June 27, 2011

Art Inside & Out

Just not in a Gallery
A building wall art
Some Background 
This post explores the difference between permanent art and temporary art. The term public art refers to works of art in any media that have been planned and executed with the specific intention of being sited or staged in the physical public domain, usually outside and accessible to all.
In recent years, public art has increasingly begun to expand in scope and application  — both into other wider and challenging areas of art-form, and also across a much broader range of what might be called our 'public realm'. Such cultural interventions have often been realized in response to creatively engaging a community's sense of 'place' or 'well-being' within society. After all, a public right to ‘non-conventional displayed’ and ‘mobile art’ should not only be enjoyed as an optional extra, but is actually one of our "basic human rights". 
Permanent Public Art 
A Gateway to Lake View
 Goethe with Herman Hahn - 1913
Goethe Statue in Lincoln Park, 1914 - Calumet 412 
This stature located on Diversey (Blvd.) Parkway near Sheridan Road acts as a northward gateway into Lake View from Lincoln Park. It is a grand example of public art that is just scattered along the lakefront and boulevards of the city.
This 25 foot heroic statue pays homage to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) the famous German writer and philosopher. This sculptor was a social example of the increase German presence in Chicago as well as the community of Lake View.
In 1911, the Goethe Monument Association held a competition to select a sculptor for the memorial. The committee members specified that they did not want a figurative portrait of Goethe (German and Swedish neighborhood at the time). They believed that this directive would release artists “from the trammels of costume and conventionality” and permit them “to give free flight to their imagination and enthusiasm.”

The Art Institute displayed the nine models produced by the artists who had participated in the competition. The winning project was submitted by Herman Hahn (1868-1944), a professor and sculptor from Munich, Germany. He created a Greek god-like figure of young man with an eagle on his knee to symbolize Goethe’s “Olympian achievements.” Hahn’s design, installed in 1913, includes a low wall with a bas relief portrait of Goethe himself, as well as a quotation from his Faust, in both German and English. In 1951, the bronze statue was struck by lightening and the left foot crumbled. The statue was removed and the ankle, foot, and base were recast. 

According the publication Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler, during WWI the statue was "redone in red, white, and blue by a band of local patriots" in a dominate German neighborhood area.
In 1998, a national nonprofit organization entitled 
Save Outdoor Sculpture! sponsored the conservation of the enormous bronze sculpture. A couple of years later, the park district also restored the sculpture’s landscape environment.
another gateway to Lake View
1910 photo - Art Institute of Chicago

Chuckman Collection – 1954
Another gateway into the neighborhood  of Lake View is the Signal to Peace located yards north of Diversey Harbor along LSD just within the neighborhood of Lincoln Park.
The Alarm
In the park within Lake View
located between Oakdale and Wellington
1905-10 photo - Art Institute of Chicago
Chicago's
Temporary Art
Probably the best known example 
of temporary art in Chicago
 Lake View's Temporary Art 
that was once located on Elaine Place and was thought by the community residents to be permanent but was not.
 
 
1981 photo - William Brubaker Collection 
via University of Illinois
After a long history, at least since 1978, on Elaine Place these metal objects were removed from the street in 2012. 
The artist John Kearney is a Chicago and Provincetown -based American artist famous for making figurative sculptures, often of animals, using multiple, found metal objects, specifically bumpers from automobiles. 
More on info from the RedEye
The removal October 11, 2012
- Joe E. Dale contributor - Facebook
According to Boystown on Facebook Elaine Place apartment buildings were sold to Chicago Apartment Finders. The statues themselves could not be sold with the property and therefore were removed.
 photo by Boris Geissler - Chicago Phoenix on Facebook
More Temporary Art in the Hood

an example positioned at Nettelhorst School
 corner of Halsted and Newport
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
corner of Wellington and Broadway
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
The Lakefront Sculpture Exhibit, a creation by Lincoln Park citizen associations and later Lake View in 2008, was established in 2001 to be a statement of civic, corporate and community pride that is based on local neighborhood participation. This mobile exhibit was conceived to enrich the neighborhood by publicly exhibiting the works of Chicago area sculptors along neighborhood streets and byways. 
example of mobile art in transit
was near the Diversey Driving Range in 2014
from a blog called Celia: Her City 

Dotting the Landscape
Lake View joined with Lincoln Park in 2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research more Lake View 'works of art' since 2008 when the neighborhood of Lake View joined 
below photo - Southport Corridor News & Events
A Permanent Pop-Art Event
called The Sunday Spot

a September event in western Lake View
CTA - Lake View
Permanent Public Art
2012-2013 - Art of all styles have become a fixture along the renovated CTA stations in the city.
Belmont Redline CTA Station

The Belmont Underpass
view more photos - Tom Tunney 44th ward
2012 photo - SunTimes
 photo - Chicago Public Art Group
 photo - Chicago Public Art Group
 photo - Chicago Public Art Group
Inside Art
There was countless programs in place during the 1930's to revive the economy and put folks back to work to feed their families - the WPA was one of them. 
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) was instituted by presidential executive order under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of April 1935, to generate public jobs for the unemployed. The WPA was restructured in 1939 when it was assigned to the Federal Works Agency.
By 1936 over 3.4 million people were employed on various WPA programs. Administered by Harry Hopkins and furnished with an original congressional allocation of $4.8 billion, the WPA made work accessible to the unemployed on an unparalleled scale by disbursing funds for an extensive array of programs. One of those stations was in Lake View.
1930's image - Kids Britannica
Under the direction of art critic and curator Holger Cahill, the Federal Art Project operated in all 48 states and instituted divisions for easel painting, murals, sculpture, posters, prints and drawings.The Federal Art Project division of the WPA tended to favor figurative art rather than abstract art; a trend that resulted in many of the century's greatest abstract painters (Rothko, Pollock, Krasner, etc.) creating rather uncharacteristic art. This 1940 article below reflects a negative view of this part of the WPA program in Chicago.
(click for enlargement)
page 2
Painter and printmaker Harry Sternberg was employed by the Work Projects Administration (WPA) in late 1930’s to create a piece of art for a Lake View Branch of the Chicago Post Office in located on Irving Park Road near Sheffield. 
- from Chicago Tribune
(enlarge above image with a click)
In 2000, a resident of Chicago, Dr. David Baldwin, began a project to restore the original work of art that were barely still visible but let alone poorly maintained. In 2003, after a three year restoration project his work revealed a mural the symbolized art of its’ day but and hallmarked the importance of art and need for employment during the Great Depression.
photo - Jane Rosenbluth Baldwin
High resolution photo, taken in sections, 
then "stitched" together.- JRB
Follow the conversion in Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
An example of one of the many threads
Jane Rosenbluth Baldwin: My husband founded the Friends of the Lake View Post Office Mural, raised the money for the restoration, hired the team that did such a wonderful job on the mural, and arranged the display in the post office lobby. It was a labor of love, and many generous people helped. He exchanged a few letters with Mr. Sternberg, shortly before his death. He has beautiful photos.

In 2010, the Chicago Branch of the Lake View Post Office was renamed after a legendary folk singer Steve Goodman
The Nettelhorst School
Another location of depression art is located at Nettelhorst Elementary in Lake View that by Rudolph Weisenborn 1936
'Horses from Children's Literature'
background on the art
 'Louis Nettelhorst School Elementary Alumni'-Facebook
Inside the kindergarden classroom
image - Michael Mcloughlin 
via Louis Nettelhorst Elementary School Alumni 
'Contemporary Chicago'
'Louis Nettelhorst School Elementary Alumni'-Facebook
2014 photo - Michael McLoughlin via
 'Louis Nettelhorst School Elementary Alumni'-Facebook
and adding there own along the way
 in the original building, a 21st century photo 
Louis Nettelhorst School Elementary Alumni'-Facebook
entrance to the lunch room
Louis Nettelhorst School Elementary Alumni'-Facebook

Post Note: One of the largest collection of WPA murals is located in Lane Tech High School located in the neighborhood of North Central. Here are some samples:


a Facebook album
Like the caveman before them, artists carved their works of art on limestone blocks that once graced the shores of Lake Michigan. Some graffiti, some not. Thanks to a fellow Chicagoan these countless works of art will not be forgotten. 
 
View my Facebook album called 'Lost Art on Limestone' 
with this link for the full story.
A Dead Tree can be Art?
This 2017 project is called 'Endless'
located between Stratford Place & Hawthorne Place/LSD


Post Notes:
Also, the Chicago Conservation Center works to restore WPA murals in the schools where the artwork first took root during the Depression Era. View the other Chicago elevated stations with their own artworks
View more public art in Chicago via Flickr.

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!
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