June 22, 2011

Police & Fire

and its evolution
This post is about the Police & Fire Departments
of Lake View and is related to another post 
The original police department was housed in the Lake View township/city building on the northwest corner 
of Halsted and Addison streets
 Old Town Hall cops & wagon 1889-1907 
from Robert Zamora via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
1920's photo - Calumet 412
The township/city building was replaced by this 
'42nd Precinct' station in 1907
the below photo from Wikipedia shows a more modern look
The Police District 
Troubles on Statford Place in 1897

A Religious Anarchist in 1888
in the City of Lake View
with the Mayor's Approval

The highwayman of the Lake View District 
baffle the Town Hall police in 1892
An Illegal Pier of Cornelia Street in 1894
A Police Commander & Water 1896
Courtroom Justice in 1901
Trick & Treat:
Fact or Fiction in 1901
Hotel Vice & Closure in 1909
Sherman Place=Drummond Place
This area was still unofficially regarded as Lake View 
ten years after the annexation 
The Old Guard vs City of Chicago in 1891
This area was regarded as new district within Chicago
a preserved calaboose in Mt Vernon Illinois
Non-violent prisoners were housed in 'tiny jails' known as calaboose. Apparently, a tiny jail was also located in 
Lake View Township by 1879. One was apparently located 
on the southwest corner of Byron & Clark streets where you can view the plaque below.
Part of the plaque information is hopefully true
'It shall be the duty of any member of the Board of Trustees or any policeman of the Town of Lake View to arrest upon view any of the persons here-in-before described and it shall be the duty of any policeman of the town at the request of any person provided such person shall have first made a written complaint and obtained a warrant from an officer authorized to issue one for the arrest of any such vagabond to arrest and bring before the nearest justice or police magistrate any such vagabond wherever he may be found for the purpose of an examination and the said officer making said arrest shall then and there make written complaint against said vagabond unless a complaint has already been made in the case and the said justice or police magistrate before whom any such vagabond shall be brought shall within thirty six hours proceed to try said person accused of being a vagabond and if he pleads guilty or if he be found guilty the said accused person shall on conviction forfeit and pay a fine of not less than twenty dollars nor more than two hundred dollars and costs of suit and in default of the immediate payment of said fine and costs so imposed said vagabond shall immediately be sentenced by said magistrate to hard labor upon the streets avenues and alleys or public grounds or public works of the Town of Lake View or in and about the calaboose of said town not less than five days nor more than six months said vagabond to labor ten hours of each working day under the supervision of a Street Commissioner of said town and the balance of the time to be confined in the town calaboose or the said magistrate in lieu of the above sentence to hard labor of said vagabond may issue a mittimus (warrant to prison) directing the imprisonment of said vagabond in the county jail for six months or until said fine and costs shall be fully paid said imprisonment not to continue longer than six months for any one offense in accordance with the provision of section sixty eight of chapter twenty four of the Revised Statutes of 1874.'
News in 1885-86
Town[ship] of Lake View Annual Report
Police District Mapping in 2012
Prior to 2012 the neighborhood of Lake View was administered and patrolled by two police districts in the North Division of Chicago, the 19th and 23rd. A re-alignment occurred in 2012 with the consolidation of and elimination of two police districts; one in the North Division that includes Lake view and the other in the South Division. 
With the construction of the (new) Town Hall planned in 2010 on Halsted and Addison the elimination of either the 19th or 23rd became a reality but not without some resident resistance and a lot of public meetings from both residents of the old 19th that was located on 2452 Belmont Avenue just west of Western Avenue and the Town Hall District. The compromise was the retention of the courthouse on Western Avenue but the loss of 'administrated' patrol and detective manpower to the new building on Addison. The other change was the name of the consolidated district. The 23rd became history and the 19th was remained with a larger presence in Chicago. The new 19th police district borders were north on Lawrence Avenue, south of Fullerton Avenue, west of the Chicago River, and to east the Lake Michigan.
2012 map of the new 19th police district 
with the local 'beats'. 
Established in 1992 the CAPS was designed to ideally bring the police, the community, and other city agencies together to identify and solve neighborhood 'quality of life issues', rather than simply react to their symptoms after the fact. Problem solving by this program at the neighborhood level is supported by a variety of strategies, including neighborhood-based beat officers; regular Beat Community Meetings that involve both police & residents; extensive training for both police and community; more efficient use of city services that impact crime; and new technology to help police and residents target crime hot spots. 
The Chicago Police Department has a great 
data-map portal that list crimes per geographical location and another just for the 19th district.  
Selective Historical Articles
Police reorganization 1960

Kidnapping & Murder of Store Owner 1965
contributor Susan Riebman Groff
Proposed curfew for kids under 12 in 1965
Evictions and Police Response in 1972

When Lake View East was called New Town in 1982
New Town was a real estate idea that did not only last a decade or so - from late 1960's to late 1970's
Vandalism in 1987
 page 2
Community BEAT Policing in 1988


The Fire Stations & Events 
Fire stations were referred to as 'hose houses' 
in the 19th century
image - Lake View Saga 1847-1985
The 'Hose-House' on Barry
aka Fire House
built in Old Lake View
fireman Ray Dwight 
The Barry Firehouse was located at 2214 W Barry Avenue
with a 2011 Google Viewer view as Engine House 56
1929 photos - Chicago History Museum via Explore Chicago
Fire Insurance Patrol No. 8
3921 N Ravenswood Avenue
This former Fire Dept building was built in 1907 according to Redfin. The Fire Insurance Patrol’s job was to go into buildings after firemen and protect goods and assets from water damage and thievery. It was especially concerned with protecting major industrial interests in the city.  The building is currently residential and marketing at over 1 million dollars. A Sanborn Fire Map has the building labelled as Fire Insurance Patrol No. 8. This general area was the location of Curt Teich & Bell & Howell (built movie projectors at the time during the time of Essanay Studio).
2017 residential look from Redfin 


 garage or no garage look

For Sale in 2016!
2016 photo - DNAinfo
3921 N Ravenswood - built 1907
the crew in 1930 photo - DNAinfo
'The firehouse at 3921 N. Ravenswood Ave. is a little different in that it housed a private insurance patrol, according to the Fire Museum of Greater Chicago. From 1871 to 1959, fire insurance companies operated patrols that salvaged furniture, machinery and other items in burning buildings. Patrols also did maintenance work on sprinklers, roofs and doors to protect them. "Patrol units responded to fires with lights and sirens along with regular fire units and, in an emergency, would man a hose line, raise ladders or render first aid to fire victims," wrote museum director Ken Little in 2006. "This service was performed at no charge, and whether the occupants had fire insurance or not."' - 
 2016 ground floor photo - Redfin
 2016 second floor photo - Redfin
Historical Fires of Lake View
The Fire of 1871
The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 caused the citizens of Lake View Township some concern. The fire nearly blew across Fullerton Avenue at one point - the southern border with Chicago. Apparently, rain and wind saved the day but some residents of the township were watering down their residencies just in case. Apparently, a few terrified Chicagoans who traveled north found safe harbor in homes from township citizens as far north as Belmont Avenue.
(click on image to enlarge)
The Experience
These sample pages from a book I purchased by Ebay - Chicago and the Great Conflagration 
by Ellas Colbert & Everett Chamberlin 1872
tells a tale of the terror that was the Chicago Fire


Fleeing toward Lincoln Park, the park
illustration - Ebay
According to this book about the fire, "the principal officers of this body [CFD] are appointed to their places through political influence, which is saying perhaps saying enough of to indicate the degree and direction of their talents."(p 370)
The Chicago Fire of 1871 led to a reorganization of the 
Fire Department that included military-style disciplines. The City was divided into 18 battalion districts, the companies in each comprising a battalion, under the charge and the administration of an Assistant Fire Marshal or Battalion Chief. But it was not until 1889 with the annexation of City of Lake View did the City of Chicago have any authority.
Six years after Annexation 
some Issues in 1895

The days of using horse-drawn equipment ended in February 5, 1923. The last day included a fire alarm from box #846 at State Street and Chicago Avenue that was pulled at 12:40 p.m. The horses scrubbed and groomed, the old steamer rolled out of the swinging doors for the last time. 
Some Fires 1909-1910
pre 1909 address 1054 N Lincoln Avenue
post 1909 address 3155 N Lincoln Avenue
It must have been a hot day
apparently a series of buildings on the 2900 block of 
Lincoln Avenue - see article below
 a July 25th article listing the fires the previous day
 with a zoomed view of the fires in Lake View only
The Northwestern Terra Cotta Fire 1911
 This company is also highlighted another post called Blue Collar Lake View. This factory was located in the Township/City of Lake View.

 page 2
and rebuilt that same year 
The Commodore Apartments 1935

The Fires at St. Luke's Parish

images - 'Lake View' by Matt Nickerson
Fire destroyed interior 1899 
image - 'Lake View' by Matt Nickerson
The new church and original school 1960
image - 'Lake View' by Matt Nickerson
The Fires at St. Alphonsus Parish
The Theater Fire 1939
 The Church Fire 1950
 image - 'Lake View' by Matt Nickerson

  photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
  photos - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
The fire included the Athenaeum Theatre 
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
  photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
 photo - Jeff DeLong via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
Nelson near Lincoln Avenue Fire

 Fire in 1906 on the on Nelson & near Lincoln
both photos - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
3400 Block N Lincoln Fire 

another view of it via Ebay
North Lincoln Avenue fire @ Newport in 1933 with the story below
Athenaeum Theater Fire 1939
photos & text by Jeff DeLong
The theatre had devastating fire that destroyed the attic and 2nd floor on Thanksgiving Eve of 1939. The parish rebuilt the 2nd floor and added the third floor in 1940 

Firemen & their Trucks

page - 'East Lake View' by Matthew Nickerson

Located at 1529 Belmont Avenue 1936 photo - Engine 21

The Alphonsus Church Fire 1950
 image - Matt Nickerson from his book called Lake View
800 Block of Belmont Avenue 1959

 another view of it
The Bowling Alley Fires
image from a book called 'A Chicago Firehouse: 
Stories of Wrigleyville Engine 78'
1950 Sanborn Fire Map of the building
originally known as Lake View Recreation
prior to 1921 photo - Ebay
 photo - Dr. Jake's Bowling History Blog
 3239 N Clark Street
There was this late 19th century building with a bowling alley and a second floor dance hall that apparently had a floor   collapse in 1948, a reputation during the late 1950's as well as a fire in 1961 that gutted the building and the building north of it.- 3 strikes and you are gone I guess.
A Dance Floor Collapse in 1948

A Reputation by 1958
 photo - An Engineers Aspect
photo - An Engineers Aspect
The Mister Softee Arson Fire 1965
 The fire destoyed a 'Mister Softee' fleet of 56 trucks on 3100 block of Halsted Street in 1965. It was part of mob-related arson attempt to have the owner of the fleet sell his company and for him, the owner, to leave town.
The garage had a tunnel that connected the boiler room to an apt building next to it.
This is one of several articles about it 

The Melrose Fire of 1963
photos & video via WGN TV
2012 photo of Rick Vega 
a young Rick Vega
Eddie Groya & Rick Vega
In 1963 Eddie Groya saved a then 5-year-old Cuban refugee from a burning apartment building. That little boy was Lieutenant Rick Vega, a Chicago firefighter working out of the same station as Mr. Groya on Halsted just south of Diversey.
Arson in the Hood 1970's
Continous fires caused by arson rocked 
Lake View during the 1970's. 
Here is a sample article - one of many
located at Byron and Hermitage Avenue - unknown date
the corner of Hermitage & Byron decommissioned
photo - WBEZ City Room
More Arson in Lake View in 1976
more in the same year
 page 2
In 1978
An important date in the mid-20th century for the Chicago Fire Department was January 1, 1958, with the establishment of the Bureau of Fire Investigation within the fire department. Prior to that date the sources of many of Chicago's fires particularly arson went unresolved without independent & private forensic research. Knowledge of the causes of fires has proved to be extremely valuable in the prevention of potential fire and in the assistance to insurance companies in their investigations. This innovation was tested during the 1970's & early 80's when arson was a common occurrence. 
Hawthorne House Blaze 1969

 page 2
A Chicago firefighter tries to free up an ice-encrusted hose while battling a blaze at 648 W. Cornelia, February 1979. photo by William Yates
1979 photo - Chicago Tribune via Susan Riebman Groff
The Dominick Fire 2005
An extra-alarm fire gutted a Lakeview supermarket Sunday evening, casting gray smoke over the area and wreaking havoc with neighborhood traffic. The fire started about 5:25 p.m. in Dominick's Finer Foods, 3012 N. Broadway according to  Fire Department spokesman Josh Dennis said per the Chicago Tribune. Read more about from the link above.
all photos - Eric Herot via Flick
Road 66 Fire 2013
2013 photo - LakeView Patch

'Fire crews spent more than two hours battling a fire that overtook a Wrigleyville building occupied by several businesses as it spewed smoke that could be seen from the Loop. The fire, at 3330 N. Clark St., erupted in a building that is shared by a bar, Roadhouse 66, Thai Classic and Samah, a hookah bar, located just south of the "L" tracks that straddle Roscoe Street. Fire department spokesman Mark Nielsen said the blaze began in Samah and was called in by Roadhouse 66 just before 5 p.m. Investigators are working to identify the cause of the fire, he said.' - DNAinfo article
2013 photo - DNA info
2013 photos - DNA info
Fire on Mansfield 2016
2016 photo - DNAinfo
'A large, smoky fire broke out north of the intersection of Lincoln, Ashland and Belmont on Monday evening, officials said. The flames started around 5 p.m. and involved three buildings around 3338 N. Marshfield Avenue, near Dinkel's Bakery and Lake View YMCA. "It is an apartment fire that started on the West Side of Marshfield and it jumped porches. It seems they have it under control," said Melani Domingues, owner of The Green Lady at 3328 N. Lincoln Ave. "We were both getting home from work. This our daily walk," Cohen said. "It's scary to know that older buildings can catch fire in Chicago. It's scary how fast a fire can spread. I hope everyone got out OK."' - DNAinfo article
investigate more of this fire from Chicago Fire Wire
2016 photo - Chicago Fire Wire
2016 photo - DNAinfo
The Diner Grill Fire 2016
A fire that broke out late Christmas Eve has shuttered the Diner Grill, but its owner plans to rebuild. The fire began around 9:30 p.m. Christmas Eve, after employees had gone home for the one day a year when the 24-hour diner isn't open, owner Arnold DeMar said Tuesday. Chicago firefighters were called to the fire around 10:20 p.m. Saturday and found no one inside the diner, the department said. A dozen fire trucks and engines responded. A cause of the fire has not been determined, but investigators have narrowed the fire's origin to refrigeration compressors in the back room, DeMar said. – DNAinfo article

Rocks on Fire 2017
It will take several months to rebuild 'ROCKS Lakeview' after a fire ripped through the building Wednesday, but its owners are hoping to help out its employees in the interim. The fire began around 7 p.m. in the kitchen and spread throughout the building, owner George Manta said. With its insurance, ROCKS will be able to rebuild, but it will take several months. "Our plan is to most definitely reopen, but we're in no position to make guesses on that time frame," Manta said. No one was injured in the fire, but the bar suffered "significant damage," Manta said. About 35 staff members are subsequently out of work, and although Manta said he and fellow co-owner Tim Shepardson are trying to help them find new jobs, "it's going to take awhile," Manta acknowledged. 
according to DNAinfo. Rocks reopened that same October.
photo below - YouTube
Lake View Fire Stations as of 2014
The Chicago Fire Department was restructured in January 2012. The neighborhood of Lake View currently administered within the following:
Fire North
Fire District 2
Battalion 5
Units E78 & A6
 Wrigleyville's Engine 78 
One of the oldest stations in the Chicago is Wrigleyville's Engine 78 located at 1052 West Waveland Avenue. It was built in 1884 by the Lake View Township administration - originally built at 3217 North Clark Street as a wooden framed structureAfter the annexation the City of Chicago moved the station and company to its present location on Waveland Avenue in 1894. By 1915 it was rebuilt in its' present brick condition at the cost of $18,600. According to the book called ‘A Chicago Firehouse’ by Karen Kruse, while the present structure was under construction the Engine company was temporarily housed in the Mandel Brothers Warehouse – now lofts on corner Halsted & Aldine.

Post Note
Finally, some extra reading for CFD history fans!

Important Note:

These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!
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