Showing posts with label research. Show all posts
Showing posts with label research. Show all posts

June 15, 2015

It Began Along the Lake

and Because of the Lake 
and River 
map -
Read an extensive history on the era
map - Dearborn Magazine in 1922
About 14 thousand years ago during the tail end of the last ice age the area of Lake View Township was under water.
Over three hundred million years ago our area of Illinois was covered with wetlands such as coastal swamps, deltas, and upland forests situated along an estuary bay (probably a much wider Chicago River) - Chicago History Museum
image - Illinois State Geological Survey
 ‘Illinois can boast a significant number of amphibians and invertebrates dating to the Paleozoic Era  (541,000,000 BC to 251,900,000), as well as a handful of Pleistocene periods (2,600,00 BC to 12,000 BC) pachyderms (Woolly Mammoths, Mastodons and other elephant type mammals). For much of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras (250,000,000 BC to 2,000,000 BC), Illinois was geologically unproductive in that period hence the lack of fossils dating from this vast expanse of time. However, conditions improved tremendously during the Pleistocene period when herds of Woolly Mammoths and American Mastodons tramped across this state's endless plains (and left scattered fossil remains to be discovered, piecemeal, by 19th & 20th-century paleontologists). 
image - Illinois State Geological Survey
Joe Devera, has been a geologist with the Illinois State Geological Survey for over 30 years. "Other dinosaurs, such as T-Rex, could be found in Illinois covered up by vegetation and soil.”’ - The Digital Research Library of Illinois
The Modern Era
Most rivers flowed into Lake Michigan before 1900
In more recent times, Lake Chicago also known as the Glacial Lake Chicago; term used by geologists for a lake that preceded Lake Michigan; was formed when the Wisconsin glacier retreated from the Chicago area, beginning about 14,000 years ago. Lake Chicago`s level, at its highest, was almost 60 feet higher than the level of present Lake Michigan and the lake completely covered the area now occupied by Chicago. Its northern outlet into the St. Lawrence River was still blocked by remnants of the glacier and it drained through the so-called Chicago outlet, a notch in the Valparaiso moraine, into the Mississippi system. Its western shores reached to where Oak Park and La Grange now exist.
As the glacier shrank in stages, the major three of which are often referred to as the Glenwood phase (50 feet above the level of Lake Michigan; c.12,000 years ago), the Calumet phase (35 feet; c.10,000 years ago), and the Tolleston phase (20 feet; less than 8,000 years ago); each left behind many sandy beach ridges. The lake`s southern shores were dammed by the hills of the Tinley-Valparaiso terminal moraine systems; as the glacier retreated farther and cleared the northern outlet, the lake level fell further and Lake Chicago would later be renamed Lake Michigan.
The Topography
light yellow is sand & marsh
The People Who Settled:
 The Originals 
Tribal Lands as of 1623
Tribes were more nomadic so did not have the tradition border locations like the European settlers would have preferred.
This is a fluid situation due to fact Native Americans did not have set borders but moved according to most hunting and agricultural reasons. The Europeans did not quit understand 
this cultural difference.
Map by Vincenzo Coronelli mid 1690's
 A 1688 Map listing Chicago
zoomed below
zoomed more below
text - Chicagology Facebook
Tribal Routes as of 1804
There was a village near Diversey and Clark/Broadway
In 2013 artifacts were discovered within the City of Chicago 
in the neighborhood of Bowmanville.
 About (Evanston) Broadway and north of Lawrence Avenue that shows Clark Street as a high ridge path 
early 19th century via Calumet 412. Almost all of the mounds in the Chicago area were lost due to development and the lack of understanding of this cultural importance 
of the indigenous peoples of our area.
This illustration is an example of the markers or landmarks that Native Americans grew, and used in the area to possibly
 indicate direction or some sort of sign language. 
Settlers simply called them 'Indian Tree'.
by WBEZ Chicago
The Native American burial mound apparently was once located between Oakdale & Wellington east of Sheffield 
Early settlers destroyed hundreds if not thousands of ancient sculptures, along with the historical record. They plowed under mounds to farm the land or leveled them and built homes on the sites. In some cases, early settlers claimed to have asked local Native Americans about the origins of the mounds without receiving a clear answer. John Low, a Potawatomi Indian and professor of American Indian studies, says he’s suspicious of these accounts given that they took place during a power struggle over land. “[The Natives] may have said that because they aren’t going to share with people, [who] they regard as the enemy, the special-ness they know about a site.” Read more from the above link.
An article about the trails 
that formed the settlement of Chicago
(click to enlarge)
according to the European Discoveries
 a zoomed view below with a settlement 
by in the area of Clark, Diversey, Broadway
zoomed even further ...
('TRAIL' shoud be Clark Street)
The Native American Tribes 
& U.S. Territories in 1812
a zoomed view below
The Other People Who Settled:
The Europeans
image - Wikipedia
image - Wikipedia
image - GeoCurrents
Early History of Illinois Region
by Historical Review of Chicago & Cook County
Rendering of Chicago 1779 that features 
the first non-native Jean Baptiste De Sable
British territory as of 1775 that included 
the Northwest territories in 'sky blue'
  interactive image Accessible Archives-Facebook
at one period in time our area belonged to Connecticut
below is a 1771 map from Ebay
established after the Revolutionary War
a zoomed view below
The United States by 1818
Illinois earned statehood that year
the nation would expand westward 
Map of Illinois in 1818
the establishment of counties began near the rivers
2 images - Living History of Illinois and Chicago
A brief pre-State History
images - The Geography of Illinois by H O Lathrop

The State of llinois Facts by 1822
Henry Charles Carey & Isaac Lea Map 
Establishment of the counties along the rivers came first due only quickest transportation route at the time - rivers
Cook County was not established 
let alone a township within it

was 98% prairie before Europeans arrived to the United States. The area just north of the existing City of Chicago was described at the time as "a waste of sand and scrub oaks" bordering along the lakefront. Before the European settlements were established Chicago there was a Potawatomi village apparently located in the general area of Fullerton, Lincoln, and Clark Streets as late as the first quarter of the 19th century. By the first quarter of the 19th century a physical separation and border had been established between the Native American population and the Europeans that existed in the Chicagoland areaThe 1833 Treaty of Chicago, which concluded the Blackhawk War, forced the Potawatomi to sell all remaining tribal lands (outside those given in land grants) that forced the removal of all Indians from State of Illinois. 
With the Potawatomi removed the settlers from the East came in greater numbers.
 images - Geography of Illinois by H O Lathrop (1940)
The Chicago Region
by Historical Review of Chicago & Cook County
image - Chicago in Maps by Robert A Holland
This illustration is inspired by a diorama from the 
1933 Century of Progress Exposition showing an unnamed Native American, the Kinzie houseFort Dearborn, and the dunes at the lake shore in the horizon.
A Fort before Dearborn?
by Historical Review of Chicago & Cook County
map via Paul Petraitis-Facebook
top right along the river was the fort
from Kenneth Swedroe via Original Chicago-Facebook
images - The Digital Research Library of the Illinois 
History Journal 
Read more about the fort's history!
image - Chicago: growth of a metropolis
with a zoomed view south of Fullerton Avenue
... a lot of trees & brush
 Mouth of Chicago River - from Card Cow
map via Joe Sonderman/Forgotten Chicago Discussion Group
 a 1832 view
Chicago History Museum Collection via Paul Petraitis, Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
a 1853 view - Michael Thomas 
via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
1830 map - via Chicago Past
another view more detail 1830
photo - via Patrick McBriarty Windy City Historians-Facebook
This hand drawn was created by the Commander of Fort Dearborn. The Europeans were defeated that temporary delayed the advance of a European settlement. 
Read more about this tale from Paul Petraitis & other contributors of Forgotten Chicago-Facebook.
1818 Matthew Carey map Potawatomi map 
from Early 
The territory of Illinois became a state within the 
United States that year
Settlers vs Natives
The yeas 1832 & 1834 mark the end of residence of Native Americans east of the Mississippi along the Illinois Territory
an article from 1832
images - Ebay
an article from 1834
 Chicago River settlement 1812 - Chicago Past
Known Native American settlements as of 1900
from a publication called The Chicago River by Libby Hill
Anthony Finley Map David Rumsey Map Collection 1831
image - The Chicago River by Libby Hill
Most of the Lake View area was owned by corporate types who engineered the Illinois and Michigan Canal enterprise.
The shaded area indicated land owned by the 
Illinois and Michigan Canal folks.
1833 map via Chicagology
Town of Chicago 1832 - Calumet 412
 mouth of the Chicago River
image - Ebay
Treaty of Chicago of 1833 was the end of influence and the end of most hunting grounds for Native American tribes along the greater Great Lakes region.  The United States drafted this treaty with the several villages of Potawatomi in Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Two years later a charter was granted by
State of Illinois for a town called Chicago. 
an early illustration - Ebay 
image via WTTW 
'By the 1830's, Chicago had become a raucous frontier village with a mix of French Canadians, Yankees and Native Americans. The social center of that village was Wolf Point located at the junction of the Main Stem and the North and South Branches. Wolf Point provided the perfect stopping place for explorers and traders.' - part of a WTTW article
image - Imgur
Two years after that in 1837 Chicago 
became a city along the mouth of the Chicago River
Henry S Tanner Map David Rumsey Map Collection 1836
Chicago, if not Lake View Township
"The streets of the village in the fall soon became deluged with mud. It lay in many places half a leg deep, up to the hubs of the carts and wagons, in the middle of the streets, and the only sidewalk we had was a single plank stretched from one building to another. The smaller scholars I used to bring to school and take home on my back, not daring to trust them on the slippery plank. One day I made a misstep and went down into the thick mire with a little one in my arms. With difficulty I regained my foothold, with both overshoes sucked off by this thick, slimy mud, which I never recovered." 
- G. Sproat June 1887
Chief Waubonsie of the Pottowatomis
‘In 1835, Waubonsie, then more than 70 years old, traveled to Washington, D. C. to meet with delegations from other tribes. Waubonsie had an audience with President Andrew Jackson and addressed him as "Brother-Brave." Nothing of any great importance was accomplished with this visit. In 1837 all the Indians were rounded up and sent to Chicago.  There, they met other bands of Pottawatomie from Michigan and Indiana, and began a harrowing walk to Missouri and Kansas that later became known as the "Trail of Death."’
The last Native American settlement (reservation) was located in the Evanston Township area know as Ouilmette. 
“Early Chicagoans, like most Americans in the 19th century, were brutal pragmatists. They valued progress at any cost. In 1835, city dwellers shed few tears over the scattering of the area’s original inhabitants, the Potawatomi, despite the Potawatomi’s own lamentations—800 warriors marched across Chicago’s early wooden bridges in a ceremonial leaving of the lakeshore. Their native fishing and hunting grounds having been over-taken, they’d accepted a brokered agreement to move beyond the Mississippi River into what is now Iowa. It was a deal they couldn’t refuse.”
Trading postS dotted the landscape around Lake Michigan
This photo above is of the Bailly Trading Post 

 1830/33 map of Chicago
image - OAC - Online Archive of California 

Between 1816-28 troops of Fort Dearborn dug up the sandbar to create a channel to the river's mouth. 
1839 map - Harvard Digital Library
By 1837 most of the channel was completed that allowed growth of commerce and more local settlements to continue.
image - Online Archive of California 
A View West Along the River
Bird's-eye view of the mouth of the Chicago River as it appeared in 1893. Key to numbered buildings: 1-United States Life-saving Station, 2-Chicago River lighthouse, 
3- Central Elevators, 4-James S. Kirk & Company Building, 5-Central Warehouse, 6-Galena Elevator, 7- Hoyt Building, 
8-Loyal Hotel Building, 9- Standard Oil Building – Wikipedia
I'm speculating that the photo was taken at Dearborn Street on the south bank of the river at an angle that would show the water tower and pumping station spaced as shown in the photo. The other clue is the curve in the river that the warehouse was located on. The curve occurs around State Street heading east. We can safely say that the warehouse building is long gone. Look closely to see State Street and Michigan Avenue labels on the drawing and be aware a little artistic license has taken place. The bridge shown at Michigan Avenue would have been the Rush Street bridge that actually crossed the river on the diagonal starting at Michigan Ave. on the south bank and ending at Rush on the north bank. The Michigan Avenue bridge was not built until 1920. Notice a railroad swing bridge is pictured in the foreground. #5, the Central Warehouse, would have been located about where Trump Tower exists today. However, the number of floors shown in this drawing is 8 while the original photo shows only 4 with arched instead of square tops. Other photos of the river and the Wrigley building, built in 1920, show what looks like the building in the photo with 8 floors which may have been a replacement for the original.” 
- from Jeff Bransky via Historic Chicago-Facebook

images - Online Archive of California 

images - Online Archive of California 
The Story of Chicago
by Jennie Hall
part of my collection
This book written by a woman who survived the earlier days of Chicago. The book was published in 1911 and the author was in her 80's - this book is part of my personal collection.
These pages highlight her memory of the 1830's shortly after her family's arrival from New York.

The United States in 1842
map - Murray
Chicagoland Area by 1850
Transportation routes in 1850 
from Chicago: growth of a metropolis
Green Bay Road (Clark Street) appeared to be the main road into what was to be Lake View Township. According to the publication called 'Chicago: its history and its builders, a century of marvelous growth' taverns were like road-stops if travels wanted to go from point A to point B. The first major road-stop tavern was along Green Bay Road a short distance near to the yet to be built Old Town Hall on Halsted Street. The tavern was called Brittion. (p. 321)
Lake View like most of the lands nearest to the lakefront were composed of 'sandy soil' that included 'some gravel and 'stony soils' 
County and it's Townships
S. H. Burhans & J. Van Vechten via Library of Congress
 zoomed views
and zoomed some more
'The framers of the Constitution did not provide for local governments. Rather, they left the matter to the states. Subsequently, early state constitutions generally conceptualized county government as an arm of the state. In the twentieth century, the role of local governments strengthened and counties began providing more services, acquiring home rule and county commissions to pass local ordinances pertaining to their unincorporated areas. In some states, these powers are partly or mostly devolved to the counties' smaller divisions usually called townships, though in New York, New England, Wisconsin, [and in 19th century Illinois] they are called 'towns'. The county may or may not be able to override its townships on certain matters, depending on the state constitution.' - Wikipedia
Cemeteries that were/are on High Ground
This fact is important in the growth of Lake View Township. Due to its significant increase in elevation Chicagoans could travel beyond their city to the Rose Hill, Graceland, and the various other cemeteries in the township to visit their deceased relatives - most often a Sunday - their olnly day off - that would include a picnic and lodging along the way discovering rural areas with lower tax on property and goods thane the city.

Note: View my Facebook album about the original shoreline prior to 1894 along the old Lake View in Lake View Historical in Facebook.
Annexation Map of Chicago by 1869
image - History of Chicago, Volume II 
annexation dates
Purple: February 11, 1835
Blue: March 4, 1837
Pink: February 16, 1847
Green: February 12,1853
Yellow: February 13, 1863
Brown: February 7, 1869
 1853 image - Alabama University 
City of Chicago one year before the establishment 
of Lake View Township 
zoomed image - Alabama University 
zoomed view of the map above highlights Green Bay Road (Clark Street) and Little Fort Road (Lincoln Avenue) - the two main roads that would connect the city with the township
The History of Cook County
the township's location
 images -
from a book called This is Cook County

Lake View Township was not organized by 1852. It's future residents lived in Ridgeville Township from 1850-1857. In 1857 Ridgeville was divided into Evanston, Lake View, and North Chicago townships by the State of Illinois.
According to a research report from Chicago Magazine the emigrate groups to Cook County between 1870 to 1900 were either German, Irish, Swedish/Norwegian making up 1/2 of the population during this time period while the other half migrated from the East Coast.
The first formal township north of Chicago was established by the State of Illinois in 1850 at the same time as the County of Cook was established. Before there was a Lake View Township and a Evanston Township there was the Township of Ridgeville. The State of Illinois split this township in two in 1857.
An Account by Chicago History of Illinois and Chicago
'The name Ridgeville first officially appeared in 1850. Ridgeville’s first election was held on April 2, 1850 with 93 votes being cast. Ridgeville’s first town assessment took place in 1853, estimating the value of the property at $6,000.00. Among the names of Ridgeville’s first residents were: General Huntoon, Eli Gaffield, William Foster, Paul Pratt and his wife and O.A. Crain. The 1850 census shows 443 settlers in this township (the population of Chicago at that time was about 28,000), which was approximately eleven persons per square mile. A post office with the name of Ridgeville was established at one of the taverns. However, no municipality existed yet.' 
The territory (zoom) included the most of Evanston Township (City of), Rogers Park, and Lake View Township and North Chicago Township north of North Avenue. The township last no more than seven years until it was subdivided into two townships by 1857. This maps highlights taverns that would serve as stops for refreshments (for both horse and owner) and lodging such as Schulzer, Sliipy, M. Trader, and Anderson Hoods - also called The Seven Mile Tavern due to its distance for central Chicago. By 1860 the residents of the Germanic states and principalities of Europe was the largest foreign group of immigrants to Illinois (click on the year 1860). “United States census records show Illinois to have a population of 1.7 million. A total of 7,628 are African Americans. About 707,000 Illinoisans were native to the state. The largest number of non-natives came from: Ohio (131,000); German states of Europe (130,000); New York (121,000); Ireland (87,000); Pennsylvania (83,000); Indiana (62,000); Kentucky (60,000); England (41,000); Tennessee (39,000); Virginia (32,000)”. 
Lake View Township
and then
City of Lake View 
From Fullerton Avenue to Devon Avenue
the existing lakeshore to Western Avenue
When Conrad Sulzer’s family settled in the area later to be known as the Township of Lake View, north of Chicago, these ten square miles of the township along the lakefront were of empty prairie, shrubs, and lakefront marsh. Most of the original settlers of this area that arrived during the same time period of Dr. Sulzer's family were mostly from the German and Swedish populations of Chicago and the Luxembourgers who were alsoGerman speakers from Europe. This populations sought expanse space and opportunity for renewal and growth without fear of European repression and/or from Town/City of Chicago ever growing governmental regulations. Also, the price was right! 
The Price was Right!
(Disregard the outlining of Lincoln Park 
- only drawn for orientation purposes.)
Land value assessment per square mile as of 1836 
two years after Dr. Sulzer's arrival to the Lake View area
The University of Chicago map illustration above indicated established subdivisions between 1844-1862. It is to be noted that this map was drafted in 1933 (so no Lincoln Park at the time), Sheridan Road proposed extension, and the rail lines were added to help the viewer with geography.
Land values assessment per square mile as of 1873-79 years after the incorporation of Lake View Township and 16 years before the annexation to Chicago.
 1879 map (zoomed) show streets and communities with Lake View Township such as Pine Grove, Andersonville, Ravenswood, Bowmanville, and a community called Henry Town. Also shown are the cemeteries of Rosehill & Graceland. Also, during this time period community of Rogers Park had earned its  distinction as a township seceding from Evanston Township.
The shoreline - pre development
postcards - Ebay
another typical shoreline 1903
photo - UIC via Explore Chicago Collection
That year the legal status change to the City of Lake View
a David Rumsey Map
The River Border
By 1870 a small section of the township was awarded to Chicago from Fullerton Ave./Western Ave. to the Chicago River
Maps of the Shoreline in 1894
 1894 Sanborn Fire Map the shoreline consisted of street-end beaches; a time before Sheridan Road and the northward landfill & expansion of the park
A Place to Sleep, Drink, & Party 
along with shed for your horses
one of the first tavern hotels of the old township
image - 'Challenging Chicago' by Katy Crowley
1890's photo via Chicagology est. 1860
'The grand opening was on a Wednesday evening in December, 1866, and reporters from the major Chicago papers were brought to the gala affair in a huge four-horse sleigh. Hyman declared to all, “I would like you gentlemen of the press to understand that this affair will be straight to the wink of an eyelash. All the ladies are here on their honor, and Mrs. Hyman will see to it that nothing unseemly takes place.”' - excerpt from a site called Chicagology
located on Grace Street & the then existing lakefront
The old Huntley House renamed Lake View House by 1854
The Lake View House owned by Elisha Huntley and co-managed James Rees and then co-owned to be used not only as a resort but a meeting place to discuss real estate, particularly Mr. Huntley's holdings in the old community of Pine Grove beginning in 1853 until 1890-ish. I have a open petition to the 46th Chicago ward office to create a landmark status of the current garden space that will memorialize this hotel of old Lake View. This was accomplished in 2016 with the assistance of the caretaker of community garden, the alderman, and The Ravenswood-Lake View Historical Association. 
The Annexation of Townships
that created the Chicago
via Chicagology
a zoomed view below
the legend from map
Some Random Images 
of the Old Lake View
image - John Falk via Chicagopedia-Facebook
from a book called 'Chicago and It's Makers'
The caption highlights what was once 'Wright's Grove' around the Diversey Parkway area
The Depiction from above
The German Saengerfest (singing festival) was the event.
"Chicago became the festival city for the second time when the twenty-second great Saengerfest of the North American Saengerbund was held here in 1881. For weeks and months ahead, preparations were enthusiastically pushed, and the festival committee, under the guidance of the festival president, Louis Wahl, did everything in its power to insure the success of the event. When the first festival day, June 29, finally arrived, the out-of-town guests were first of all taken by the reception committee to their quarters, where they received an excellent meal for thirty-five cents." 
The Article of the Event
Random Scenes of Old Lake View
At the corner edge of the old Lake View
 Jerri Walker via Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
Bowmansville on Devon east of Western Avenue in 1914
Jerri Walker - Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
Join the conversation of Facebook on this photo!
Chicago River north at Lawrence Street Bridge 1909 
Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago
photo & info - Friends of Cuneo-Facebook 
 Two adults and a child along the Northwest Rail Company rail tracks that once was route through the 
old township within the community of Buena Park
 Read the text above 1887 ... that year the township of 
Lake View was chartered as a City in Illinois
 The turn of track that is now West Sheridan Road 
and once called Graceland Road (Irving Park Road)
 Leland Avenue looking west 1891 
 Leland Avenue near Dover_Street 1891 
 Looking west from Seeley Avenue towards Western Avenue 1890's
Sam Brown Real Estate Office 
for the Sheridan Drive Subdivision 
that was located at Clark and Wilson 1891 
 Sunnyside Avenue looking west for that street
Wilson and Evanston (Broadway) Avenue prior to the construction of the elevated tracks in 1907 with a 
new version by end of 2015
Wilson Avenue looking northwest on Malden Street 1891 
 Wilson and Magnolia 1891
Wilson Avenue at Malden and Magnolia 
Note: these photos are from Sulzer Regional Library and are gathered and stored by the Ravenswood- Lake View Historical Association that is housed in this particular library
the corner of the former township/city
section of a book called Chicago: growing metropolis
photo - Calumet 412
Montrose Avenue looking west toward Ravenswood Avenue in 1905 years before the elevated tracks would be constructed photo 
And the Bridges that Connect the Landmasses
Forty miles north of downtown Chicago, the Chicago River begins its journey in Park City, Illinois, where a small storm-water channel enters the Greenbelt Forest Preserve and forms the headwaters of the Skokie River, according to The Friends of the Chicago River. In suburban Niles the river enters a different phase called the Upper North Branch that continues until Wolf Point in Chicago. In this segment of my blog I will highlight the bridges that connected the landmasses of each side the North Branch of the Chicago River that influenced development near old Lake View. Those bridges are on the streets of Montrose, Irving Park Road, Addison, Belmont, and (Fullerton Avenue-once the border between Chicago & Township/City of Lake View).
2020 Google map highlights the bridges with an X
After a severe storm in 1885 caused the river to empty large amounts of sewage-polluted water into Lake Michigan, plans were begun to reverse its flow through the construction of a canal, which was completed in 1900. [The only mayor of the City of Lake View William Boldenweck was the Drainage Broad president during this period of time.] The river now flows inland—through the south branch and into the Illinois Waterway (Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal and the Des Plaines and Illinois rivers) to connect with the Mississippi River. The reversal of the river’s flow is considered one of the greatest feats of modern engineering. The south branch of the river was straightened between 1928 and 1930, which moved the river 0.25 mile (0.4 km) west, according to the Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
the first one is ...
(no photo)
Before the first bridge at Fullerton Avenue could be built, the street had to be extended from Ashland Avenue to the river.  The municipalities of Chicago and the [Township of] Lake View both contributed to construction costs 3/4 and 1/4 respectively. [Both Chicago & Lake View bordered on Fullerton Avenue.] The bridge opened in 1874. It was a fixed iron bridge.  It was 225 feet long and 20 feet wide. Construction costs were $5,000. The bridge was removed in 1877. The second bridge at Fullerton Avenue was a wood and iron hand operated swing structure.  According to Chicago Architecture Center website Swing Bridges were set up like a spinner in a board game, which resulted in ships crashing into them, and vehicle collisions on them were common. It was funded with contributions from [City of]Chicago (2/3) and [Township of]Lake View (1/3).  Construction costs were $7,444. The bridge was removed in 1894-5 [five years after the annexation of the City of Lake View to Chicago in 1889.] 
[As of 2018 this bridge was on its 4th design.] 
(no photo)
In 1875 when the first Belmont Avenue Bridge was built. On both sides of the North Branch of the Chicago River at Belmont were the [townships of] Lake View on the east and Jefferson on the west. The Belmont Avenue Bridge was an iron fixed bridge.  It was 77 feet long and 17 feet wide. It was designed and constructed by the King Bridge Company. Total constructed costs were $3290. Three governmental entities shared in the costs; Jefferson ($1,491), Lake View ($1,097), and Cook County ( $694). This bridge was a 77-foot-long and 19 feet wide bridge.  In 1889, the city of Chicago annexed [the City of]Lake View and [the Township of]Jefferson and took over ownership of the bridge. The bridge was removed in 1893. [As of 2018 this bridge is on its 4th design.] 
photo - Bridge
The first bridge opened September 11, 1896 [when Lake View was a still a relatively newly formed ‘district’ of Chicago and seven years after the annexation of the City of Lake View in 1889.] It was 184 feet long and 35 feet wide. It was a steel-hand operated swing bridge. 
1902 photo - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
map image - Ebay
Designer is apparently unknown. The Superstructure Contractor was Lassing Bridge and Iron Company [originally a Township/City of Lake View business.] The Substructure Contractor was Lydon and Drews Company. The cost was $31,345. [As of 2018 this bridge was on its 2nd design.]
The Other Bridges Mentioned
The initial Irving Park Road Bridge 
photo - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
Working Along the River
a 1887 view from Fullerton to Belmont
 1887 map - Historical Informational Gatherers
with a zoomed view from Fullerton to Wellington
An industrial area developed along the north branch of the Chicago River from Fullerton to Diversey what today would be called a Industrial Park. Manufacturing was the normal in this country particularly in the Chicago area. Property values was more expensive in the City of Chicago so a few manufacturers located their businesses along the river in the Township/City of Lake View. Locating a business near a river or railroad tracks were the means of transport to their customers in the region until better roads and trucks entered the scene. The manufacturers of this river area were the following: William Deering & Company - later to be called International Harvester/Deering Works, Northwestern Terra Cotta Company, Illinois Malleable Iron Works, and a few others that are mentioned in detail in my other post
A 1894 map below of the manufacturers
Living Along the River
"The question of the houseboats’ legality was about as murky as the river water. When the squatters’ camp started growing during the ‘20's, the city’s Sanitary District tried to evict the occupants, citing water pollution and navigation concerns. When a judge issued an injunction preventing the houseboats from being ousted in 1930, the colony grew. The Sanitary District of Chicago had by then completed its channelization project along the north branch which connected to the North Shore Channel."
Read more from The Digital Research Library of Illinois
The Entertainment Along the River
a 1905 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
It opened on July 2, 1904 as the German Sharpshooter Park, at the intersection of Belmont and Western Avenues. Targets [for shooting] were set up on an island in the north branch of the Chicago River, when deer roamed its' woods. But wives and children complained they had nothing to do while the men hunted; so two years later, the owners commissioned a carousel consisting of five-row wooden carousel with 70 [wooden] horses handcrafted by Swiss and Italian woodcarvers from the Philadelphia Toboggan Coaster Company according to WTTW.
a vintage postcard of the park

Post Notes: 
More on the History of Illinois
This is article from a former magazine called 'The Chicagoan' that tells the evolutionary accounting of the State of Illinois from its beginning til the article publication in 1932. 
(or click to enlarge article)
page 2
page 3
page 4

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!