March 24, 2012

Ferris Wheel Park

The Neighborhood
Amusement Park
District of Lake View 
painting by Armando Pedroso
Some Background
In 1890, the U.S. Congress decided that the celebration of the 400th anniversary of Columbus' discovery of America should be located in Chicago, and accordingly, on April 9, the State of Illinois licensed the corporation known as the World's Columbian Exposition to prepare for this grand event.
The Corporation's directors, in October, 1890, appointed the rising architect,

Daniel H. Burnham, Construction Chief and delegated to him autocratic powers. Burnham, architect of the first skyscrapers was a good bet to score a smashing success, both for the Exposition and for himself. At this early stage, he was chiefly concerned at the lack of participation by America's civil engineers.
Seeking to stir them into action, he arranged to speak before the 'Saturday Afternoon Club', an informal group of architects and engineers who were interested in the Fair. Their gatherings had served as a sort of public opinion poll on many of the architectural and engineering structures of the Exposition.

It was immediately proposed to build a tower 500 feet higher than Eiffel's, but since this would be playing second fiddle to Eiffel's genius, this idea was dismissed. Mere "bigness" was not what was wanted. Something novel, original, daring and unique must be designed and built if American engineers were to retain their prestige and standing.
The assemble of the axle 
- 1893 Chicago Columbia Exposition
photo - Ebay
The view at the top - Man on Five
(Click to enlarge)
The dimensions - The Man of Five
"Seated in the audience was a tall, slight young engineer with a pale, resolute face. This was George Washington Gale Ferris, at that time the senior partner in a firm specializing in building steel bridges. Thirty-two years old, he had been educated at the California Military Academy and Rensseler Polytechnic Institute, where he received an engineering degree in 1881. For several years, he had worked on railroads and mining ventures and was one of the first to make a profession of testing materials and structures.
The popular story is that Ferris designed the wheel while at dinner with friends in a Chicago restaurant and that it was built without a change being made to this original sketch. There is some evidence, however, that he had designed the Wheel five or six years prior to the Exposition and it is possible that he chose a quiet moment after dinner to reveal these plans.
Ferris decided that this was the proper time and the opportunity he had been looking for to build his Great Wheel and he set about this monumental task."
According to the Chicago Tribune - 1893
And Then the Move to the
 District of Lake View 
double fold 1906 postcard - from my collection
zoomed view of above postcard 
photo - Chuckman Collection
What the neighborhood look like during the time of 
Ferris Wheel Park. Seminary Place was located west & perpendicular to this park, west of Clark Street
Seminary Place = Drummond Place
This 1894 Sanborn Map highlights the pre-construction site of the park - lot #2
Calumet 412 documented an amazing footage of the Ferris Wheel at Clark Street and Wrightwood Avenue, 1896. The vantage point in this short film is looking from the southwest corner of Wrightwood, northeast across Clark Street after having been moved from the grounds of the Colombian Exposition of 1893. This short movie filmed and directed by the Lumiere Brothers, is among the first film ever shot in Chicago. With this link is a stand-alone view of the film.
 
photos from 'storeyofchicago'
Review the photo towards the top of this post from Man on Five of the 'view' and imagine the view of the District of Lake View from Wrightwood and Clark streets.

photo - Ebay
It stood 264 feet tall and took 20 minutes for the 36 luxury cars to make one revolution
Diversey Beach with Ferris Wheel in the distance
to give you an idea the high of wheel
1904 postcard - Chuckman Collection
View southeast corner of Clark Street 
at Diversey Avenue (Parkway)
photo - Man on Five
 Streetcar on the move via Clark Street heading toward away from the car-barn (garage)
View one of the first movies filmed in America of the
 Ferris Wheel along Clark Street @ Wrightwood Avenue

 1894 Sanborn Fire Map 
This map shows the streetcar garages called carbarns
that were located between Clark Street and Orchard that flank the park for easy access to the park from Chicago. The owner of the park was also the owner of the carbarns and many public transportation routes in Chicago.
A Past and Present View
 Bill Epcke via Forgotten Chicago on Facebook 
Google Map east view from Drummond Place
Brian Wolf via Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
with a cool fade-out animation by Brad Cornelius  
According to a Forgotten Chicago contributor on Facebook, David Zornig, believes “just north of Wrightwood, there are still some odd shaped lots behind the old post office and the small hotel that used to be a movie theater; hence the odd driveway to the right of the hotel entrance. I believe that driveway was the lobby entrance. There's a picture of it on Cinema Treasures, but I don't recall the theater name. To the South of the current McDonald's, was the Playdium bowling alley that was there until the `70's. My grandfather sanded the lanes there. One could see from the McDonald's lot North, that there was a large enough strip of lots behind Clark St. storefronts, to accommodate something that size.” - 2012 testimony.
The Wheels' Planned Location in 1894
According to the authors of Northsiders: Essays on the history and culture of the Chicago Cubs (page 17) the residents of a subdivision of Pine Grove (northern Lakeview East ) voted in 1894 against a new trolley line along Evanston Avenue (Broadway) hence ending the opportunity of the ferris wheel to be located north of Belmont Avenue (exact location unknown). Chicago Tribune in 1894 indicated that the community of “Lake View would become a great amusement park area of the city”. 
Ferris Wheel Park was established in 1896 in the area south of Belmont on the corner area of Clark and (Sherman) Drummond in the new District of Lake View-Chicago.
Shortly after, and with vocal citizen opposition from a newly formed civic group called the Improvement and Protection Organization (IPO) the owners of the new park had to file for bankruptcy in 1900 due to lack of local community support and general citywide patronage. The lack of support of the park was due to its location within a residential subdivision and the residents of this new annex area were not fans of the owner of the park - Mr. Yerkes who owned the Chicago Electric Street Railway - owned and  operated streetcars on Evanston (Broadway) Avenue and Clark Street. Mr. Yerkes manage to extend his Clark Street operation to the end of the line on Drummond Avenue exclusively for this Ferris Wheel Park.
Transportation Industrialist Charles Yerkes
Mr. Yerkes owned the park and the transportation rails to his park - the end of the line from Chicago, at the time.
For years, Mr. Yerkes tried to circumvent property owners by trying through city governmental agencies to acquire property for his company without due process and succeed for a few more years with his creation until 1903-4.
In other words, he was trying to create a Great America in a middle of a urban residential street.
Construction or re-construction photo - not sure
The 'Wheel' was sold to the City of St. Louis by 1904 for their own amusement park that also failed.  As a side note, the man who owned the rights to the park, Charles Tyson Yerkes - the owner of the North West Rail Company that controlled transportation in the city at the time apparently skipped town by 1911 leaving his rail company to flounder and his dream park a distant memory. By 1906, the world famous carriage wheel was sold for scrap.
The 1895 re-assembly of the Ferris Wheel @ its new location along Clark Street & Wrightwood Avenue
Chicago History Museum
another view near Clark Street - 1899 
Man on Five
image - 'Challenging Chicago' by Perry Duis & 
donated Jackie Arreguin
View a vintage reel feed 
of the amusement park along Wrightwood & Clark
from YouTube via DNAinfo

images - Art Institute of Chicago 
Another season opener 1896
(click on article to enlarge)
Troubles in the Park 1896 
View from Pine Grove 
& Wrightwood Avenues of the dis-assemble
From content developer of Living History of Illinois and Chicago on Facebook, Neil Gale via Lee Bey of WBEZ
photo - Paul Petraitis, Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
In 1902 Another Possible Relocation

The Ferris Wheel found a home 
but not for long in 1906  

It's new home in the City of St. Louis 
photo via Shahrdad Khokamoradi via
Picture of Chicago-Faceook 
It's Demise in 1906
photo - Glen Miller, Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
2013 The City of Chicago TV produced a video of the current Ferris Wheel at Navy Pier. Check it out!
2015 The newer Ferris Wheel will be larger than the second one but not as large as the first. Read more with this link.
Andy Kowalczyk, contributor to Forgotten Chicago-Facebook mentioned that “It is regularly claimed that Dunns Bridge over the Kankakee River in Indiana was constructed from remnants of the ferris wheel” per his source Wikipedia. But according to Shahrdad Khodamoradi, a contributor to Forgotten Chicago-Facebook, “I think the bridge made of parts of the wheel is a myth. There are no reports of the wheel being carefully dismantled and repurposed. All accounts say it was dynamited in Forest Park and the axle buried there, as it was too heavy to move easily or cheaply.”

Post Notes: 

On the west side of Western Avenue @ Belmont was the iconic Riverview Park. Western Avenue was the western border of Old (township,city, District of) Lake View so not part of my blog but here is a good summary + vintage photos from a Forgotten Chicago on Facebook contributor, Glenn Miller. Also, a YouTube memory by WGN. Read the commentary from Forgotten Chicago on Facebook about this park.


Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

January 28, 2012

The Land & Real Estate

Building on Land
The history of 'building on land' goes hand and hand with the implementation of zoning. Below are two links that may help you understand the concept of zoning in Chicago, always an interesting topic of conversation for anyone particularly for the neighborhood associations 
and block groups in the city along with a 
Lake View since 2016 by Chicago Cityscape.
The Halsted Flats on Halsted Street 
Population Growth Maps
before westward expansion
... 27 years before the formation 
of Lake View Township ...
A landscape transformed
... 11 years after the annexation of the City of Lake View 
by the City of Chicago 
 the suburban explosion 
... 20 years after the creation of official city neighborhoods
 the region under pressure
growth with a new planned developmental concepts 
the impending threat: the risks ahead
The Chicago Plan of 1909
Daniel Burnham is best known for his admonition to “make no little plans.” He studied the great cities of the world and developed an approach to urban planning that was distinctive in being comprehensive, systematic and regional. Language from the 1909 Plan provides principles that continue to guide planning and development in the Chicago region today.
The Estates of Lake View Township
by Everett Chamberlin 1874
Property along the lake shore within a mile of the park [Lincoln Park] is worth $100 per foot. North of the park values range from $75 to $45 per foot according to its distance from the city. The principal owners are Messrs. B.F. Culver, W.K. Nixon, Maj. Goodwin, S.B. Chase, J.H. Rees, J.V. Le Moyne, Hubbard Boyden, J.B. Walker, H.G. Spafford, F. Tyler, and others. A majority of these owners are holding surplus land for certain increase (investment). The text and images below are from 'Chicago and It's Suburbs' by Everett Chamberlin.
The Owners:
Daniel Goodman
Major Daniel Goodwin owns near the Marine Hospital [between Montrose & Irving Park Road along the lakefront] a beautiful home of 6 acres of tastefully 
ornamented grounds surrounding it. 
He purchased the grounds in 1871 for $30,000.
[The first resident] Mr B F Culver has done at least as much as any other party for the development of the town. He first purchased a tract of ten acres in 1866 paying $600 for it and ten acres in the following year paying $1,500 per acre. These two pieces of property lie between Wellington Street, Barry Avenue, the Evanston 'dummy' Road, and Lake View Avenue and sell now at $125 per front foot. In 1668 he bought property in Baker's subdivision at $20 per foot which has increased to $100 per foot. The property known as Culver's Lake Front Addition was bought in 1870 at $6,000 per acre. It now sells at $100 per foot. Mr Culver built the beautiful Italian villa and later sold it to Hon. Frank W Palmer. Mr Culver has spent much of his time and expended large sums of money for the benefit of the locality and deserves the prominent mention given above. This is located on Barry Avenue and was erected at an expense of $24,000. It is full two stories and attic story in height of a very handsome design both outside and in. The main entrance on the south side of the dwelling is massive and ornamented with a handsome lower at the west side of it which extends above the roof and culminates in a large & tastefully finished observatory. The bay features seen at the west end are among the most attractive arrangements about this building & afford a view to the north/south & west of the elaborately adorned and extensive grounds about. The interior of the house is elegantly finished in hard woods & arranged with symmetry and taste. 
W.C. Goudy
The residence of Mr Goudy is in Wrightwood [Avenue] fronting on Green Bay Road, an extension of Clark Street just north of Fullerton avenue, to the limit of the city [of Chicago]. The house was erected in 1865 at an expense of more than $20,000 and the ground with the present improvement is now worth $50,000. It stands on a beautiful ridge so that the basement story is above the surface of the ground in the rear and the main entrance is only two or three steps above it in front. The style of architecture is exhibited by the engraving. The grounds are ornamented with shrubbery, flowers and fountains and covered with native trees. The front proper is upon Green Bay Road but opposite is a front with a large veranda overlooking Lincoln Park [the park itself] and Lake Michigan furnishing an unobstructed and magnificent view from every window. There is no place combining better the advantages of city and country[side] than this spot. 
J.B. Waller
Mr. J.B. Waller owns 53 acres of improved property worth. 
The house is a very large one of a very substantial build and looks like the fine old mansions to be seen in long settled districts. The reader can judge of the liberal outlay needed to build such a house and adorn the grounds about it by a glance. The cupola commands a view of Lake Michigan and a large radius of country around [near the future St. Mary of the Lake]. The material of the house is brick. The interior is elaborately finished in hardwood and its fine apartments are spacious pleasant and comfortable. The cost of the structure was about $75,000.
J.A. Huck
The spacious grounds surrounding Mr Huck's house compare favorably with the best planned of those before mentioned in this article. They front 500 feet on Fullerton 
Avenue and extend south on Clark Street 600 feet. Although the outside of the house is of plain and simple architecture there are few dwellings more comfortably arranged inside. The first floor is devoted to parlors, dining room, family sleeping apartments, and kitchen The second floor contains a large chamber parlor and several sleeping rooms with all modern appliances and improvements. The site is valued at $225,000. Mr Huck owns also a fine tract of twenty acres adjoining Ravenswood [Avenue] in Lake View [Township] and has sown it to grass, a preparation for subdivision, and sale in lots and blocks next spring. 
S.B. Chase
The dwelling of Mr. S.B. Chase of [company] Chase Brothers the abstract men is modest but attractive villa shown. It stands in a 10 acre lot the north side of Belden Avenue between the 'dummy road' [Evanston Avenue] (Broadway) and the lake. Value of the house and improvements is about $1800 and the ground for Mr Chase paid only $70 per acre less than twenty years ago. Indeed some west of his present homestead of which Mr Chase disposed at the rate of $12 per acre was bought by him in 1852 as low as $50 per acre.
Horatio G. Spafford
Mr Spatford's cottage home is located on a triangular lot containing five acres in one of the most attractive spots in Lake View [Township]. The lot is bounded by Evanston [Avenue] (Broadway) on the west Halsted Street, Graceland Avenue (Irving Park Road) on the south. Just across Halsted Street is the site of the U.S. Marine Hospital and on the south are the grounds owned by S.H. Kerfoot both of which are noticed elsewhere. So that on the south and east an extensive and beautiful lawn prospect stretches instead of a view blocked by rows of buildings. Mr. Spafford has improved his home site in a very artistic manner with a large outlay. His homestead is worth $7500.
Mr. S.H. Kerfoot 
(no llustration provided)
For many years prominently identified with the real estate business owns about seventy acres near the Marine Hospital [between Montrose and Irving Park Road along the lakeshore]. He purchased the tract in 1853 paying $100 per acre. He began making improvements at that time and has continued them ever since until now the land is worth on the lake shore from $100 to $150 per foot and elsewhere its value ranges from $40 to $70 per foot. He has improved so many of his blocks by planting extra trees in regular order opening up & grading and graveling walks & drives in various other ways beautifying them that it is hard to tell which he calls his home. At present he occupies a very tastefully arranged cottage on a block of nine acres highly ornamented but his plans for his permanent dwelling on his large and exquisite grounds extending to the lake shore promise a homestead and surroundings unequaled in the vicinity of Chicago. Some of the single blocks in Mr. Kerfoot's interest are worth $125,000.
Kerfoot's Garden
by 'Constructing Chicago'
The Forgotten Houses of Lake View
from a pdf called Daniel O'Hill Preliminary Summary

Map History of Property Values
Social Scientist Maps
Property values of the area that would be called Lake View Township before major development in the area. Lake View Township was incorporated in 1857 until 1887 and the City of Lake View from 1887-1889. Check out this 1870 Van Vechten map of Cook County (zoom) and discover who owned lots of property. Some names will be recognizable like the first mayor of the City of Chicago W.B. Ogden. If first look at the Van Vechten map and then map below for Mr. Ogden's property values - about $1.25 - $2 bucks per square mile. Another early landowner according to a publication called Lake View Saga 1847-1985 was ...
image - University of Chicago Library
Land values before the formation of the township
between Belmont and Fullerton Avenues along the lakefront tripled from 1868 to 1872 particularly along Wellington and Barry Avenues selling $125 per sq. mile.
The below Chicago Tribune article is about the transfer of property and real estate within the Township of Lake View in 1882
 Three years after the township/city annexation 
 by the City of Chicago
1892 map
 Property values of the area that would that was once called Lake View Township/City 
1928 map


A Growth Timeline:
 the years as a Township, City, District, and Neighborhood 
1857-1933


Gross Park Area of Lake View
with this link to the 
Gross Point on Henderson-Facebook 
advertisement for cottage-style houses
1896 assessment letter
Gross Ave. now Ravenswood West Avenue
Homer Ave. not Henderson Avenue 
image - 'Lake View' by Matthew Nickerson
  image - 'Lake View' by Matthew Nickerson
 images - 'Lake View' by Matthew Nickerson 
 
advertisement 1887-89 when Lake View was a city in Illinois
Decades Years Later
The 1920's were boom years for old Lake View 
per this 1927 Chicago Tribune article
Type of Housing in Chicago 
by Moss Design via CityScape
written by Della Hansmann
This type of dwelling design is a staple of our neighborhood. This design consists of stacked apartment units with matching plans the Greystone multi-flat unit is easy to construction and replicate. Small variations in the facade make each unit seem unique but the same building methods could be used over and over again – much to the builder’s convenience. Further, by stacking several units, and placing the access door behind a shared porch, the multi-flat units were hard to distinguish from a larger single-family home.  A street of two and three story Greystones give an impressive sense of density, cohesiveness and even grandeur that a street of smaller individual cottages or larger apartment blocks don’t have.
A standard bearer in the north-side particularly in our neighborhood this type of dwelling-form ensures that, regardless of who owned or built on the adjacent properties, this assembly of units will always have a little patch of green space in their tiny interior court.  What’s more they all have access (both to airflow and view and for physical exits) to both the interior court side of the building and the exterior with its tiny porch/fire stair exits. Read more about this design form from Moss Designs from the above link that include great illustrations! Read more from Moss Designs - above link that include great illustrations! 
Four Plus One apartments are often described as exploiting a loophole in the zoning code.  Its more accurate to say that they were simply a residential building type which was allowed by the Chicago code … until it was actively dis-allowed in 1971 a city council measure requiring that all developers provide one parking spot per dwelling unit in zones R4 and higher.The original code allowed for residential buildings no higher than four floors to be constructed with masonry exterior walls and wood interior framing in Zones R-5 and above. Read more from Moss Designs - above link that include great illustrations! 
Although this classification is about the downtown area then our neighborhood we do have a structure on Waveland Avenue that we can called a 'scaper' - The New York
Read more from Moss Designs from the above link that include great illustrations! 
The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 barely touched the old Township of Lake View. Several factors played into the fact; one was the weather but also the sparseness of buildings north of Fullerton Avenue –the northern border with Chicago. These tiny buildings were built as short-term shelter solutions immediately after the fire, these modest homes originally featured pretty much just … exterior walls and a roof. More than five thousand were built in one month to house families without homes through that first winter of 1871. Due to the size of the structure and township building codes at the time (wood dwellings were still allowed) these types of buildings may not been the dwelling of choice by the township residents. Read more about this type of building design from Moss Designs from the above link that include great illustrations! 
While mostly located in other locations then in Lake View bungalows are regarded as modest single family homes, with full basement, first floor and slant-ceilinged attic above.  They are caped by low pitched roof with overhanging eves and entered through a front door off to one side, next to a wide bay of living room windows.   The Chicago bungalow is brick faced, with decorative stone trim and wooden (sometimes leaded glass) windows. Read more from Moss Designs from the above link that includes great illustrations! 

The Tale of the Two-Flat
by Curious City - WBEZ
1927 Lake View Assessments
1937 Lake View East Assessments 
This area remained affluent during the depression years
1939
The First city in the Country to Survey land use
with the 1942 results
Rent Control Ends 1953
 
Public Housing  became a factor in determining the value for properties during and after Great Depression of 1929. Factories had failed and never replaced. For an example, Julia C. Lathrop Homes replaced the International Harvester manufacturing plant resulting in loss of thousands of jobs but a low income solution to housing for unemployed and the working poor.
This map & table reflect public housing during the periods between 1935 and 1946

A New Concept: Planned Development

This 1942 map and legend above reflect areas created by city administrators who believed in 'planned development' by locating selected areas of future development.
Planned development is a means of 'land regulation' which promotes large scale, unified land development by means of mid-range, realistic programs in chase of physically curable, social and economic deficiencies in land use.
Where appropriate, this planned development should control and promote the following:
1) A mixture of both land uses and dwelling types with at least one of the land uses being regional in nature.
2) The clustering of residential land uses providing public and common open space.
 3) Increased administrative discretion to a local professional planning staff while setting aside present land use regulations and rigid plat approval processes.
4) The enhancement of the bargaining process between the developer and government municipalities which in turn strengthens the municipality’s site plan review and control over development for potentially increased profits due to land efficiency, multiple land uses, and increased residential densities.
Note: For more information about residential land use as of 1942 view with this link. Click on the image to turn the page.
Another Concern
Vacant Dwellings and Mortgage Risk Areas
1934 map and table
During the Great Depression years the northwest section of Diversey Parkway and Sheridan Road was occupied by homeless folks who lived in paper tar shacks.
1938 Depression Era Mortgage Risk 
 I'm assuming A is better then B
Another Concern ...
Vacant Land as of 1945
(click on map to enlarge)
New Housing Plans as of 1945
(click on map to enlarge)
Chicago Housing Styles
from Chicago Cityscape 
by steven@chicagocityscape (edited)
Chicago has several building styles that included worker's cottages, bungalowsgreystones, and two flats. Most are single-family homes, while others are multi-family homes. They comprise a considerable amount of the city's housing stock, particularly in certain neighborhoods, and yet not much attention is given to them because they are such ordinary, modest structures. This 2015 map link illustrates the new construction (green), renovation (purple), & demolition (red) of two story masonry residences in Chicago. The data comes from permits filed between January 1 2006 and August 29 2015. Due to inconsistencies in permit reporting, this is not a complete picture of all activity, but more of a broad introduction to building and demolition trends. Some of
these buildings are over 100 years old. Some are brand new. 35 are being deconverted from multi-family to single family. Others have been demolished to make room for larger, sometimes denser housing. There are many ways to study them. Click on the map to read details about each property. 
The Mansions
and the former Hull House-Lake View
and currently Lake View Athletic Club
Smaller parcels of property would be replaced by 4+1's while larger parcels of property that housed former mansions & beer gardens (Bismarck Gardens) would be replaced by modern & just as grander in scope dwellings. Some vintage houses would survive the pressures of new planned developments such as the G.W. Maher House on Stratford Place or was recycled such as Lake View Athletic Club building on Broadway. In the last two decades some of these buildings have become condos while others have been purchased by rental companies that completely rehab the interiors while maintaining its 4+1 design concept.  
 The Stout Estate prior to 1959
photo contribution - Robert Zamora
The property replacement
The Growth of Subdivisions
The creation of a subdivision was often the first step toward the creation of a new incorporated township or town. Contemporary notions of subdivisions rely on the 
Lot and Block survey system, which became widely used in the 19th century as a means of addressing the expansion of cities from surrounding farmland.
While this method of property identification was useful for purposes of conveyancing, it did not address the overall impacts of expansion and the need for a comprehensive approach to planning communities.
This following section reflect the evolution of population growth and development. The University of Chicago researchers called shaded areas in these maps below as subdivisions.
Land Occupied by Dwellings  
1857 to 1933

 
1844 - 1860
Note: Lake View Township were incorporated by 1857.
1863-1879
The Town of Lake View (incorporated in 1865) was within the Township of Lake View
1880-1929
Lake View Township/City were annex by the City of Chicago in 1889 as well many other township west and south. The City of Chicago doubled its' territory in 1889 and its' value as a city.
This interactive map highlights the real estate status of jour neighborhood during the Great Depression years.
Paying the Tax Man
This March 1889 letter was issued when Lake View was still a city. Later that year the City of Lake View was annexed by the City of Chicago.
photos - Ebay 
Property values are still assessed under the old township name 
an unpopular form of taxation even back in 1895
sample of a 1896 tax bill - Ebay
 sent to a resident on 1753 Robey (3200 block of Fremont)
from an assessors office at 622 (2701) Lincoln Avenue 
Assessments 1937 
that included 'founders of Montgomery Wards' and 
Miss Katie Buckingham - Buckingham Fountain
column 2
column 3 
Vintage Developments 
photo - Ebay
Sheridan Road was renamed (inner) Lake Shore Drive
from Belmont to Grace in 1931
The Commodore & Green Brier
once known as the Lessing (Flats) Apartments
and across the street on Surf Street - the Lessing Annex
postcard image - Chuckman Collection
entrance to the Commodore Apartments
photo - Curbed Chicago
Green Brier Apartments across the street on Surf Street
Bobby Binner via Pictures of Chicago-Facebook 
 
The Lessing Flats in 1913
 The Lessing Flats in 1916

Apparently Refitted for the Veterans of WWII IN 1942 



Saving the Buildings in 1984 



 Sheridan Road Developments


According to Susan Reibman Groff this building featured by the Art Institute in its 1989-90 calendar. Described by architect Peter J. Weber as “the building which solves the servant problem” because it provided rooms and baths on the first floor for chauffeurs and butlers. Additional quarters for “help” were in a roof-story added at the west end of the building. The French Neo-Classical facade is Bedford stone. The north carriage entrance on the right has a porte-cochère.
 
photo - Jim Martin

 photo - Jim Martin
above pre-1920 / 1918-19 below photo(s) - Jim Martin



(originally 1847 Wellington)
George Rounsavell Residence
 image - Art Institute of Chicago
534 W Wellington Avenue
Herman Arnold Residence
 3 images - Art Institute of Chicago

339 W Wellington Avenue
Mrs. Montgomery Ward Residence
 built in 1915
alternations in 1925 
 all images - Art Institute of Chicago

The Barry Apartments 1925
image - Ebay
3520-3524 N Sheridan Road (inner LSD) built in 1924
Image - Art Institute of Chicago

 
Sheridan Road and Grace Street 1923
across the street from
Sheridan Road and Grace Street 1926

Sheridan Road and Aldine Avenue 1926

image of the building in the article
vs the building next door - both Tudor Gothic in design 
 
637-41 Aldine Avenue
424-30 Briar Place
433-37 Briar Place

 page 2

 
3240 N Sheridan Road (inner LSD)
3318 N Sheridan Road (inner LSD)
 
Financing 422-25 Melrose Street
 


The Estate on Barry Avenue
between Sheridan Road & Lake Shore Drive
A Highrise Replaces the Mansion in 1962


3470 Lake Shore Drive
28 story condo building 
replaces a 3 story mansion in 1967
(6 articles)
 ...a woman's touch?
(click to enlarge)
... modern living in 1967
... advertising a condo at  
'Festival Home' #67
 ...no need for a doorman
.... and once had a single family home/mansion on the same property that was owned by
Raymond D. Lay on what was once called Sheridan Road
428 W Wellington Avenue
 2007 view - Google Maps
with a plan of the apartments in 1960

New High Rise at 3950 in 1955
... vandalism in 1978
(click to enlarge)
Hawthorne House
For decades this property's only occupant were billboards.
but in 1965 and the last high-rise rental on inner LSD
A 1963 advertisement
3150 North Lake Shore Drive
The 336 Wellington Avenue






Those 4+1's
by Living History of Illinois & Chicago
The simplest definition of a Four Plus One is a five story apartment building where the first floor consists of the lobby and a parking lot. It is often cited as a building type that is unique to Chicago. Most of these buildings were constructed during the 1960's to solve the problem of over-crowding due to urban renewal, particularly from the Lincoln Park area. 
 
 
 
 
... a brochure

445 W Wellington Avenue
 image - 2016 Google Maps
Art Institute of Chicago 1951 floor plans
No More 4+1's Please! - 1968

The Age of the Condo 1970's
3180 N Lake Shore Drive 

  3730-40 N Lake Shore Drive
 
 
3900 N Lake Shore Drive

3150 Lake Shore Drive
... the layout
 floor plan1 & floor plan2
images - Art Institute of Chicago
The Condo Wars ...
525 Hawthorne
to this day remains a rental
Condo Brochures
from the Art Institute of Chicago
525 W Hawthorne Place Brochure
Art Institute of Chicago


 
 

pieces of images - Art Institute of Chicago 1980ish
and still a rental as of 2016

 
 
enlargement- Art Institute of Chicago
 enlargement- Art Institute of Chicago
enlargement- Art Institute of Chicago
... a brochure of it




534 W Stratford Place

photo enlargement - UIC Photographic Images of Change


441 Oakdale Avenue



 
3100 N Lake Shore Drive
Darien Playing Cards

images - Ebay
3900 Lake Shore Drive
3440 Lake Shore Drive 1980
 3950 Lake Shore Drive
... the plans
 
3950 Lake Shore Drive - the largest
3950 Lake Shore Drive - the ground breaking
... home No.102 for sale!

An Evolution of a Street Corner
location ... location ... location
 Lockby Hall
owned by Samuel Chase 
who owned a company that saved the property deeds 
from the Chicago Fire of 1871. 
After the fire his family moved in 1875.

The Lockby Hall was located at Belmont along the existing lakeshore according to this 1894 Sanborn Fire Map
(Belmont Ave not labeled)
Belmont Yacht Harbor was opened to the public by 1913
(Sanborn Fire Map 1923)
(click this 1912 article below to enlarge)
... and its replacement in 1962
The New York
3660 N. Lake Shore Drive
What the landscaped looked like in 1923
3648-3636 Sheridan Road
1923 Sanborn Fire Map above of the area
1950 Sanborn Fire Map below
... the current building in 1987
more on it ... click to enlarge
... there were to be 2 buildings but financing was an issue
 page 2
3400 N Lake Shore Drive
Real Estate Developments:
Residential and Commercial
Along Belmont & Clark Street
The northwest corner
 photo - Lake View Patch
the first rendition for this corner
photo - Curbed Chicago
Approved version of the Belmont-Clark Building 2014
A Target at this location as of 2015 instead of the intersection of Ashland-Belmont-Lincoln.
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
 
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
with more construction pics from Building Up Chicago
age old battle between 'big box' stores & independents
... and the buildings that were razed
photo - DNAinfo
photo - Lake View Patch
photo - DNAinfo
 photo - DNAinfo

  photo - DNAinfo

photo - Lake View Patch


photo - Lake View Patch

   photo - DNAinfo
Same Intersection 
but with Google Maps with a Snip
 Look for this blacken box
that will expanded upon clicking it
Since 2007 Google Maps have a done a great job of saving history with the use a a little known feature I call the 'corner clock'. This Google Map feature is located on the top left side of the computer screen. Click on it and the feature expands into a set of years typically from 2007. Google digitally and typically records the same location each year & sometimes twice a year. If you wish to save let's say an image from 2008 I use another feature called the 'snipping tool' from my computer. The user can find the snipping tool through your 'search' tool from the lower left of your computer. The snipping tool icon looks like a small blue scissors circled in a reddish orange. I save the icon on my tool bar on the bottom of my computer screen. Click on 'new' within the the snipping feature and the background screen will fade and a red border once click on screen  allowing the user the cut any portion of the computer screen wanted. Below are the results of the use of both features of the intersection of Belmont and Clark.
 July 2015 

September 2015

both images - September 2015
with the Alley on the right side of snipped screen
 The Alley: One of the Victims
photo below - a Mark Thomas (owner) business card
page - East Lake View by Matthew Nickerson
Mark Thomas-owner on the right with a devoted employee
'The Alley' did not survive the construction phase 
at this location - moved to Albany Park neighborhood
photos - Yelp
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
waiting to be replaced for another planned development
and once located on Broadway in the late 70's early 80's
above photo - Mark Thomas
below 2005 photo - Wibiti.com
below photo - Mark Thomas
2941 N Clark Street
a former restaurant 
2016 photo - Chicago Cityscape
 2016 transition photo - Google Viewer
... with a new look below

2016 image - Lake View East Chamber of Commerce
The Addison and Clark
Next to the future new and approved Wrigley Field 
Streets Blog Chicago
photos - Yelp
The Lincoln/Ashland/Belmont 
on the corner of Belmont & Ashland
 

November 12, 2015
photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
Target was the second planned development pending approval from the neighborhood community in 2013. Target withdrew its offer after community and store failed to agree to mutual planned development. And then finally to a Whole Foods two years later according to Curbed Chicago.
Check out the design plans for this building with this link as well as this notice for the ground-breaking ceremony
The new store will feature a second-story balcony for outdoor dining, additional indoor street-level dining along Ashland, and a vibrant year-round greenwall adjacent to a park setting on Melrose Street.

since 1994 and expires 2018
with an interactive map of all TIF's in Chicago Cityscape including this one with this link
The origional Rrplacement for the old La Salle Bank
2 possible renditions for Target - Lake View Patch
Target once had a vision for this location but sold the property to another developer.
... gone now
 Follow the developments of this building on Facebook
photo - via Southport Corridor News and Events
The ever changing (Curbed Chicago) planned development  
for this corner continues as of 2015 and full design images  from Southport Corridor News & Events on Facebook the next year. Stay tuned on this one! Check out the specs on the project that needs neighborhood association and alderman approval.
The ever changing design plans of Whole Foods
The neighborhood association recommended this 
rendition in 2015
The former Whole Foods @ 3300 N Ashland Avenue
Once the new mammoth building is built this location will close but to what?? ..... Stay tuned folks!
 
photo - Pierre-Henri L. via Yelp 2013 
photo - Pierre-Henri L. via Yelp 2013
photo - Willem B. via Yelp 2012

photo - Willem B. via Yelp 2012
According to Curb Chicago Target will be the replacement.
The Google Map Views
of Lincoln-Belmont-Ashland Intersection
The Google Map Viewer is great historical tool on the changes to a particular area of real estate or land. The viewer began to record the landscape in 2007.
Below are small jpegs of the corner in 2007 vs 2015
2007 - the old Lake View Trust & Savings building
 2015 - the Whole Foods parcel

2007
2015
 2007
2015 
 2007 - The old Lincoln-Hippodrome Theater
 2015 - The old Lincoln-Hippodrome Theater
 2007
 2015
 2007
 2015
 2007 - old Wieboldt's building in the distance
2015 - old Wieboldt's building in the distance
The New Walgreen's Location
on the corner of Broadway & Clark
but first the removal of part of the building
No more pointy thing ...

above photos - Chicago Racked
2013 photo - Chicago Real Estate
from a Central Savings to Borders and then to a Walgreens
2012 photos above - Lake View Patch
the new building as Walgreens as the occupant
at the pinnacle of Clark Broadway Diversey
2013 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
Ribbon Cutting Ceremony
2013 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook 
before that ...
Walgreen's former location east of Broadway 
with former Borders and Central Savings to the west
where Walgreens is now located
2009 photo - 'Chicagoismyblog'
and before that ....
photo - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
the Central Savings building 
along with a view of Ace Hardware 
that had an entrance both of Broadway and Clark Street
and before that ...
and before that ... 
photo via Kenneth Joesphson from
Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
across the street was second Walgreens that once was located in the Lincoln Plaza complex 
Lincoln Park Plaza complex
2016 photo - Original Positions
... that was before that located in the relatively same exact location but within the mammoth Curtiss Building below
image - Chicago History Museum 
The Curtiss (Candy) Building with Walgreens taking space on Diversey and Broadway 
and the potential future of that corner below
but still no construction date in sight as of 2017
2014 planned development at the former Walgreen's space 
above photos - Curbed Chicago
and just to keep this in perspective
the corner of Clark & Diversey
from photo - Chicago History Today
before and after look
below photo from CBS Chicago/CBS Local
Planned Developments per Street
Along Halsted Street
and
before the hole in the ground ...
a 1950 Sanborn Fire Map

photos above - Center on Halsted
photo below - NewNowNext
Construction Phase 2013
photos - Lake View Patch

the former site of the largest German-American Beer Garden in the city during the dawn of the 20th century ...
The Chicago Out Hotel
A Neighborhood Association said 'NO' 
to a Planned Development on Halsted in 2013
the developer's staff and community meet
photos - Lake View Patch
 the planned development stemmed from the vacant storefront that used to be Mark's Chop Suey
photos - Google Map Viewer
 First rendering of the Chicago Out Hotel
second rendering
 the third rendering failed for the Chicago OUT Hotel 
From 'Auto Laundry' Facility ...
or a car wash 
photo with enlargement 
- Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago
1934 image - The Chicagoan
 2823 N Halsted Street
2940 N Halsted Street
Sappanos Paint and Wallpaper
Original building was constructed in 1928 per Apartable 
2013 photo - DNAinfo with article  
photo - Loopnet
2016 photo - Chicago Real Estate Local
Along Broadway
2014 plan Streets Blog Chicago
The drama about this planned development 
'Lake View Booster' 2012 article 
Ground Breaking Ceremony 2015
photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
 winter 2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
summer 2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
summer 2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
... a Facebook Album
and before that per available Sanborn Fire Maps
in 1950 ...
in 1923 ...
and finally in 1894 ...
The Viridian on Sheridan
from gas station to skyscraper
the gas station on the northeast corner 
is removed from the landscape
photo - Mark Zipperer
renderings - DNAinfo
mid 2017 photo - Garry Albrecht
 photo - BuildingUpChicagoDotCom
 photos - BuildingUpChicagoDotCom
and then south across the street on Broadway ...
planned development 2015 photo - DNAinfo
photo via Chicago Cityscape
 replaced by the development on Sheridan Road
photo - geoview info

 replaced by the development on Broadway
photo - DNAinfo
facade was to be saved & reused as part of the new building
1987 photo -  Equinox27 via Flickr
 

the terra cotta details from Chicago Designslinger
Angela Larson via Facebook 2014 

Betsy Rubin via Facebook 2013
both photos from Mike Butland via Facebook 2016
 via Roderick Reves with my thanks
2017 Google Maps
2017 Google Maps

 2017 Google Maps
mid 2017 photo - Garry Albrecht
mid 2017 photo - Garry Albrecht
photo - BuildingUpChicagoDotCom
photos - BuildingUpChicagoDotCom
Along Paulina Street
2014 photo - Curbed Chicago - Lake View 
 TOD plan Streets Blog Chicago
revised 2015 rendering with more photos
from Curbed Chicago
Along Sheridan Road
photos - DNAinfo

 
 2950 N Sheridan Road
 
photos - via Curb Chicago Lake View
2016 photos - Garry Albrecht
more construction pics from Building Up Chicago


the first rendition - Curbed Chicago
the second rendition - what a change!
This Transit-Oriented Development 
near the Sheridan Red Line 
will replace Hampton Apartments
photo - Chuckman Collection
On the opposite corner....
3900 block of Sheridan Road
more news on this one as it develops
Along Diversey Parkway
538 W Diversey Parkway
2016 photo - Chicago Cityscape
 2016 photo - Lake View East Chamber of Commerce 
first rendition
photo - LoopNet second rendition
506-514 Diversey Parkway
 
images via Lake View Patch
 2016 rendition pdf via Tom Tunney alderman office
2016 rendition pdf via Tom Tunney alderman office
2016 rendition pdf via Tom Tunney alderman office
2017 photo below - John Keating Jr. 
via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
photo - BuildingUpChicagoDotCom
photo - BuildingUpChicagoDotCom
A Hotel Name Evolution
 
2017 from the Days Inn to the Hotel Versey
"The name, Hotel Versey, pays tribute to its original namesake The Diversey Arms, while playfully fusing in a tie to the hotel’s V-shaped structure of its triangular city block, on the highly visible corner of Clark, Broadway, 
and Diversey Parkway." 

and on the opposite corner in Lincoln Park ...
 on the southeast corner of Clark & Diversey
2017 images - Chicago Tribune

plus some vintage images of the same corner below
J.J. Sedelmaier via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook 
and from TrolleyDodger below
Along Lincoln Avenue
Diversey to the right, Lincoln in middle, Racine to the right
This development basically replaces a parking lot
photos - via YoChicago
According to Chicago Cityscape this building will be a new 4 story masonry building commercial on 1st floor and 6 residential unit floors 2nd thru 4th and with roof access stair and elevator with 7 indoor parking spaces as per plans. The Sanborn Fire Map (edit) below highlights the area in 1950.
Along Southport Avenue

 
photos via Southport Corridor News & Events
for more development along Southport visit 
Southport Corridor News & Events
Along Belmont Avenue
photos via Curbed Chicago 
Along Clark Street
Clark & Barry
 Brad H. via Yelp
via Curbed Chicago
via Sports Authority
Jemillex B  via Foursquare 

 via Sports Authority
photo below - Chicago Real Estate Local
 ... the old vs the new look for the corner in 2017
via Curbed Chicago

The Affordable Housing Issue
Affording housing in the City of Chicago has been an issue for more decades. SRO's have been converted to 'market-rate' housing or a small percent of any particular new development that was to be reserved for the poor or seniors. In my blog post called 'Hotels to B&B' I mention how several former apartment-hotels constructed during the early part of the 20th century were by the end of the 20th century in decay while milking the residents with sub-standard buildings.
photo - DNAinfo
In 2014 a private company sold their property in the city due to a change in policy. Seniors in they 80's and 90's were given a timeline to leave. Like the SRO residents the year before these senior residents on Pine Grove and Barry protested. While the 4+1's are to be sold to a private developer the seniors did win some time to move. The photo below was a protest at the Abbott Hotel-SRO in 2014.
In my opinion, Lake View is no longer the place for meaningful affordable housing for the poor or seniors. Below are the buildings once owned the Presbyterian Homes.
photo - Chicago Cityscape
Crowder Place located at 3801 N Pine Grove Avenue
photo - Apartment Home Living
Mulvey Place located at 416 W Barry Avenue
Wrigleyville Developments
this is a link to my post about Wrigleyville that includes the developments at Wrigley Field & on the Addison/Clark
boutique hotel on Clark via DNAinfo
The major planned developments in Wrigleyville is the renovation of Wrigley Field, the mixed-use development just south of the baseball field along Addison Street, and a boutique hotel on Clark Street all mentioned in another post. 
Filling in the Spaces
1725 W Fletcher Street
According to Google Maps there was once a house in this space as of 2007. In 2011 this space became a side-yard for the house on the left. By 2013 that buildings front facade was altered. In 2017 this vacant space will once again be filled with two story single family residence according to Chicago Cityscape - an organization the reports permit activity.
Once it's There and Then its Not
How many times have you walked by a particular location and noticed a new building or vacant lot and wondered what was there before. 
Sanborn Fire Maps were the equivalent to Google Maps of today. It was a time machine of the past of former structures within a given area illustrated not by computers but by human hand on sheets of paper. The sheets below have been zoomed and edited for this section. The sheet used in this example is from sheet #84 from volume 9. These maps are a wealth of knowledge for researchers & historians like me and was a necessity to city departments like Fire and Sewer as well as private insurance companies.
 1894
 1923
and below 1950
Planned Developments
... that did not fully materialize
421 W Melrose Avenue
According to a publication called Chicago Apartments: 
'A Century of Luxury Living' by Neil Harris, 'a real estate developer, of the name of Albert W. Swayne planned a massive cooperative apartment (mid-scroll) project was to house more than 2,000 people with a central tower rising 420 feet high that was designed by Holabird & Root (pic). A scale downed 85 unit apartment version of it was constructed instead due to the funding issues that stemmed from Great Depression of 1929 - with a photo of it below ....
photo - University of Illinois-Chicago via Explore Chicago
This 85 unit apartment building still exists 
at 421 Melrose Avenue called the Eddystone.
3500 N Pine Grove

 And then next to it in 1948
a 2017 Google view

The Development of Pine Grove Area
the 3500 block of Pine Grove
Sanborn Fire Maps
above is the area as of 1894
 above is the area as of 1923
below is the area as of 1950
the garage is the future site of the Jewel store
The De-Converting Era
According to Crain Chicago developers much like Golub Capital-middle market lenders have been scouting the Chicago market for opportunities to turn condo buildings back into rentals, reversing the condo conversion trend that dominated the city in the 1970's and 1980's. Amid high condo prices back then, developers could buy whole apartment buildings and sell them for a profit individually as condos. “Big-time players are looking at prices and saying, 'I think we could buy this building lock, stock and barrel and make money by running it as an apartment building,'” says Chicago attorney David Sugar, a partner at Arnstein & Lehr- chairman of the firm's condo law group. “Hopefully, condo boards will figure out that they can make 50% more selling to these apartment idiots chasing a bubble,” says David Ruttenberg, principal at Marc Realty Residential, a Chicago-based apartment landlord. “Hopefully, I'm the fool they call.”
The Wave
420 W Belmont Avenue
2016 Google Maps
 According to Curbed Chicago condo de-conversations continuing to hold steady as the most lucrative sector of Chicago’s real estate market [as of 2017], the complicated process of “deconverting” existing condominiums into freshly refurbished rental units is gaining popularity. One such project in the Lake View neighborhood is ready to start welcoming its first tenants. Situated at 420 W. Belmont, the 206-unit Wave Lake View apartments occupy the 30-story 1967 tower that was once known as Bel Harbour condominiums. The largest Chicago deconversion project to date, Wave comes from New Jersey-based developer Strategic Properties of North America.
 image - Curbed Chicago
The Floor Plans for a studio to two bedrooms


 photo - The Wave website
 photo - The Wave website
  photos - Yo Chicago
An Epic Tear-down
This segment is related to another post 
about house tear-downs
image via Robert Zamora
A 1950 Sanborn Fire Map of the Estate along 
North Lake Shore Drive 







Neighborhoods for Sale?
by the Chicago Tribune 2015
'In an unprecedented investigation, the Tribune analyzed a decade of zoning changes to detail how real estate interests have funneled millions of dollars to the aldermen who dictate what can be built. The series has examined how aldermen ignore city planners and frustrated residents as they frequently permit new and bigger buildings that leave neighbors in their shadows.' 

More news as it develops!


Post Notes: The Google Map Viewer (2007- present) is great historical tool on the changes to a particular area of interest for real estate or parcels of land. The viewer can be located if you float the cursor over the top left area of the Google map. Within the black rectangular area is a small clock icon that will expand into a timeline that begins in 2007. Read more about future developments in the neighborhood at  Curbed Chicago - Lake View
View this interactive map about the commercial and residential zoning in the city that includes planned development sights. and then this interactive map view of all the sales in the city. 
Read and view the different types of dwellings of the area through the eyes of Chicago Architecture Data.


Important Note: 
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!