June 22, 2011

Political Representation

Who Represents the Citizens of Lake View
This post is related to other posts called
City/former Township Old Town Hall
This post mostly covers the governmental representation since the annexation of the City of Lake View in 1889. Prior to that date from 1857 to 1887 a township form of government was established and granted by the State of Illinois within the County of Cook. The Old Town Hall included the offices of the police and post office as well as council chambers for the township trustees/alderman old Lake View.
The Old Town Hall
1872 - 1907
image - Calumet 412 
Lake View's 'Old Town Hall' included 
police, postal, and council chambers of the 
township trustees and the city alderman
The political and governmental administrative center of the township/city from 1872 to the annexation of 1889 was on the northwest corner of Addison and Halsted Streets. While the original building lost its political status after the annexation the residents District of Lake View gained a police presence with the construction of the second building commonly referred to as the Old Town Hall in 1907.
Maps of the Area 1887
The town hall was located 
in the old township/city subdivision of Pine Grove 
David Rumsey Map Historical Map Collection
located on the lower left
Sanborn Fire Map via Historic Map Works 1887
photo - late 19th century from
Robert Zamora - Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
below is a photo of it in 1889 minus the grand stairs that lead to the once main entrance
a 1894 Sanborn Fire Map view
 now called the 42nd Police Station
A What If? 
What if the building survived? The building would look similar to Placer County Government Center located in California 
just north of State capital, Sacramento.
1923 Sanborn Fire Map of the area
The new 42nd District Police Station
was stilled referred to as the Old Town Hall
1920's - Calumet 412

This two-story classical revival-style structure according to the Chicago Landmark Commission is characterized by a symmetrical facade, limestone base, and distinctive copper cornice. The architect is unknown according to Chicago Landmark Commission. In 2013 Landmark Designation was approved by the city council and rehabbed for future use according to the Chicago Tribune article in 2010.
We Will Keep our Police Station, thanks! 
A publication called Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler their were several attempts to eliminate the police station in 1975, 1983, 1987, and 1992. Neighborhood associations within Lake View battled the City of Chicago administration to keep the presence on the corner of Addison and Halsted Streets. After several decades of political battles with the City Council the police presence in Lake View remained with the construction of a modern facility in 2010 at the same location of the original township building.
photos - Wikipedia
basement work station via DNAinfo
A Testimonial of the Old Station 
by Marilyn Ross – contributor 
of Forgotten Chicago on Facebook - 2014
“The set of two windows to the right of the side door on the first floor was the youth office for many years. .. I was a youth officer and spent many hours there handling kids. It was later moved upstairs that with the window open I could hear the roost of the crowd from Wrigley. I knew when something exciting was going on there. When it was a good year for them (Cubs) the window looked directly at the Goodyear blimp hovering over the ballpark. Jail was on north-side of bldg. That was a garage. Some roll calls were held there and the windows belonged to an office where the sergeants sat.”
photo - Lake View Patch
photo - Garry Albrecht
The station was original with the 42nd precinct in 1907
In 1966, police Superintendent O.W. Wilson said that a station as old as the Town Hall couldn't "provide the space and modern equipment necessary for today's police needs.“
[The Lake View Citizen Action group and other civic associations such as the Lake View Citizens Council prevailed and the building and the police force within it remained until the new building was built in 2010.]
"The mere fact that it has remained a police station for so long has flabbergasted me," said retired officer and Chicago police historian Dave McFarlan. - Chicago Tribune 2010
The New Look for the Corner 2010
the main entrance now is on Addison
Community Room of the new 19th used for police 
and neighborhood association meetings
Redevelopment Plans along Halsted
There was another development planned for the old police property in 2011 that once housed the original Town Hall. While the old police station would be rehabbed a new building along Halsted north of the station was to house 
LGBTQ Senior Living.  It is a development partnership with Heartland Housing Inc., and Center on Halsted. The surrounding buildings - most garages were razed to accommodate the planned new structure for seniors.
Photos of the Demolished Garages
that was once part of the police station
photos - Garry Albrecht
2016 photos - Garry Albrecht
 the rehabbed old entrance to the renovated station house
 the rehabbed interior entrance to old station house
and below old entrance during the rehabbing phase
photo - Heartland Alliance Housing
a photo of the renovated police station via FivePrime below
photos - Heartland Alliance Housing
The 2013 photos below show that demolition of the adjacent  buildings to the old station to be replaced by the first of its kind in the nation senior center for LBGTQ friendly folks
Dedication Day 2014
2014 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
2014 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
2014 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
The Old Town Hall and Senior Center 2014 side by side
image - Bobby McClanhan contributor of
Forgotten Chicago-Facebook 
View this YouTube video on this innovative facility
 The section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
Most of the neighborhood of Lake View 
is represented by this ward.
The southern border of Lake View is Diversey Parkway.
 The section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
The border of this ward in relationship to the neighborhood of Lake View is a bit gagged. Irving Park Road is the northern border with Lake View while the southern border 
(northern residents of Stratford Place) is Stratford Place. 
View the link above for more details.
  the section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
Ravenswood Avenue is the western border of Lake View
 the section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
Ravenswood Avenue is the western border of Lake View
The Incorporation of Lake View
History of Lake View by Theodore Andreas 
When a number of citizens principally residents of Andersonville and vicinity assembled at the school house which had lately been completed to make arrangements for holding the township election of Lake View; they had unconsciously perhaps commenced to make history for future. IS Shippy was moderator of that meeting John Mauritzen clerk. It was resolved that a election be held April 7 1857 and that $175 be raised for expenses. 
[The principals] bought [a town[ship] record book] June 16 1857 by Robert Edson Supervisor of Lake View Township [for the] price $2.50 and dedicated to the Township Clerk of Lake View Township. The entire ticket [local government] elected in April 1857 was as follows: Robert Edson Supervisor, Conrad Sulzer Assessor, Nicholas Kranz Collector, John Mauritzen Township Clerk, Isaac C Shippey Justice of the Peace, Lewis A Brown Jacob Wolf and Francis Baer Commissioners of Highways, John Rees Constable, John Bugner Overseer of the Poor. The Commissioners of Highways held a meeting and divided the town into two districts No 1 comprising all the territory from the city limits north to Albert Street (Graceland Avenue)[Irving Park Road] and No 2 everything between Graceland Avenue and the northern line of the township [Devon Avenue]. The next year James H Rees was elected Supervisor and continued to hold that position until after the town[ship] was incorporated. The township of Lake View was organized under its charter in February 1865. The act was approved by Governor Oglesby on the 16th of that month. (That year a host of candidates campaigned for the offices mentioned above under their new charter.)" - Theodore Andreas 1884
While the township government was not incorporated until 1865, the organization of the township before that in 1857. I will use the organizational date as the beginning date for the township. The township tenure was from 1857 to 1887. In mid 1887 the charter of Lake View changed once again to a city type government with 7 wards once former township districts. Apparently, the majority of the wards were located south of Graceland (Irving Park Road) Avenue. 
Read my post on the City of Lake View 1887-9 with this link.
Growth Maps of the Chicagoland Area
Growth Map 1860
The Township of Lake View was established in 1857 indicated by the brown dot north of the then existing City of Chicago. The Township of Lake View would in time consisted of seven township districts (like city wards).
Growth Map 1880
This map highlights the City of Chicago before it double its size by the annexation of several surrounding townships that included the City of Lake View in 1889. In 1887 the township charted changed by election to a city form of government. Fullerton Avenue was the northern border that separated the City of Lake View from the City of Chicago by annexation. The larger brown dot north of the border represents the subdivisions of Pine Grove and Wright Grove in what would be regarded as community of Lake View East in the 20th century. The small brown dots probably represents the old communities of Ravenswood & Andersonville. The red blob indicates the area that was destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The fire would fail to spread north of Fullerton Avenue but not saving the residents of the township worry.
Lake View within Chicago Wards
Growth Map 1890 
(after the annexation of the City of Lake View in 1889)
with a listing of individual ward map

Most of the City of Lake View became the 25th & 26th wards of the City of Chicago after the annexation of 1889
The Polling Stations in 1902
(pre1909 addresses)
Points of Interest in the 
District of Lake View in 1900
now the 25th & 26th wards of Chicago
The first alderman for the 25th ward that represented the newly annex community/district of eastern Lake View was a the former president of the Lake View Township's Board of Education,  Austin Sexton Oliver.
The first alderman for the 26th ward that represented the newly annex community/district of western Lake View was a successful real estate businessman named Bernard Weber
Each alderman served a two year term. 
& New Wards planned in 1907
Charles M. Thompson, candidate for alderman 
of the 25th ward on the campaign trail in 1908
(not related to Mayor Big Bill Thompson)
photos - Chicago Daily News Archives
 Growth Map 1910

with a listing of individual ward map

While the city population may have grown both wards 
would stay the same in 1910.
Mayor Big Bill Thompson in 1915 primaries
A resident of the then 25th and then the 23rd wards was elected mayor for three terms. This photo is of him and his wife voting at their local polling station - an unknown location 
photo - Chicago Daily News Archives
 Growth Map 1920
Ward Map 1920
with a listing of individual ward map

The growth in Chicago and the north-side continued as the original wards of the District of Lake View separated into four wards - 26th, 25th, 24th, and the 23th. As a general rule as the city population grew so did the number of wards.
This 1920 article mentions the large population in the 25th ward in the District of Lake View 
(click on article to enlarge)
Mayor Thompson voting in the 23th ward in 1928
photo - Chicago Museum via Daily News Archives
This 1928 article below highlights the misrepresentation of population from one ward to another.
Growth Map 1930
The annexation of territory continues with the add of the new areas of Mt. Greenwood, Beverly, and Morgan Park
 on the southwest side.
Ward Map 1930
with a listing of individual ward map
The growth & representation maps are appearing more recognizable with the formation of the 44th & 46th wards. By 1930 Chicago adopts the concept of official community areas or neighborhoods leaving old township and City of Lake View communities like Andersonville & Ravenswood split into new neighborhood names and wards. Old Ravenswood suffers the biggest lose of representation as an old community. Lake View & North Central as well as Lincoln Square share the old community. The official neighborhood of Lake View is now represented by the 44th, 45th, 46th, 47th, and 48th wards.  
This 1930 article below tells a tale of further misrepresentation from one ward to another 
Growth Map 1940
Growth slows during the turbulent years 
of the Great Depression changing the fabric of all communities in Chicago for decades.
Ward Map 1940
(the last of this series of these maps)

Wards stay relatively the same as the 1930 ward map. While the number of wards relatively stay the same in Old Lake View the borders of the wards due flux mostly due to politics.
March 1947
Chicago Daily News
(no maps available for this year)
1950 Suffers from misrepresentation still!
Growth Map 1960
A Growth & Wards Map
image - DNAinfo
These maps highlight how the north-side of the city changed very little but how the other areas of the city changed to suit the political needs of the time - some call it gerrymandering
A federal census dictates the size and location of a particular ward. Within two years of the last census a city ward map is drawn and then approved the alderman of the City Council.
Old Lake View is currently represented 
by 44th, 46th, 47th, & 32nd wards 2010's
Also, view the 2015 vs 2005 approved interactive ward map by the Chicago Tribune.
A Ward Boss of the Day:
Alderman Charlie Weber
along with ownership of a local newspaper 
business(es) owner and ward boss
grandstanding near St. Alphonsus Catholic Church
"Charlie’s 'duchy' took in much of the old German neighborhood along Lincoln Avenue. His headquarters was a 'bierstube' next to St. Alphonsus Church. He had a mania for keeping the ward clean.  Besides the regular city crews, Charlie hired his own fleet of street sweepers. He also had a snow plow and a leaf-burner hauled around by a vintage Rolls Royce. But that was grown-up stuff. What impressed me most–and impressed every kid within fifty miles–was that Charlie owned a piece of the Riverview Amusement Park. Each summer there’d be a “Charlie Weber Kids Day” where we were given the run of the place. Charlie himself used to walk through the crowds and pass out silver dollars." - see link above for more of this story. 
The Character of the Man in 1948
 page 2
Owner of lot of Property in 1948
 ... and that park mentioned above ...
was not an official park
 just something he self-proclaimed 
a 1950's advertisement below
A Typical Day 1956
clean neighborhood is a happy one ... sorta
According to a publication called 'Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View' by newspaper columnist Patrick Butler, Charles Weber was a colorful person and self made
politician-ward boss of the then 45th ward (then part of Lake View). He owned real estate, insurance agencies, ice cream parlors, and one of the first local newspapers in the area called the Lake View Independent. He was the first alderman to support owner responsibility for picking up dog droppings on public property. He was alleged to have a secret beer distributorship at 1414 Roscoe Street during the Prohibition.
He owned a row of business on Oakdale & Southport next to St. Alphonsus Church - 1960 photos by Lance Grey below before the Bavarian facade was installed and then later a name change to Zum Deutschen Eck. 
an advertisement in a 1958 Lake View High School yearbook
 He & Wife Found Dead 1960
with a royal send-off
No Riches under the Mattress after  Death
 The History of the Current Wards 
in Lake View
as of 2015 
The 44th Ward
The 44th ward represents most of the neighborhood 
of Lake View except northern and western sections.
(click image below to enlarge)
2002 Ward Map
2012 Ward Map
with a decrease of five precincts
Some Historical Moments of the 44th
 The Issues in 1950
page 2
Parking Issues in 1955
page 2 
Resident Demands for the More Police Action in 1958
The State of Affairs in 1960
page 2 
A Zoning Issue in 1961
at Belmont & Barry
Republican Contenders in 1963
 page 2
An Independent vs The Machine in 1969
Dick Simpson:
 Maverick & Political Innovator in 1971 
Dick Simpson was regarded an independent alderman who believed all power belonged with the people 
and he was their voice & advocate
State of Affairs of Two Wards 
particular the 44th in 1986
(click image below to enlarge)
segment 2

 segment 3
segment 4
Bernie Hansen was elected alderman in 1983 - 2002. After a close race with a gay activist Alderman Hansen adopted a gay-friendly approach to local ward affairs and championed the Civil Rights ordinance in the city council. After is resignation in 2002 another openly gay candidate,Tom Tunney, was appointed by the then Mayor Daley II.
Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election
video - ABC Eye Witness News
the candidates of the 44th
The current 44th ward alderman, Tom Tunney has battled the owners of the Chicago Cubs and Wrigley Field ever since the renovation of the baseball park began four years ago in 2014. Apparently, the ballpark owners - the Ricketts Family wants his removal in 2019
The 46th Ward 
Includes a southern lakefront section of Lake View
(click image below to enlarge)
with a loss of five precincts
the gagged border to the south that borders the 44th
a more zoomed look
(link on map to enlarge)
the most southern border is Stratford Place. 
The residents of that block both share the attention of the alderman of the 46th and the 44th. 
I lived on that block for 16 years and knew both.
By the way, both alderman are openly gay.
Some Historical Moments of the 46th
A Ward Election in 1946 

 page 2
 Fifty Years in Politics as of 1960
(click on above image to enlarge)
  Public Housing Approved in 1972
(click image below to enlarge)
Avant-Garde Candidate in 1975  
(click on above image to enlarge)
Axelrod vs Schiller 1978 
(click on the image to enlarge)
Ralph Axelrod Wins in 1978
 Quigley vs Schiller in 1990
Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election
one note - Graceland West is part of the 44th not 46th ward
The 32nd Ward
Includes a respectful chunk of southwestern Lake View
(click image below to enlarge)
  2002 ward map for the 2005 ward election
 2012 ward map 
with loss of nine precincts
basically it's a box from Racine to Ravenswood East Avenue and then Belmont to Diversey Parkway
Some Historical Moments for the 32nd
(click on above image to enlarge)

Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election
The 47th Ward
Includes the communities of West Graceland 
(click on above image to enlarge)
the northern part of the ward 
and below the southern part of the ward
Lake View borders this ward from Clark Street west to Ravenswood Avenue East, Montrose to Irving Park Road
Some Moments of the 47th Ward
Citizens Organize in 1947
Neighborhood Changes in 1950
 page 2
Candidates & Hoellen's Political Dynasty in 1955
Hoellen is the Last of the Republicans in 1974
The Machine Strategy According the Hoellen in 1975
A Young'en in the Council as of 1990

 page 2
Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election

Post Notes
Read more about the Chicago politics from a choose selection of books from NPR.

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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