June 15, 2015

Historical Districts

A Landmark District
(Remember to click to enlarge articles/images)
14.4 feet of snow fell that day
In 1957, Chicago City Council 5th ward 
Alderman Leon Despres began the landmark preservation
 movement in Chicago that led to the formation of the 
City Landmarks Commission of 1968. This commission was instrumental in the salvation the late 19th century mansions that would later include the 1/2 block street 
called Hawthorne Place.  
568 Hawthorne - 1980's?
 By 1990 these former mansions were still 'cut-up' rental units or abandon buildings were saved from the wrecking ball by concerned citizens of the neighborhood. The houses along this street were in decay and mostly vacant. One house split in-half by the forces of decay and neglect; one half of a mansion sinking into the earth.  By the mid to late 90's these houses were restored to their pristine condition by architecture firms and independent contractors. Hawthorne Place was designated a Chicago Landmark in 1996.
Some of Mansions Along the Block 
The Historical District Map
The articles below tell two tales that could have been the beginning of the end for the mansions of the block.
The former Bartiett Residence - 1967 article
 
 
 
 The replacement to 541 residence
  The Herman H. Hettler House
These images below tell a tale about a Queen Anne style mansion originally owned by Herman H. Hettler who owned a lumber company along Elston Avenue at the turn of the 20th century. This house was held at public auction in 1984 after his death. As 2011, this house is owned by the Day School and now apparently vacant again with an unknown future.
1990's?
The Man who Lived Here - May 1984 article
An Article of the Man & the Estate 1984
(click on article to enlarge)
(click on article to enlarge)
The O'Connell Brothers Mansions
@ 568 Hawthorne Place built in 1884
John McConnell House at 546 Hawthorne Place built in 1885
The McConnell's other home
John and Ben owned and sailed a schooner called the Hawthorne. They participated in the first race 
to Mackinac Island in 1898. They finished third 
out of 5 crafts that raced that year.
photo - Tales of the Chicago Mackinac Race


photos - Chicago History Museum
The Hawthorne Mansions
A Group Composite 
2014 photos - Garry Albrecht 
 With a cottage in back ...

601 Hawthorne Place was converted - its' originality gone
The building was razed in 2014 to be replaced by condos
photo - Garry Albrecht 2015
photo - garry albrecht 2015
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
2016 photo - Garry Albrecht
the new corner on Hawthorne/Broadway
A Blog Interview
by former residents
Marion Eisendrath Rosenbluth 
Jane Rosenbluth Baldwin
August 10, 2015
Marion Eisendrath Rosenbluth home as of the age of four.
The Pre-Interview by Jane R. Baldwin
email August 7, 2015 
Marion Eisendrath Rosenbluth, b. 1928
Her family moved to 546 Hawthorne Place when she was two or three. Most of her pre-college education was at Francis W. Parker School.  She was married at 546 Hawthorne Place in 1950. They lived in Old Town, then bought 503 W. Barry Avenue in about 1956. She sold it in the late 70's and moved to the Gold Coast to this day.
Jane Rosenbluth Baldwin, b. 1953
She grew up at 503 Barry, and frequently visited my grandparents on Hawthorne. Hawthorne was the home of my grandmother until her death at 99 in 1992; my uncle lived with her for many years, and the house was finally sold in 1993. I also was married at 546 Hawthorne Place. My husband & I bought house on Janssen Avenue in 1987 and have lived there ever since. I went to Parker, as did my kids.
the extended Eisbendrath family 1940ish
a list from Ms. E. Rosenbluth's of her neighbors and/or homeowners on the block. The list begins on old Sheridan Road (inner LSD) and ends on Broadway.
The Luncheon Interview
By Garry Albrecht
August 10, 2015
Marion Eisendrath Rosenbluth, her daughter Jane Rosenbluth Baldwin, and I met at The Grill next to the Westin Hotel for lunch one weekday. Ms. M.E. Rosenbluth was the focus on this particular interview with her daughter Jane supporting her mother with some memory tips during the course of our time together.
Ms. E. Rosenbluth, much like all the former and current residents of Hawthorne Place, are proud and strong-willed folks who had the determination to create their own unique futures. These folks of Hawthorne Place during the turn of the 20th century were titans of manufacturing or elite businessmen of Chicago. 
Although a good family name could allow Marion to enter and graduate from Francis Parker School her grades at Parker would later earn her a degree from Harvard in 1949 during time period women were meant to stay at home. After raising a family she returned to college and earned a Phd from the University of Illinois in 1973.
During the course of a ‘salad’ lunch she beguiled me with short stories that are mostly identical to this 1989 magazine article she provided me before lunch.
(click on article segments to enlarge)
This magazine article was written by her nephew in 1989, seven years before Hawthorne Place received its historical due from the City of Chicago Landmark Commission.
One story of interest not in the article was when her executive banker father needed to dismantle and replace the rotten the Queen Anne porch attach to the house. This was during the WWII years when rations were the normal along with labor and material shortages. One day, to the surprise of family and neighbors and apparently, completely uncharacteristic of him, Marion’s father took on the task of porch removal on a residential block where everyone had their own private staff to maintain their homes & properties. In fact, Marion recalled that her parents had their own live-in laundress, landscaper, and a chauffeur named Fitz. Her father project apparently raised a few eyebrows during the course of his project.  
Also during the course of our three hour salad lunch interview Marion and Jane mentioned that 'their world' existed east of Broadway Avenue, south to Hyde Park while traveling along Sheridan Road or Lake Shore Drive to visit the extended family on Drexel Avenue.  Any mention of places western Lake View did not strike any memories. Luckily, most of the short stories Marion mentioned are within her nephew's article – a most entertaining piece.
I hope my second interview will be with the daughter, Jane Rosenbluth Baldwin. Jane has memories with her mother Marion and her neurosurgeon father living their own lives on east Barry Avenue in their own stately home. Her stories are from the 1970’s and 80’s during the time of New Town and those 4+1’s that all must re-invented their block.
I hope my narrative of this interview is worthy of these grand & elegant memories and adds to the depth of this blog post.
unknown source
1906 photo - Chuckman Collection
The Alta Vista Historical District is a another historic district located in Lake View. The development was built in 1900-04 as an replica of the row-house style community within London called MayfairThe development was the dream of real estate developer Samuel Eberly Gross, who after a visit to Mayfair felt inspired to duplicate the style. J.C Brompton was the architect of most of the buildings on the block. The block is located 3800 north and 1050 west.
1971 photo - Chuckman Collection
photo - William Brubaker via University of Illinois
The following article tells a tale of the landmark status of this historical district

by Yo Chicago
Doors 1987
photos - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection  















It's a sale! 
An inside look @ this building for sale!
Chicago's Timeless Terrace 1974
by Susan Nelson


It's another Sale!
A modern look inside








all photos - Curbed Chicago
Other perspectives of the district
Home on Alta Vista Terrace Evokes Charles Dickens's London
and Chicago's Architecture & Cityscape
A Modern Version of an Existing Concept
Ravenswood Terrace
2012  It would appear that Alta Vista may soon have a modern rival in the community of Ravenswood, neighborhood of Lincoln Square. The plan for this community will be to try to "mimic  the scale and intimacy" of Lake View’s historic district with two rows of three-story six flats facing each other, separated by a boulevard-ish roadway  to be called Ravenswood Terrace located near Ravenswood West Avenue and Lawrence. Here is a view the video of this project when it was a planned development.
 photo - Yo Chicago
  photo - Yo Chicago
photo - My New Place
Next to this new community is the Ravenswood Metra with a new facility for the modern commuter in mind.
photo - Mark Riener via Living History of Illinois & Chicago
According to David Daruszka of the same website, this station was originally at grade level. The C&NW elevated the station on a new foundation when the tracks were raised per city ordinance in the end of the 19th century. 
photo - Wikipedia
when the old station was just a platform before the new station. The station was by the mid 20th century demolished by the C&NW to save costs. The C&NW's accounting office was located at this stop. The building still stands.
aka Sheridan Park Historical District
photo - Andrew Johnson via Wikipedia
The National Register of Historical Places designated this community as a landmark in 1991. It was listed because it was known as the first pre-planned subdivision in Chicago with it's limestone and brick Victorian and Queen Ann homes on oversized urban lots. Real estate developer John Cochran and Samuel Crowen known as the architect for the Biograph Theater created this suburban-like area. The district is roughly located by Lawrence Avenue (Uptown), west of Clark Street, north of  Irving Park Road and east of Ravenswood Street. The neighborhood of Lake View has a small section of this district called 'South-East Ravenswood'.
photo - Uptown Update
 
A Typical Vintage Flat in Ravenswood 
built in 1891 according to Redfin
4452 North Hermitage Avenue
Photographs of the 1970's 
Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
4053 North Greenview Avenue
4108 North Greenview Avenue
4059 North Greenview Avenue
4232 North Paulina Avenue
4317 North Paulina Avenue
4323 North Paulina Avenue
Barry, Wellington, and Oakdale Avenues
Wellington Avenue 1970's zoomed out view
photo - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago)
 National Register Nominations
The district is located near lake generally between Diversey and Belmont Avenues. The District contains eight contributing houses along Barry, Wellington and Oakdale Avenues, three contributing carriages houses/garages, and five non-contributing resources. The residences represent the affluent lifestyle of the owners who resided there in the decades after World War I. The residences were built between 1913 and 1930. The architectural styles represented include Georgian Revival, Italian Renaissance Revival, Beaux Arts and Tudor Revival, as well as one residence with eclectic features. 


In 2009 the namesake of the district, Meeker Mansion on Barry Avenue, was converted into condos and began selling for millions ... like $1,407,900
1923 Sanborn Fire Map highlights the streets of Barry
 and the northside of Wellington Avenue 
1950 Sanborn Fire Map highlights the streets of Barry and the northside of Wellington Avenue
1923 Sanborn Fire Map highlights
 the southside of Wellington Avenue
1950 Sanborn Fire Map highlights
 the southside of Wellington Avenue
Explore Google viewer 
1936 photo - Chicago Public Library via Explore Chicago
Oakdale viewing east on Sheridan Road
The mansion was located on 338-342 Oakdale Avenue
photo - Chicago Public Library via Explore Chicago
Arthur Apfel residence 
 341 W Wellington
photo - Chicago Public Library via Explore Chicago 
photo - Art Institute of Chicago

a google map view
photo-Susan Reibman Groff via Forgotten Chicago Facebook
Oscar Mayer
Meat Market founder
335-337 Wellington Avenue
Lester Armour
grandson of Philip Armour Meat-Packer founder
325 Wellington Avenue
Philip T. Starch 
330 Wellington Avenue
The Dwellings that Did Not Survive
along Wellington Avenue
 the two buildings on the left did not survive Urban Renewal era zoomed out view - Mrs. Montgomery Ward's townhouse
Blue Prints for 331-339 W Wellington
Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago via Explore Chicago

zoomed out view
 ... and the properties replacement via Google maps
photos above - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago
Article about the Mrs Ward's 339 Townhouse
by The Economist 1915
The new town house which Mrs Montgomery Ward will erect in Lincoln Park extension at 339 Wellington avenue south front just west of the Outer Lake Shore Drive will be in the Italian style of architecture in which the architect Mr Shaw has achieved much success The exterior will be of brick and stone that is dark red pressed brick and Bedford stone with mottled purple and green slate roof and will cover a ground area of about 52x65 feet the lot fronting 75 feet and having a depth of 140 The house will be fireproof either mackolite or hollow tile being used In the ground story there will be the entrance hall this part of the structure being devoted practically to the service department of the establishment In the first floor proper above the ground floor there will be the stair hall living room 28x20 library 20x20 dining room 21x21 sun parlor 16x20 and the main stair hall about 20x20 with a servants pantry and other accessories The entrance hall will have a marble floor while the walls will be of Bedford stone while the living room and library will have oak floors and be finished in mahogany The dining room will be paneled to the ceiling and finished in white enamel In the sun parlor there will be a marble floor stone walls and a vaulted ornamental plastered ceiling In the second story there will be large stair hall and four bed rooms each with dressing room and baths The bed rooms which will be 19x21 16x26 21x14 and 16x18 will be finished in walnut and white enamel The house will be heated with hot water Construction has commenced and it is to be finished in about a year. - The Economist 1915
and it's chapel located at
This 1923 Sanborn Fire Map highlights the pre-Holy Souls property of the existing building at the time that may have
had an officially location of 3030 Inner LSD not 303 Barry as previous documents have indicated from the above link
This 1950 Sanborn Fire Map highlights the convent, chapel, adjacent building westward of inner LSD has a property location of 315-329 W Barry and a possible address of 3030 N Inner LSD. This Catholic institution provided care for those unable to discover or afford medical care anywhere else. Their mission continued during the worst of the AIDS crisis of the 1980's.

current location via Google view
the building in the background via Google viewer
once located at 309 W Barry Avenue
 
photos - Susanne Schnell via Holy Souls End 
Then in April of 2005 the sisters sold the mansion to LR Development Co. for $21 million.  The chapel that the sisters added when they acquired the property along with an addition of the same vintage was torn down. 
- Chicago Tribune Aug. 14, 2005 - Connecting the Windy City
 a google view
  a google view
Google Views 2009 of the area along 
Inner LSD between Barry & Wellington Avenues
The Kellogg Mansions (1926-1982)
Current Google View
Along LSD between Oakdale & Wellington
1950 Sanborn Fire Map highlights 
the buildings along inner LSD
zoomed view of 1950 map
photo - University of Illinois-Chicago via Explore Chicago
Beyond the high-rise lies the Kellogg Mansions that were wrapped around the high-rise with enlargement - 1970ish

A billionaire tries to save the Mansions - Feb. 1981
The city tried and failed to save the mansions. The Kellogg Trust filed suit against the city to sell of the property to a developer. This article below tells that tale.
Preservationists have the final word after the demolition
The Kellogg Mansions Replacement - 1986
 Page 2
The Brewster: 
originally called Lincoln Park Palace
Charlie Chaplin May Have Slept Here!
The rooftop German style restaurant - date unknown
The Brewster was originally known as the Lincoln Park Palace. This eight-story structure was commissioned in 1893 by E. H. Turnock. Read about a current condo unit in the building; originally called the Lincoln Park Palace according to the article below.
photo - unknown source
View more information/photos on this district with this link
Oakdale Avenue District
800 block of Oakdale Avenue - Halsted to Mildred
take a Google viewer tour
View more information/photos on this district
Surf-Pine Grove District 
400 & 500 blocks of Surf and 2800 block of Pine Grove 
How it Happen @ 441 Surf
photo - University of Illinois-Chicago via Explore Chicago
photo - University of Illinois-Chicago via Explore Chicago
Terra Cotta District
1000 block of Oakdale between Sheffield & Seminary
The houses in this district were built by the founders 
of a terra cotta company called the 
Northwestern Terra Cotta Company, one of the leading manufacturers of a material that revolutionized modern architecture and is uniquely significant to Chicago. The term "terra-cotta row" refers to the concentration of dwellings built by executives of the company, as well as the elaborate terra-cotta detailing of the buildings and an unusual terra-cotta walls. 
The houses below represent some of the structures 
of this historical district
The Adolf Hottinger House with its terra cotta window
1057 W. Oakdale is a 3,886 sq foot floor spaced building was constructed in 1916. This house as of 2014 has historical 
significance according to Chicago Architecture Info.
The Gustav Hottinger House
1054 W. Oakdale built in 1886 when Lake View was a 
township covers 3,384 sq. feet of floor space. 
This structure as of 2014 has historical significance according
to Chicago Architecture Info.
Mr. Hottinger 1923
Gustav Hottinger was once the president of the 
The Northwestern Terra Cotta Company that was once 
located in the Township/City of Lake View by mid 19th century
The Henry Rohkam House
Between Halsted and Clark Streets
Arlington-Deming District
Wieboldt Mansion via HotPods
This district is located in the neighborhood of Lincoln Park but most of the homes in this historical district was constructed with Lake View was a township/city north of Fullerton Avenue until the annexation of 1889. One of 
these houses, more like mansions, is the Wieboldt's 
residence located at 639 Deming Place. William Wieboldt, storekeeper and founder of a once chain of stores, built this home for his family in 1887 - the year Lake View changed its status from township to city - 2 years later the residents of the entire City of Lake View voted in favor of annexation. Read more about this preservation of the Wieboldt residence from DNAinfo.

Post Notes
I only noted the historical districts in the neighborhood of Lake View. Google Map did a fairly good job of highlighting the others that was within the old township borders such as Andersonville, Edgewater, and Buena Park that our north of Fullerton Avenue to Devon, Western to the lake. 
The City of Chicago has a more detailed description of each district while Curbed Chicago has an interesting article on it.

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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