red images= schools
green images=parks
image - 44th ward master plan
photo - Dream Town Reality
This community within Lake View has a vibrant 
neighborhood association
Greenview Avenue photo - Private Tour Chicago
Along with a video
These separate communities span from East Ravenswood Avenue from Clark Street west - Montrose to Irving Park Road. The border of the communities is Ashland Avenue according to Yo Chicago. For more information about Graceland West tap into their neighborhood association site.
South-east Ravenswood is part of the original borders of the old Lake View Township community of Ravenswood. The original borders of old Ravenswood was Clark Street to Western and then Lawrence to Irving Park Road. After the establishment of official 'community areas' or neighborhoods by 1930 old Ravenswood was divided between the neighborhoods of Lake View, North Central, Uptown, and Lincoln Square. As of 2016 it would seem the South-east Ravenswood community does seem to have an association but maybe block clubs. It was a shame Ravenswood did not become a neighborhood of its own - just say'in.
Lake View East
photo - Laurel Delaney
photo - Lake View Chamber of Commerce
this is the coverage area for LVCC
This waterfront area spans north from Diversey Parkway (2800 N) to Irving Park Road (4000 N), and west from Lake Michigan to Halsted Street (800 W). 
This community within the neighborhood of Lake View is the home of the neighborhoods' namesake - The Lake View Hotel (House) that was once located on the original edge of the lakefront on Grace Street. Apparently, the hotel was constructed in 1853 during pre-township days to 1890-ish after the annexation of the City of Lake View by the City of Chicago in 1889. This community within the neighborhood of Lake View is the home of the neighborhoods' namesake - The Lake View Hotel (House) that was once located on the original edge of the lakefront on Grace Street. Apparently, the hotel was constructed in 1853 during pre-township days to 1890-ish after the annexation of the City of Lake View by the City of Chicago in 1889. 
Some History of this Community
Elisha Hundley owned a major portion of the subdivision of Pine Grove until his death by 1874. As shown in the above illustration map he owned property from Cornelia Street to both sides of Grace Street (hotel shown); from the original lakefront to Evanston (Broadway) Avenue. This illustration  is from a 1892 Daily Tribune article highlighting the future of the strip of his lakefront to be called Sheridan Road.
 The first building - photo 1860's? 
The hotel grew in size and popularity

Wrigleyville & Boystown area map
photo - DNAinfo
photo - Southport Corridor News & Events
According to 'Chicago Home' the area spans from Cornelia (3500 N) to Irving Park Rd (4000 N), Clark Street 
to Racine Avenue (1200 W). 
photo - Choose Chicago
It is primarily a strip that routes along Halsted Street (800 W) and its southern border is Belmont Avenue (3200 N), N.Clark to its northern border Grace Street (3800)
Boystown developed from the wake of a small and diverse community called New TownReal estate marketers tried to created a new climate for this area that was once called Lake View East. This was an era of ethnic & social flux from 1968-1984 for this area of Lake View. The geography of this small area was bit confusing sometimes for most residents of the city as well as the neighborhood residents. Basically the border area were Diversey Parkway to the south, Belmont Avenue to the north, Sheffield Avenue or Halsted Street to the west, east to the lakefront. This new area was to mimic Old Town along North Avenue. By the mid 1980's the words 'New Town' had disappear and the name of Lake View East reappeared as a lexicon of communities in Chicago.  Facebook it! 
The Ravenswood Corridor
The corridor includes the properties on both 
East Ravenswood Avenue and West Ravenswood Avenue. The neighborhood of Lake View ends at East Ravenswood Avenue and only as south-side on Montrose Avenue.
 The area within Lake View is 'part and parcel' the community of East Ravenswood mentioned above. It is a separated section due to importance and its' complexity/evolution of a manufacture and residential area. This corridor that spans a number of neighborhoods is part of a TIF that began in 2005 and will expire in 2029.
The entire corridor ranges from Irving Park Road to Bryn Mawr Avenue from Bowmanville to Lake View along the vintage Chicago & Northwestern railroad
image below 
via Central Square Journal
(click to enlarge)

photo - EveryBlock 
This patch of Lake View roughly spans the area east and west by Racine Ave (1200 W) and Ashland Ave (1600 W), and its south and north boundaries 
are Belmont Ave (3200 N) and Grace St (3800 N). 
Some of the shops on Southport 2016
photo - Southport Corridor News & Events
There is a Facebook presence for the area as well.
A Possible New Corridor Planned
by DNAinfo and Curbed Chicago
Sheridan Road Corridor
 to be surrounded by the L station at first

one of several planned developments near the L station ...
rending & article - Curbed Chicago
The Former Community of New Town
but only with a 20 tenure
This area covered most of Lake View East and was to market the area as something new and different like the area known as Old Town - diverse and trendy.
 Editorial about evolution and possible neighborhood renewal - New Town 1971 
This writer/teacher called New Town a concept
 not your typically community 1982
By the mid-1980's the community name 
of New Town was once again replaced by 
its original name of Lake View East 
A Lake View Renewal Begins 1988
2 page article
(click to enlarge)
 page 2
Aerial Views of the Neighborhood 
 Diversey Harbor and southeastern Lake View
1939 photo - Chicago Past
 Western Lake View along the Ravenswood L 
1939 photo - Chicago Past
 northern Lake View looking at the Waveland Golf Course
1939 photo - Chicago Past
Central and Northwest Lake View looking at 
Wrigley Field and Graceland Cemetery
1939 photo - Chicago Past
Civic Associations
of the Lake View Citizens Council
The Nine Neighborhood Associations within Lake View
image - Lake View Citizen's Council
The Chambers of Commerce
(descriptors - 44th ward master plan)

More Images Lake View
2017 photo - Tom McDonald
photo - Chris Cullen Photography
north corner of Halsted & Clark
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
Broadway & Melrose
photo - Chris Cullen Photography
Sheridan el steps
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
855 W Belmont
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
via Judith Geisenheimer Saistone, Pictures of Chicago
former hotel
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
Sheridan Red Line “L”, Irving Park Road, Seminary Ave., & Dakin St. - Alley under the tracks
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
Historical District of Alta Vista
Photography by Chris Cullen
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
Century Mall
photo - Greeta Hootman via Pictures of Chicago-Facebook
once located 4001 N Lincoln Avenue
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
on a wall - Lake View Presbyterian Church Parish House
former Sexauer Garage
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
J.R. Schmidt Photography
'Jewish Graceland'
photo -  Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
photo - Chris Cullen Photography in Wrigleyville
Chris Cullen Photography
Wellington, Southport, Lincoln
The Brundage Building, built 1923, was originally a bank. Lincoln Avenue between School & Roscoe along with the Lake View YMCA building on Marshfield Avenue
Chris Cullen Photography via Pictures of Chicago-Facebook
photo - Southport Corridor News & Events via @thadgs
once a home a grand mansion on Stratford Place
Mike Butland via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
Chicago Harbors-Facebook
photo - Raymond Kunst Fine Art Photography
My Next Project - maybe
photo - Chuck Wolf
You have notice the collection of professional photographs on this page primary from two artists. I would to follow in their foot-steps in a way - but to photograph current Lake View in a " flexible approach, designed for people who want to document and use the LENS method: look, explore, narrate, & summarize. It’s about how to do your own urban diary and define your own personal city." 
I got this idea via Curbed Chicago about urbanist and photographer Chuck Wolfe who published a book called 'Seeing the Better City'.

Post Notes:
Note: Lake View is one of the 77 'community area' in the City of Chicago we commonly refer to as neighborhoods. 
Explore the other community areas with this link.
Note: I have posted almost 80 entries to this blog. You can contact me at lvhistorical@gmail.com if you wish to add to it.
Feel free to comment/question on anything in particular including spelling and grammar errors. I add text and images all the time. Please read my post regarding my sources for this blog called Researcher and Sources. I am sure there are more knowledgeable individuals then me and better writers that can enrich this site. I welcome your insight!

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!