June 09, 2011

Hospitals: Past & Present

Their Evolution Journeys
This post highlight institutions both past and present
A Doctor of Old Lake View
Some General Background
The history of Chicago's hospitals began with an almshouse;  a type of health care facility established by Cook County as part of its responsibility to provide care for indigent or homeless county residents and for sick or needy travelers. This building was located at the corner of Clark and Randolph streets. This public charity operation was established as early as 1835. It did provide medical assistance but such places like this one typically crowded the ill together with the healthy poor, the insane, and persons who were permanently incapacitated. Unlike the Cook County, the City of Chicago had no legal mandate to care for the sick poor, but its charter did charge it with guarding against “pestilential or infectious diseases.” Cholera had hit the area in 1832, and smallpox and scarlet fever were familiar to many years before that time period. By 1843 fear of cholera prompted city officials to build the first institution devoted exclusively to medical care in Chicago, a small wooden structure located on the far northern border of the city. Ironically, it was built on land bought for a cemetery. This first hospital [was a] frame structure the was rebuilt in 1852 at North Avenue and the lakefront was designed to keep victims of contagious disease away from the center of population. 
- Illinois Trails & Encyclopedia of Chicago.
Excerpt from the History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
The text images below each title is from two sources: 
 Illinois Medical Directory of 1910 and 
History of Medicine and Surgery of 1922.
Area Hospitals: Past
1872-1965
postcard dated 1912 - Ebay
Read more about this U.S. hospital in another post
founded in 1882 in the Township of Lake View
This institution was the first hospital dedicated to children. Julia Foster Porter opened the original hospital in 1882 after her 13-year-old son, Maurice, died of rheumatic fever, and she realized there was no hospital in Illinois that
Children's Memorial Hospital
(related to hospital mentioned above)
German-American Hospital
image - Illinois Medical Directory 1910
photo 1909 - Chuckman Collection
this 1894 Sanborn Map highlights 
the hospital along Diversey east of Halsted
1894 map zoomed
Built in 1886 originally located at 817 Diversey Boulevard and then shortly moved to its last location at 741 Diversey Boulevard. This 60 bed private facility mostly served the German American residents in a area. By 1920 this hospital was renamed Chicago General Hospital. This hospital is a by-product of an earlier hospital called The German Hospital of Chicago that was located on Larabee and Grant in 1883 squarely within the City of Chicago, at that time.The hospital was to be later renamed Grant Hospital during the anti-German years of World War I. The link between the two different hospitals was a man named Harry J. Haiselden who once served as a 'practicing resident' at German Hospital of Chicago to be later serve, after a couple of years, as chief surgeon at the German-American Hospital by 1915. 
The German Hospital
(related to the German-American Hospital)
The German Hospital of Chicago
photo - Chicago History in Postcards 

image - Illinois Medical Directory 1910
 German Hospital of Chicago 
'On a snowy day in December 1883, a meeting was held at the Medical Mission located at Chicago and La Salle streets. At the conclusion of this meeting the then-named “German Hospital of Chicago” was incorporated to serve the burgeoning population of the north side of Chicago following the Chicago Fire of 1871 and, most especially, the German immigrant population around its Lincoln Park location, then at 2225 Lincoln Avenue. There were only six other hospitals operating in Chicago, all located a long and difficult horse and buggy ride away from Lincoln Park. At its inception the hospital could accommodate thirteen patients. In 1918, at the beginning of World War I, the name of the hospital was changed to Grant Hospital of Chicago, reflecting the diversifying population of its staff, patients and neighborhood. The hospital continued to grow, deliver compassionate care, and innovate for one hundred eleven years until its sale in January 1994 to Columbia Healthcare Corporation, a for-profit entity. At the time of this sale the hospital was located on the northeast corner of Lincoln Avenue and Webster, still serving the community of Lincoln Park but also attracting patients and staff from the entire metropolitan region.'
Mr. Haiselden is important in this tale of hospital linkage due to the decision he made that create a firestorm of debate in the medical world and in public opinion. 
As chief surgeon he repetitively refused to perform needed surgery for children born with severe birth defects and allowed the babies to die, an act of eugeics. A silent film was produced from this debate called The Black Stork in 1917. 
image - NPR
There is a YouTube video of it provided here
Troubles continued in 1918
Renamed Grant Hospital
images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922


and lastly called 
image via Benny Alvarez Forgotten Chicago-Facebook 
The Lake View Hospital:
Its Evolution
postcard images - Chicago History in Postcards
the original location
and from Illinois Medical Directory 1910
Built by 1910 located on the northwest corner area of Montrose and Clarendon Avenues. Frank Cuneo, Jr. donated the hospital building to Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, an organization founded by Mother Francis Xavier Cabrini, a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
This renamed hospital (1940's) was once located at 
4420 Clarendon Avenue in the Buena Park neighborhood of the community of Uptown. The hospital was dedicated to the health and well-being of children. 
image - History of Medicine & Surgery
The newer hospital was across the street
  Chicago - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago) 1958
 Chicago - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago) 1958
The second building was constructed in 1958 across the street from the original building and linked with a passage bridge (much like in this photo) at 720 West Montrose. That second hospital closed in July 1988.  Its last occupant was Columbus Maryville Academy. - Photos below from E-Bay
The administration building was across the street from the hospital. The hospital was listed on a preservation list in 2012 - Chicago Preservation. I have a Facebook album on it. 
Columbus Hospital 
2520 N Lake View Avenue
image - image - Illinois Medical Directory 1910
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
A 1909 postcard from the Chuckman Collection
A Catholic American saint named Frances Xavier Cabrini established her organization’s presence in Chicago with the construction of this hospital in 1905. It was a hospital designed with the just arrived and poor immigrant in mind. The hospital patient capacity was 551-beds with 
variety of services before its closure.
By 2001 the hospital was sold to a developer who had a interesting issue - a shrine that was built in the middle of the hospital that was dear to the catholic faithful
1959 photo - Art Institute of Chicago
After ten years of city and negotiations 
the shrine was saved and the new condo development
was near completion. 
page - East Lake View by Matthew Nickerson
The Shrine
images - YouTube 
photo below - Catholic New World 
1929 aerial view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
Established in 1887 when Lake View citizens voted for a city charter (1887-1889) was the establishment of the Chicago Daily News 'open-aired' sanitariumThe property was located north of Fullerton Avenue and at the time north of Lincoln Park, the park before park was land-filled northward. One of the most universal and pervasive approaches for people with the most common pulmonary form of the disease was that of rest and fresh air for patients, that lead to the establishment and proliferation of sanitariums across the country
1903 lakefront view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
1902 front yard view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
1907 inside view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
View more photos
Kenner's Charitable Hospital
along Briar Place between Sheridan Road
and (inner) Lake Shore Drive
Originally the Stout Estate 1917-1932
Read more about this property with his Facebook link
from LakeView Historical on Facebook
Articles below tell a tale of zoning issues in 1947
Lost a tax break in 1955
This hospital struggled with zoning and federal tax issues from 1944 to 1955. This hospital was rezoned and later converted from an old stately mansion estate/hospital to high-rise residential living. All the buildings within the concrete wall was razed by 1959.
Ravenswood Hospital 
the original building
image - Illinois Medical Directory 1910
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
image - Frank McGuire via Historic Chicago-Facebook
Fred Kissner was the photographer

 the originally building
dated 1915 - Ebay

1928 Sanborn Fire Map indicates location
 
This hospital had a bright future and then suddenly an unforgiving end. View the articles and links below about its history that finally resulted in its demolition.
1951 a nursing school 
1961 another expansion
 

1964 and another expansion
buying another health care facility in 1991  
The Beginning of the End
In 1998 this hospital failed a young man in need. According this article 'One friend ran inside the hospital and got two police officers to rush to Christopher’s aid. The officers and witnesses begged hospital staff to assist, but they demurred citing hospital policy that forbid them to exit the building. The officers on scene were also bound by protocol to not move injured people and wait for paramedics. At 6:23pm  a request for an ambulance went out over police radio. Ignoring protocol one of the officers finally commandeered a wheelchair and rushed Christopher into the emergency room with a barely detectable pulse.' Christopher death received US presidential attention according to Ebay magazine. By 
2002 the hospital was to be sold and a decade later to be demolished due to vacancy and neighborhood complaints.
demolished 2013 & It's replacement below
renderings of the new school space 2014
By 2014 a school replaced the building space that was once a still engaging hospital that serve the needs of the greater Ravenswood community area.
669 W Irving Park Road
1927-1950ish
Dr. Samuel Burrows founded the Burrows Hospital and held the title of head surgeon. The hospital was established in 1927 and apparently closed by the mid 20th century. According to a 1930 Chicago Daily News article his father Thomas (retired?) was also a doctor who resided in the same hospital, former hotel, til his death in September 1930.
1950 Sanborn Fire Map - top left corner
1923 Sanborn Fire Map
The hospital was the former Irving-Pine Hotel
American Hospital
850 W Irving Park Road
currently the location of Thorek Hospital 
 images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
Chicago General Hospital
741 W Diversey Parkway
 images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
North Chicago Hospital
2551 N Clark Street
 images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
John B. Murphy Hospital
(once associate to the Illinois Masonic Hospital)
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
 photo - Chicago History in Postcards
The building is still located on Belmont west of Broadway 
This training hospital was named after John Benjamin Murphy who advocated his professional life in the treatment of appendicitis to prevent complications. He performed one of the first operations in early acute appendicitis in 1889. Once located at 628 W Belmont Avenue the 'Lake View Hospital Association & Training School for Nurses' was established as early as 1910. 
This 1923 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map indicates the hospital on the left and Herman Beardsley Butler House to the right (the former Hull House of Lake View) and currently the 
LakeView Athletic Club.
Opening of the Murphy Hospital in 1921
Hospital Sold to Mundelein 1928
 1929 Expansion
 Closed and Re-used 1940
This building is currently used for residential living. 
A studio in this rental building costs 
over $1000 per month as of 2016.
This building was once associated with Illinois Masonic Hospital once located on Belmont Avenue east of Broadway 
 the building still remains currently residential 
images are part of my collection



Area Hospitals: Present
Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

The original name was Chicago Union Hospital. This facility was both a general hospital and training school for nurses.
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1910
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922

1923 Sanborn Fire Map that highlights the hospital on formerly named Florence Avenue as well as St. Sebastian Parish and Chicago Gospel Tabernacle on Barry Avenue
Personal Testimony About the Evolution  
(lost this source & to be research again)
"It was a struggle through the best of times and the worst of times to transform the Union Hospital into the Illinois Masonic Medical Center.  It began modestly when a caring company of men and women, members of a Baptist Sunday School Class, resolved to build a hospital to meet the health needs of their local community. The hospital emerged into a major Masonic enterprise dedicated to healing of the ills of its’ day." (Initially, the hospital only provided care to a possible 51 patients according the Benevolent Institutions - 1910.)
"When it became obvious that the hospital enterprise involved more than could be managed by members of a well-intentioned Sunday School Class.  Most the class were Masons or members of the Eastern Star. Its leaders of the hospital turned to the Masonic Order (Free-Mansionary fraternal origination) for assistance. It was a fortuitous development since Masons were planning to develop a hospital to provide care for their own, and in 1921 purchased the Union Hospital and later renamed it Illinois Masonic Hospital”. Even as of 1969 there was still a hint of the hospital's 'Free Mason' past as the article below indicates...
The Health Needs - 1971
A Pictorial History 
from the 1st floor of 836 Wellington building's hallway 
photos taken by Garry Albrecht 





 also shown is Morris Elementary School (demolished)


expansion photos
construction of building # 6 1958
photos - UIC via Explore Chicago

caption on back of this postcard read 
'548 bed urban medical center' 
1960's photo - Illinois Lodge of Research 
836 Wellington building built in 1973
University of Illinois-Chicago,City 2000 collection
the old parking lot is currently the site 
of Center for Advanced Care
 photo - Lake View Patch
 photo - Lake View Patch
Plans for Future in 2013


photo - SmithGroupJJR
This institution is recognized for its care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender patients across the array of medical needs and emergency services.
 2013 photo - Lake View Patch
 2013 photo - Lake View Patch
2013 photo - Lake View Patch
2013 photo - Lake View Patch
2013 photo - Lake View Patch
 2013 photo - Lake View Patch
2013 photo - Lake View Patch
The new Center for Advanced Care building on Barry
2015  It's done and ready for business according to this link!
The Medical Campus Currently
Google Earth view 2016
Originally located in the Township of Lake View in 1872
image - Illinois Medical Directory 1910 
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
postcard - Chicago  History in Postcards
 "The hospital is fitted with all the latest improvements for ventilation, heating, etc., and has accommodations for three hundred patients in wards and private rooms. Of the latter there are fifty, tastefully decorated, supplied with light and air. The wards are also models of neatness and comfort and so carefully have the interests of the sick been provided for that open fireplaces have been place in each ward. The building is heated by steam. The schedule of prices is so arranged that all classes of patients can be accommodated and avail themselves, at reasonable rates, of the superior advantages of the hospital." - caption from the above image
In 1870, a religious order called the Daughters of Charity  purchased a piece of land for a new hospital at what is now Burling Street and Dickens (Garfield) Street later to be known as community of Lincoln Park. In October 1871, while the hospital was under construction, the city suffered from the Great Chicago Fire. The new hospital building was spared and served as a shelter for many of the fire victims. In 1872, the sisters of moved into a new building and renamed it 
Saint Joseph HospitalThis organization also served orphans calling it the St. Joseph Provident Orphan Asylum located between Belmont Avenue and Diversey Parkway.
The Opening of New Hospital 
1872 Chicago Daily Tribune
Sofia=Dickens Avenue
(click on article to enlarge)
1963 photo - Art Institute of Chicago
Chatter About the Opening of Newer Hospital
 in Community of Lake View in1959
The original design by Belli & Belli 1956-57
photo - Friends of Cuneo-Facebook
Moving to Lake View in 1964
(click on article to enlarge)
The architect was Edo J. Belli (1918-2003)
 2900 North Lake Shore Drive/Diversey Parkway
In 1893 The Saint Joseph School of Nursing, which was affiliated with DePaul University, opened on the Burling Street property. By 1894, inpatient and outpatient services in the hospital included surgery, medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, cardiac care and eye, ear, nose and throat treatment. Some 1,504 nurses graduated from the school prior to its Burling Street closing in 1964.
In 1964 patients and staff were moved into the new 500-bed Saint Joseph Hospital on its current site at 2900 LSD.
In 1995 Saint Joseph Hospital merged with Columbus Hospital & Saint Anthony Hospital in Pilsen/Little Village.
  photo - Lake View Patch
 photo - Lake View Patch
In 2013 construction began at Saint Joseph Hospital so to build the new Presence Center for Advanced Care, an almost $150 million expansion project that will take two years to complete - with a 2013 Google view 
first rendition - Lake View Patch photo
Ground breaking ceremony 2013 - Facebook album  

 photo - Lake View Patch
And across the street on the northwest corner of Diversey Parkway and Sheridan Road was once the Amalgamated Meat Cutters International & Butcher Workmen Headquarters that is presently used by the hospital as office space.
Their Medical Center
Amalgamated Meat Cutters International & Butcher Workmen Headquarters was associated with the 
Stock Yards and meatpacking industry. 
- postcard by Chuckman Collection
photos - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago)
1959 - from Greg Russell, Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
The building was sold to St. Joseph's in 1980. The building was vacant for about a year after the a new union was formed that united the Retail Merchants with Meat Cutters.

(click on article to enlarge)
2016 Google view of the hospital campus 
Poker Anyone?
 images - Ebay

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These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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