June 12, 2011

Street-End Beaches

 Old Lake View 
(Remember to click on articles/images to enlarge)
Sulzer Road (Montrose Avenue) Beach 1887
Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection, 
Sulzer Regional Library via Explore Chicago
First Bathing Beach Plan 1896
Bathing Beaches were design
 for the 'poor masses' of citizens 1901
(click on article to enlarge)
Bathing Beach 'Park House' for Bathers 
at Lincoln Park (Fullerton) Bathing Beach 1902
(click to enlarge)
A Scene from Lincoln Park (Fullerton) Bathing Beach
or Diversey Boulevard 1908
(click on article to enlarge)
(click on article to enlarge)
photos - Chuckman Collection
This could have been any beach along the lake c1920's. There was a dress code in those days - for women only!
Some Geography 
The City of Lake View (1887-1889) was annexed to the City of Chicago in 1889. For the next 35 years plus the area of annexation - Western Avenue to the existing lakefront, Fullerton Avenue to Devon Avenue - was referred to as the 
District of Lake View. By 1930 the City of Chicago adopted official neighborhoods hence creating a smaller Lake View.
Weather created the popularity by 1916
according to this editorial
Street-End beaches were sandy beaches created literally at end of any street that would accommodate sand collection by the currents. Some beaches had real estate constructed on them such as a clubhouse while others were just beach-heads like the current doggie beach at Belmont Harbor. As more of the existing lakefront was landfilled northward the street-end beaches disappeared from the landscape. Harbors would be created and more green space developed slowly northward throughout the 20th century.  
photo - Alabama University Digital Maps
 view of the existing lakefront 
More Park Space Plan North of Irving Park Road 
'Rules of the Road' 
for bathers and non-bather - 1914

(click on article to enlarge)
(click on article to enlarge)
The Bathing Beaches 
Addison Avenue Street Beach 



1907 high tide - 3 photos above Chicago History Museum 
- Daily News Archive -
This particular broadwalk shown above began somewhere near Diversey Parkway and ended near Grace Street. 
 1915 at low tide that created a beach-head
 - Chicago History Museum - Daily News Archive
Belmont Yacht Harbor was open to the public in 1913 so this became the first street-end beach north of the harbor and the landfilled expansion of the park - Lincoln Park.

Barry Avenue Bathing Beach
 a 'street-end beach' private beach
1906 image - Chicago Daily Tribune via Chicago Public Library newspaper section
Diversey Park Bathing Beach
before the harbor 1894
(click on article to enlarge)
 Concerns in 1904
Northward Expansion 1910
Construction of a Beach House 1910
(click on article to enlarge)
1890ish photo - via Calumet 412
park and beach space since 1910-ish - Calumet 412
By 1918 this beach was apparently exclusively for adults while the Fullerton Avenue Beach were meant for women with children only. That policy did not last long.

View as of 1909 image according to Calumet 412
1912 photo - Calumet412

Apparently, the Diversey Avenue Bathing Beach
1907 postcard - Ebay

early 1920's - Ebay
The Bathing Beach will be replaced 1922


photo 1924 - Chuckman Collection


1929 Chuckman Collection photo
This postcard while highlighting the The Embassy Hotel on Diversey Parkway this postcard also highlights the park space between the harbors - Diversey and Belmont - at the time. The Diversey Avenue Golf Links was a full 18 hole course prior to the mid 20th century.
The largest public 'bathing' beach in Chicago as of 1920 and promoted as the largest beach in the world.
Old Beach Replaced 1931
and Nude Bathers Reported further north

photo - Calumet412 
Maybe the original beach
 postcard - Ebay
 postcard - Ebay
Located at the foot of Sunnyside Avenue - 1920's 
Chuckman Collection / Chicago History in Postcards
 Field House 1916 Daily News Archives
The 'Public House' building was designed by city architect C.W. Kallal in a Mediterranean Revival Style, an architectural style that was used for such buildings as Marshall and Fox’s South Shore Country Club of 1916 (now South Shore Cultural Center) and the 63rd Street Bathing Pavilion in 1919. This style, also referred to as the 'Italian Resort Style' was defined by tall towers capped with hipped-roofs clad in clay tiles, large entry colonnades, porticos, loggias and open-air promenades compliments this style of architecture.
 1917 - Daily News Archives
Lincoln Park northward planned 1923

(click on article to enlarge)
page 2 
As of the late the extension of Lake Shore Drive in the late 1930's this beach was for the general public and would have blended with the Wilson Beach just north of it if it was not for a billboard divider that separated the public beach from the Wilson private (members only) Beach. The beach is now called Clarendon Avenue.
A plan to develop more beaches 
along the old Lake View lakefront - 1926
draining out the water to be landfilled 
probably much like the process for Belmont Harbor
photo - Ask Geoffrey Chicago Tonight WTTW
A new harbor replaces the 
Clarendon Municipal Bathing Beach by 1932
image - Art Institute of Chicago
photo - Art Institute of Chicago
Plans for the old 'Public House' and property 1929
Due to the loss of beach with the extension of the park northward plans were made to create a city college on public land. There was also a proposal to build and extension for the Lake View High School during this same time period.
image - Preservation Chicago
Battle for a High School 1929
Wilson Avenue Bathing Beach
Land Grab to Extend Lincoln Park 
from private ownership

photo - Chuckman Collection

photo - Chicago History Museum 
1905 with the Wilson Crib in the background 

1915 - Chicago History Museum Daily News Archives
Chicago History Museum Daily News Archives
In 1916, within a year of the opening of Clarendon Municipal Beach, a violent clash erupted between city beach-goers and members of the neighboring private Wilson Avenue Beach. In an attempt to keep municipal bathers out of the waters and off of the beaches, owned by the Wilson Beach Company, lifeguards and members beat a boy whom they claimed had not paid his admittance fee. The Chicago Tribune explained that "bathers from other beaches can be distinguished from those who pay admittance fees by the manner of bathing suits they wear." - Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago
images - Chicago History in Postcards
by 1911
photo - Chicago History Museum
This 1910 'negative image' would need to turned around so to face Clarendon Beach. Notice the billboard dividers that separated the two beaches to the left of the photo
photo - Chicago History Museum
 1919 photo Chicago History Museum
The Water Swing 1921 - Calumet 412
 1922 that shows the divider between the public and private beach from the Wilson private side
Color photos from Chuckman Collection
and B/W's from Daily News Archives & Calumet 412
Lawrence Street End Beach
The Lake View Water Pumping Station is in the background once located on Clarendon between Irving Park Road and Montrose.
All of the minor beaches or I would like to refer them as 'starter beaches' were called 'street end' beaches indicating the end of the street was at the existing lakefront at the time.
Riparian Rights Issue 
for the Expansion of the Park
and the end of Street-end Beaches
This had been a constant problem for the beginning
Article 1928
Plans Continued for Expansion 1933
The Lincoln Park Board of Commissioners sought to create a similar plan to mirror the 1933 World Fair design
 
Belmont Harbor Dog Beach 
3200 N Lake Shore Drive
Belmont Harbor Dog Beach is located at 3200 N. Lake Shore Drive on Belmont Harbor's west side. This popular space between the lake and the fence is narrow and the stretch of land is about 1/10th of an acre. There’s still plenty of room for dogs to run, frolic and play fetch. As with all Chicago dog parks/beaches, dogs must have an up-to-date vaccination tag, available at almost all vets for $5 as of 2014.
photo - Chicago Tribune
aerial view
photo - Yelp*
 photo - Yelp!
photo - Yelp*
 with more photos including the 'rules of the road'

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These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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