June 15, 2011

Street-End Beaches

in Old Lake View 
Sulzer Road (Montrose Avenue) Beach in 1887
Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection, 
Sulzer Regional Library via Explore Chicago Collection
The Shoreline Maps
 1894 view before Sheridan Road and Lake Shore Drive
 a 1923 view before North Lake Shore Drive extended north of Lincoln Park, the park and below map highlights both Sheridan Road and N Lake Shore Drive
A Bathing Beach Plan in 1896:
a new park/beach space between Fullerton Avenue
and Diversey Parkway
Bathing Beaches were design
 for the 'the poor masses' - 1901
(click on article to enlarge)






Bathing Beach 'Park House' for Bathers 
at Lincoln Park (Fullerton) Bathing Beach 1902


A Scene from Lincoln Park (Fullerton) Bathing Beach
or Diversey Boulevard in 1908
(click on article to enlarge)
(click on article to enlarge)
1912 photo - University of Illinois-Urbana/Champaign
"Chicago's Bathing Beach, Lincoln Park" 1912. From text: "A refectory and provision for athletic pastimes are additional features of the place also a children's bathing beach. It is reached by the North Clark Street electric car."- photo caption
An Arrest is Made in 1913:
not to mix the sexes


1921 & 1922 respectfully
photos - Chuckman Collection
This could have been any beach along the lake 1920's. There was a dress code in those days - for women only!
Some Geography 
The City of Lake View (1887-1889) was annexed to the City of Chicago in 1889. For the next 35 years plus the area of annexation - Western Avenue to the existing lakefront, Fullerton Avenue to Devon Avenue - was referred to as the 
District of Lake View. By 1930 the City of Chicago adopted official neighborhoods hence creating a smaller Lake View.
Population Densities 
created its increasing popularity by 1916
Street-end beaches were sandy beaches created literally at end of any street that would accommodate sand collection by the lake currents. Some beaches had real estate constructed on them such as a clubhouse while others were just beach-heads like the current 'doggie' beach at Belmont Harbor. As more of the existing lakefront was land-filled northward the street-end beaches disappeared from the landscape. Harbors would be created and more green space would be developed slowly northward throughout the 20th century.  
view of the existing lakefront 
edit image - Alabama University Digital Maps 
More Park Space Plan North of Irving Park Road 
 
'Rules of the Road' 
for bathers and non-bather - 1914
(click on article to enlarge)
(click on article to enlarge)
The Bathing Beaches List
Addison Street-End Beach 



1907 high tide 
photos - Chicago History Museum via Daily News Archive
This particular broadwalk shown above began somewhere near Diversey Parkway and ended near Grace Street. 
 1915 at low tide that created a beach-head
At high-tide this beach would be submerged.
photo - Chicago History Museum via Daily News Archive
This beach-head (low tide) is a good example of a street-end beach that I have discovered on the north-side at the turn of the 20th century for it end at Addison Street. 
Another Good Example:
Barry Avenue 'Street-end' Beach 
referred to as the 'Babies Beach'





Diversey Avenue Bathing Beach
park and beach space 1910-ish - Calumet 412


Lake Shore Drive to Diversey plan with a 'shallow' basin added extending Lincoln Park to Diversey in 1894 



 More Talk on Expansion in 1904
The Northward Expansion in 1910
Retro Article the Boardwalk along the Shore
1890ish photo - via Calumet 412

 1909 view according to Calumet 412
1912 view according to Calumet 412
Separating Men from Women/Children

Apparently, the Diversey Avenue Bathing Beach
1907 postcard - Ebay

early 1920's - Ebay
The Bathing Beach will be replaced 1922


photo 1924 - Chuckman Collection

1929 Chuckman Collection photo
This postcard while highlighting the The Embassy Hotel on Diversey Parkway this postcard also highlights the park space between the harbors - Diversey and Belmont - at the time. The Diversey Avenue Golf Links was a full 18 hole course prior to the mid 20th century.
The largest public 'bathing' beach in Chicago as of 1920 and promoted as the largest beach in the world.
Old Beach Replaced 1931

photo - Calumet 412 
 postcard - Ebay
 postcard - Ebay
Located at the foot of Sunnyside Avenue - 1920's 
Chuckman Collection / Chicago History in Postcards
1916 photo - University of Illinois-Urbana/Champaign
The Field House in 1916 
photo - Chicago History Museum via Daily News Archives
The 'Public House' building was designed by city architect C.W. Kallal in a Mediterranean Revival Style, an architectural style that was used for such buildings as Marshall and Fox’s South Shore Country Club of 1916 (now South Shore Cultural Center) and the 63rd Street Bathing Pavilion in 1919. This style, also referred to as the 'Italian Resort Style' was defined by tall towers capped with hipped-roofs clad in clay tiles, large entry colonnades, porticos, loggias and open-air promenades compliments this style of architecture.
 1917 - Chicago History Museum via Daily News Archives
Lincoln Park Northward by 1923
As Lake Shore Drive extended northward the old street-end beaches were replaced by land and road with limestone protecting both the filled in lakefront and the road.
(click on article to enlarge)
page 2 
A plan to develop more beaches 
along the old Lake View lakefront in 1926
draining out the water to be landfilled 
probably much like the process for Belmont Harbor
photo - Ask Geoffrey Chicago Tonight WTTW
A new harbor replaces the 
Clarendon Municipal Bathing Beach by 1932
image - Art Institute of Chicago
photo - Art Institute of Chicago
Plans for the old 'Public House' and property 1929
Due to the loss of beach with the extension of the park northward plans were made to create a city college on public land. There was also a proposal to build and extension for the Lake View High School during this same time period.
image - Preservation Chicago
Battle for a High School 1929
Wilson Avenue Bathing Beach
photo - Chuckman Collection
Land Grab to Extend Lincoln Park 
from private ownership
photo - Chicago History Museum 
1905 with the Wilson Avenue Crib in the background 

1915 - Chicago History Museum Daily News Archives
Chicago History Museum Daily News Archives
In 1916, within a year of the opening of Clarendon Municipal Public Beach, a violent clash erupted between city beach-goers and members of the neighboring Wilson Avenue Beach that was private/paid members only. In an attempt to keep municipal bathers out of the waters and off of the private beach, owned by the Wilson Beach Company, lifeguards and members beat a boy whom they claimed had not paid his admittance fee. The Chicago Tribune explained that "bathers from other beaches can be distinguished from those who pay admittance fees by the manner of bathing suits they wear." - Encyclopedia of Chicago
images - Chicago History in Postcards - 1911
photo - Chicago History Museum
Notice on the billboard divider in the background that separated the two beaches to the left of the photo
photo - Chicago History Museum
 1919 photo - Chicago History Museum
The Water Swing 1921 - Calumet 412
 1922 that shows the divider between the public and private beach from the Wilson private side
Color photos from Chuckman Collection
and B/W's from Daily News Archives & Calumet 412
Lawrence Avenue End Beach
The Lake View Water Pumping Station is in the background once located on Clarendon Avenue
between Irving Park Road and Montrose.
All of the minor beaches or I would like to refer them as 'starter beaches' were called 'street end' beaches indicating the end of the street was at the existing lakefront at the time.
Riparian Rights Issue 
and the end of Street-end Beaches
A Map of Possibilities in 1928
and not with out of court battle ...
Plans Continued for Expansion even further in 1933
The Lincoln Park Board of Commissioners sought to create a similar plan to mirror the 1933 World Fair design
 
The Argyle Bathing Beach
This is the last beach I mention in this post 
- there were others
photo - '900 Block of Argyle Historical Appreciation Page'
on Facebook
The Belmont Harbor Beach
 postcard view indicated a beach area
both images part of my personal collection
a 1940 view indicates beach area
Just north of Belmont Avenue along the harbor was a beach space that surrounded the club house. That space disappeared after the Lake Shore Drive extension of 1937-42
View more about Belmont Harbor with this link and this link.
Another Type of Beach
Belmont Harbor Doggie Beach 
3600 N Lake Shore Drive
Belmont Harbor Dog Beach is located at 3600 N. Lake Shore Drive on just north of Belmont Harbor waters. The stretch of land is about 1/10th of an acre. There’s still plenty of room for dogs to run, frolic and play fetch. As with all Chicago dog parks/beaches, dogs must have an up-to-date vaccination tag, available at almost all vets for $5. 
photo - Chicago Tribune
photo - Wibiti
aerial view
photo - Yelp
 photo - Yelp
photo - Yelp
 with more photos including the 'rules of the road'
Post Notes:
The Lakefront in 1909
Then and Now
all images - Historic Map Works
These images are from Sanborn Fire Maps of 1909 that highlighted the proposed plans to extend Lincoln Park northward from Fullerton Avenue to Cornelia Street
Fullerton Avenue to Diversey Boulevard (Parkway)
2016 Google Map view

Diversey Boulevard to Belmont Avenue
 2016 Google Map view
 Belmont Avenue to Cornelia Street
Cornelia was the northern border of Lincoln Park until the mid to late 1920's to early 1930's. The development of Montrose Beach and Harbor would be the next development northward.
2016 Google Map view


Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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