June 21, 2011

The Communities Within

Communities within our Neighborhood
West Graceland 
South East Ravenswood
Lake View East
Boystown
Wrigleyville
The areas of Boystown and Wrigleyville
have separate posts
It all began with a University of Chicago study
Robert Park asserted that the city represented a new type of community and, due to its large size, was comprised of many smaller communities. The sociology students devoted much of their research effort to the exploration of these smaller communities.
Ernest Burgess spent decades looking for a statistical basis for these local communities. The material at hand was statistics for city blocks that came from the decennial U.S. Census. The census aggregated those statistics to City Wards. Wards were not useful sociological units; municipal government could re-draw ward boundaries from time to time and furthermore, wards did not correspond with people's communities.
The Burgess Model
Burgess cooperated with the U.S Census Bureau as they created Census Tracts, approximating neighborhoods. Using these new units, Burgess and the students explored the city looking for the boundaries of local areas. Eventually they divided Chicago into 75 Community Areas, each with its own name. Over the years one of those areas was divided into two and O'Hare International Airport was added to the city so now there are 77 Community Areas. These areas have been absorbed into the city's traditions, so that now they are used in real estate marketing, city administration, journalism, as well as in social research.
Demography, the study of population, was emerging as a new science in the decade of the 1920's. Some population facts came from the decennial U.S. Census and others from Chicago's Board of Health. Chicago school sociologists used elementary population statistics such as birth and death rates as tools with which to describe and analyze local communities.
another model of urbanization - The Hoyt Model
Read and more importantly view the strengths & weaknesses of this home grown model on how cities can be formed. Also, view the initial Burgess maps the helped formulated his urban concept from a University of Chicago online exhibit.
Since the formulation of 'community areas' or neighborhoods real estate agencies have sub-diffused the initial classic model of Burgess hence creating more 'marketing areas' within each neighborhood for monetary gain.
West Graceland 
The borders of this community is the following: Clark Street to the east, Ashland Avenue to the west, Irving Park Road to the south, and Montrose Avenue to the north. This area has a Facebook presence as well as a typical website.
photo - Curb Chicago
on Greenview Avenue
Frederick Sulzer home
 
Conrad Sulzer
the legendary founder of Lake View
'This picturesque neighborhood is a breath of fresh air in the center of Chicago's north side. Perfect for families starting out, university students, retired couples, and everyone in between, Graceland West offers a tranquil community-oriented home away from the hustle and bustle of downtown, without being too far removed from the exciting nightlife and dining scene of nearby Wrigleyville. Traces of the Victorian era are found in Graceland West's grand homes and sweeping front lawns. Other sections of the neighborhood are more modern with contemporary condominiums, duplexes and townhouses. With such a range of housing styles, home Buyers of all budgets can find just the right place.' - Dream Town Realty
all photos - Redfin
Random homes of the community as well as an overview from Curbed Chicago on the possible changes within. Even EveryBlock keeps a tap on the early day news.
.... All next door to Graceland Cemetery
photo - USA Today
The small community is located west of Graceland Cemetery where it's development in the 20th century is based on the establishment and growth of this mid 19th cemetery along with old Lake View.
1908 view of cemetery entrance 
photo - Graceland Cemetery: a design history 
by Christopher Vernon 
South-East Ravenswood 
This small section of Lake View is regarded as an off-shoot of the Greater Ravenswood community after more than a century of growth from the community's original borders north Sulzer Road (Montrose Avenue). The fabric of this community is similar to it's neighbor to the east - West Graceland mentioned above along with a helpful map. 
This community is the home of the Ravenswood Elementary and the oldest 'houses of worship' from days of the old township. 
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A 1879 view of the area within the Township of Lake View (1857-1887) and the City of Lake View (1887-89)
photo - Graceland Cemetery: A Design History 
by Christopher Vernon
postcard 1901
Another notable landmark of this community of the 19th century is Lake View High School.
1915 photo - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
Ravenswood Elementary School 
The first church was located north of Montrose while the second was built blocks south 
Also the home of 
This a 'picturesque neighborhood is a breath of fresh air in the center of Chicago's north side.' According to Curbed Chicago this area boasts a diverse housing stock, from multi-million dollar homes to condos, converted loft spaces, and three-flats. The avenues that bisect the district each bring their own commercial flavor: Irving Park is the main thoroughfare and brings restaurants, small retail, and art spaces, mixed with services; Montrose offers a more pedestrian-oriented commercial strip.
Once the home of the resort/hotel that christened the township, city, and district - Lake View House.
image - Lake View East Chamber of Commerce
This area was initially called Pine Grove in the late 19th century and for a brief time between the late 1960's to early 1980's New Town - at time of ethnic diversity and dance clubs like Quiet Knight and Medussa. By the mid 1980's the community reclaimed the former of Lake View East.
'A unique and eclectic north side neighborhood brimming with independent businesses, artistic minds, and a vibrant LGBT population - Lakeview East has it all. World-class nightlife, community-mindedness and serene lake views make this district the ideal home for young families, recent grads, creative professionals, and everyone in between. Lake View East's location along the water is one of the neighborhood's signature qualities. Lake Michigan's beautiful beaches and lakefront trails give way to Belmont Harbor where Chicagoans dock their yachts and sailboats between excursions. An off-leash dog beach allows our four-legged friends to run free and a bird sanctuary is the main stopover for our feathered friends flying south for the winter. The housing in this community is a matrix of high-rise residential buildings, vintage condos and rehabbed lofts, with an assortment of single-family homes. Along Broadway are block after block of restaurants, community theaters, and small independent businesses, as well as some national chains. In the late spring to early fall months Lake View East is flooded with a full calendar of festivals & parades, outdoor markets. - Dream Team Reality (edited)
Southport Corridor
image - Redeye
An area of interest to me is the The Southport Corridor. This community of sorts expresses its identity with an online news source called the Southport News & Events.


Post Notes: The real estate agencies like the idea of creating new area names so to better market their product. It seems like when an area becomes popular and trendy and new area/new name is carved out of an existing neighborhood. For example,Yo Chicago list 'Lake View West' & 'Lake View Central' as a separate entity. Maybe someday they will! :)

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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