June 15, 2015

The Township Communities

Old Lake View Neighborhoods
1862 Township Map
W.L. Flower Map-Library of Congress
Van Vechten's 1870 map with Ravenswood highlighted
This map only charts the old township/city of Lake View from Graceland Avenue (Irving Park Road) to Devon Avenue /Church Street. Most, if not all, the area south of Graceland to Fullerton Avenues were less of a recognized community and more of a established subdivision. The eastern border was the lake and the west was Western Avenue.
1894 Sanborn Fire Map listing communities from 
Graceland Boulevard to Devon Avenue/Church Road
(five years after the annexation of City of Lake View)
1894 Sanborn Fire Map listing the area from 
Graceland Boulevard to Fullerton Avenue

text by Dominic Pacyga & Ellen Skerrett 
- Chicago: City of Neighborhoods
A Modern Map of Old Lake View
The boxed addresses on this map are Western on the top 
& Devon, Fullerton on the right side.
(click to enlarge)
image - unknown





Andersonville
The artifact of the community
Read about this structures' history and fate

photo - Edgewater Buzz - thanks Bob!
Read more about the exact borders 

One of the first schools of the township and apparent meeting site of the formation meetings prior to 1857.
Foster and Clark Street as of 1914
According to one urban legend the Andersonville may have been named after a Norwegian minister named John Anderson. Mr. Anderson purchase property just south of Foster Avenue and east of Ashland Avenue in the late 1840’s.  Apparently, one of the first schools in the township, Conrad Sulzer School (Ravenswood Elementary) the other, was named after Mr. Anderson and simply called Andersonville School. This school once located on the southwest corner of Foster and Clark Street (1855-1925) served as a meeting place for township civic leaders (p.263) like I.S. Skippy, John Mauritzen, and Dr. Conrad Sulzer to organize Lake View Township.


While Mr. Anderson’s fame maybe in doubt there is no doubt of the contribution of Pehr Peterson who established an estimated 500 acre nursery that probably serviced the new cemetery of RoseHill by 1859 among other institutions in the township and the City of Chicago.Dr. Conrad Sulzer regarded as the grand-daddy of the establishment of the township also owned a nursery but serviced the new Graceland Cemetery as of 1861. 
The subdivision of Andersonville began to flourish after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. After the fire the city building codes changed and wooden sidewalks and buildings needed to be more fire resistant and more costly to build. Not so in Lake View Township until after the annexation of the township in 1889 by the City of Chicago.








January 6-7 1918 snow storm along Clark Street
photo - Edgeville Buzz
Still, Andersonville subdivision remained a ‘backwater’ community until 1910. To learn more about history of this community visit the Edgewater History Society as well as the neighborhood websiteRead about the removal of the iconic water tower that was a landmark of the community.
 
1894 Sanborn Fire Map
five years after the annexation to Chicago
In 1868 a group of real-estate speculators (p. 712) formed the Ravenswood Land Company and purchased 194 acres of farmland in west central Lake View Township. As a note, the area west of Commerical Avenue (Hermitage Avenue) was not part of the land purchased. The area east of Hermitage to Clark Street, Montrose to Graceland Avenue (Irving Park Road) is currently called the community of West Graceland in the neighborhood of Lake View.
Map of the area highlighting Graceland Cemetery and the community of Ravenswood - 1879
Sulzer=Montrose & Shippery=Lawrence
Green Bay Road=Clark Street
Graceland Cemetery: A Design History - Christopher Vernon
Martin Van Allen, member of the 
Ravenswood Land Company 
1875 News in the Community of Ravenswood
 


While the Ravenswood Land Company built a schoolhouse the main sewer systems and roads and most of the civic infrastructure was incurred by the residents’ own financial contributions. 
By 1884 the Ravenswood Historical Society - pp. 713-714, presently called the 'Ravenswood-Lake View Historical Association' was established and was to be located in a 30 x 40 two story brick building on the southwest corner of Commercial and Graceland (Hermitage $ Irving Park Road). Apparently, the building included a ground floor library and reading room and the top floor a lecture hall and doubled as a concert hall. The present collection of photography, maps, and publications are located at the Sulzer Regional Library in Lincoln Square and called the Ravenswood-Lakeview Community Collection.
The images above are the following: 
 Ravenswood M.E. Church, H. L. Harmount & Co. Real Estate Office, Bennett Block, Library Hall, and All Saint's Episcopalian Church - 1890
Built in 1872 in the Township of Lake View - unknown date 

Apparently, as late as the 1920’s open ditches and muddy streets were alongside the manicured and stately lawns, gardens and homes, a work in progress. Apparently, the above image is the area on north side of Lawrence Avenue between Damen Avenue and  Ravenswood Avenue. - Calumet 412. According the publication Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler residents got their water from the river and had a difficult time acquiring it. The township next door, Jefferson Township, wouldn't (or couldn't - funds?) install sewers for this new area until the annexation of both Jefferson and Lake View Townships in 1889.
As of 1949, this community was referred to as the neighborhood of Lincoln Square. Several neighborhoods in the area claim the old Ravenswood township community.
Note: Half of Patrick Bulter's book tells the tale of now fragmented former township community. 
Also, read the ever changing borders of this original township community as of 2015 with the DNAifno article.
Other Views of late 19th Century Ravenswood
This photo must have been taken from the 
old Wilson-Ravenswood rail platform 
Dr. Frank Van Allen (and family), a graduate of Lake View High School and Yale University Medical School.  His father, Martin Van Allen, was a member of the Ravenswood Land Company.
 
Ravenswood Cornet Band 1892 
when the old township was referred 
to as the Lake View District
Ravenswood Station (Post ofc) Mail Carriers 
- District of Lake View 1894
Below is a 1954 Chicago Tribune article about the neighborhood of Lincoln Square that includes parts of the original Ravenswood community. Several other neighborhoods lay claim as well such as the neighborhood of LakeView.
 Comic Art of Ravenswood
by Phil Thompson is a part-time illustrator in Lincoln Square 
Summerdale
1894 Sanborn Fire Map
five years after the annexation to Chicago
This small community had its begins in 1875 according to the Chicago Daily News article I found online. 
Read the last paragraph ...
1889ish photo University of Chicago Map Collection
The bold printed titles on the map indicated a community of its day. Summerdale is located north of Ravenswood and near Mt. Pleasant and the Andersonville 
(Northwest Company rail line) train station by Foster Avenue.
 Probably on Foster Avenue - unknown date
kids of Summerdale
photo 1888 - Sulzer Regional Library
 Buena Park
 1894 Sanborn Fire Map
five years after the annexation to Chicago
Graceland Avenue = Irving Park Road
In 1887 James B. Waller, a long-time resident of the Township of Lake View began to sell of his property by subdividing his 35 acres to land speculators and developers. The original Waller home is now the site of St. Mary of the Lake church that was built and dedicated in 1917. Including in the 35 acres was a "pebbled crescent shaped beach" along the lakefront (Daily Tribune 1889 article). 
This 1894 Sanborn Fire Map shows the Waller Estate 
(the sole dwelling surrounded by vacant space). 
Edgecomb Court is now Culver Avenue and Evanston Avenue is now Broadway 
Most of his lakefront property was on a ridge that overlook the lake that had a view of a small harbor yards away of Marine Hospital near Graceland (Irving Park Road) Avenue and Lake Michigan now the home of Disney Magnet School. 
Marine Hospital for Soldiers and Sailors 
photo - Ebay
This federal hospital was built in 1875 located between Graceland (Irving Park Road) and Sulzer Road (Montrose Avenue). Read more about this hospital in my other post called Township Military Hospital.
The intersection of Evanston (Broadway) Sheridan Road and Montrose Avenue - Lake View District 1891
front and back of same photo
Someone's back yard - 1907
Buena Park (view link illustrations) and Robert Waller were amortized by Chicagoan poet Eugene Field in a 1894 ballet called 'The Delectable Ballad of the Waller Lot' ...
'Up yonder in Buena Park! 
There is a famous spot,in legend and in history,
the Waller lot' 
The poets' home was located in Waller's subdivided property near the intersection of Clarendon and Hutchinson Avenues near the historical Hutchinson Street District.
Hazel Avenue in 1911 
image - Ebay
 Buena Park by 1910's
... the individual homes
The Vintage Houses
by Art Institute of Chicago
... that graced this community in the late 19th century
The Waller residence
Robert A. Waller was a major landowner 
who influenced township community affairs.
photo - Uptown Update
The Greenlee home
The Jenney Home
photos - Art Institute of Chicago
One of Many Survivors
View more homes in this Historical District via Fickr
Note: The entire neighborhood is listed in the National Register of Historical Places since 1984. It is interesting to view the dwellings that were listed in 1984 and discover which ones survived to the present.
Below is a 1985 Chicago Tribune article about the late 20th century rebirth of the community is within the neighborhood of Uptown
The spirit of the community lives on - 2013
The following information and maps are primarily from the Edgewater Historical Society
In 1885, John Lewis Cochran (p. 769) purchased vacant land to build a subdivision called 'Edgewater'. East of Broadway and bounded by Bryn Mawr and Foster Avenues, this new community was the first planned development to have paved streets, electric lighting, drainage system, street cleaning and tree trimming. 
Station House 1905 - Daily News Archives


1885 - Edgewater Historical Society maps
Note: Pine Grove was a subdivision = northern Lake View
1894 Sanborn Fire Map
In 1886, the first ten houses and a commercial building called the Guild Hall was built along with a train station at Bryn Mawr to offer transportation south to Graceland Avenue (Irving Park Road) along Evanston Avenue (Broadway Avenue) to Diversey Parkway. This community was known for its horse stables and 'horse and cycle clubs' such as the Edgewater Stables and the Saddle and Cycle Club.
The Edgewater Stables - 1880's 
For a more depth view of this neighborhood browse through their historical society's website
Other Communities of Old Lake View
The Community of Argyle Park
along the existing lakefront
 Community of High Ridge
Community of Rose Hill

Community of HenryTown
Van Vechten's 1870 map
 Community of Pine Grove 
Van Vechten's 1870 map that highlights the Lake View Hotel 
The road that connect Chicago along the lakeshore
 
images - LakeView Saga 1837- 1985
Bowmanville
While this community was across the street - west side of Western Avenue in the Township of Jefferson the impact to Lake View Township cannot be overshadowed. Traffic for that community's commerce would connect with Chicago using the roads and trains within Lake View to do it.
1862 W.L. Flower Map
and zoomed - Library of Congress
1894 Sanborn Fire Map
five years after the annexation to Chicago
Bowmanville as a community was originally located around Foster Avenue and Western Avenue was established in 1850's by Jesse Bowman, a local lodge keeper. Although his claim to the land was later found to be illegal, it did not prevent the area from becoming a bustling settlement. Jesse Bowman was a man who was passionate about getting things done fast -- and not necessarily by the books.
In the early 1850's he unofficially cultivated the dirt paths through the forest near present-day Foster and Ravenswood avenues. He laid claim to many of the imaginary plots in the area without actually owning any of the property. He then sold the land 'that wasn't his" to unwitting buyers, and the later skipped town or according the publication Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler or disappeared "any of the victims had anything to do with Bowman disappearance".
After the legal issues were resolved the area became a stopping point for farmers delivering their goods to markets in Chicago. Numerous saloons and taverns sprang up, among them an establishment owned by Hiram Roe, locate on Roe’s Hill. The original name of the area was later misspelled Row’s Hill and then Rose Hill, which became the name of the train depot in the community. The name eventually became Rosehill, as in Rosehill Cemetery. 
This was one of the earliest communities before Lake View Township & Evanston Township were once part of the first township in northern Illinois - Ridgeville Township 1850-1857.
P.L. Miller Fancy Groceries and Meat Market
The grocery store was situated on the northeast corner of Foster and Wolcott Avenues -1860's?
Other businesses included lodges/roadhouses, carpenter shops (for coffins), stone mason shops (headstones) greenhouses (flowers and vegetables) to name a few. This was the same time that a doctor from Switzerland and his family located south of Bowmanville; later to regarded as the official founder of Lake View Township - Conrad Sulzer.
During this time period Chicagoans who lived in then dense communities of the city began to move where the land was rural and inexpensive. This community was one of the three.
The above aerial photograph showing farms, homes, streets, telephone poles, and open land were apparently the L.A. Budlong Company, a first successful commercial greenhouse in the township. The company at one time occupy 400 hundred acres of  land. According the publication Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler "the workers were originally paid at the end of the day in silver dollars, known as 'Budlong Dollars' or simply 'Budlongs' ". Also, the book mentions that "by the turn of the century, they had between eighteen to twenty greenhouses described by one visitor as a 'virtual village of glass'"(p.122). The remaining greenhouses remained as late as 1988.
Known as Bowmanville School 
during the early years of the township 


Donated in 1960 while photo date probably 1890's 
Devon Avenue east of Western Avenue - Bowmanville 1914
Jerri Walker - Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
Join the conversation on Facebook!
“This is Devon Avenue in 1914 looking east from about Claremont, just east of Western Ave. The people are from L to R my great aunt, my Mother, my grandmother, Uncle, and another grand aunt. They are walking from Angel Guardian /St Henry’s church (steeple way barely visible in the background) back to a truck farm on the SW corner of Rockwell and Devon where my grandparents worked.
How Devon has changed!” 
– Calumet 412 contributor Barry Fleig
4800 North Lincoln Avenue
1910-ish located in the new District of Lake View
photo - Chuckman Collection
a later view of the intersection of Lincoln/Lawrence/Western at the edge of the District of Lake View - Bowmanville 1920's
Follow the conversation on Facebook of this photo!
A Look Back

The Chicagoan, edited
2013  Native American artifacts were discovered in current neighborhood of Bowmanville. 

Post Note: Read about Lake View Township from this 
1874 book from page 343.

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

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