October 13, 2014

The Lake View Water Works

Lake View's
The City of Lake View (former township) was annexed in 1889 to the City of Chicago becaming the District of Lake View until official 'communities' were established by 1930. The same territorial space of the City of Lake View was the same territory of the new Chicago Lake View District - Western Avenue to the west, Devon Avenue to the north, Fullerton Avenue to the south, and east to the then existing lakefront
One reason for the massive 1889 annexation [of the townships & City of Lake View] was the better quality of water provision that Chicago would be able to provide the citizens of Lake View. It took decades for Chicago's water department to service the vastly increased territory after the annexations of 1889. The water department had the difficult task of integrating many small systems into one large one, as well as extending service into areas which previously had not received water. By 1902, only Rogers Park, Norwood Park, and Austin, former suburban settlements on the extreme edges of the city, remained outside the boundaries of water extensions. While no further major annexations took place, by 1990 Chicago's water department was providing water to 90 suburban communities, as well as the city itself.Lake Michigan remains the main source of water in the metropolitan area. In 1900, the Sanitary District of Chicago completed the 28-mile Sanitary and Ship canal to reverse the flow of the Chicago River away from Lake Michigan, thereby improving the quality of lake water. Canada as well as neighboring states opposed the diversion of Lake Michigan water, and Supreme Court decisions limited the amount of Lake Michigan water that could be diverted into the Sanitary and Ship Canal (1930) and the water supply for Illinois communities (1967). As a result, the amount of water which any community in the state may draw from Lake Michigan is regulated by the Illinois Department of Transportation's Division of Water Resources. Because of these legal limitations on Illinois' use of Lake Michigan water, new allocations come at the expense of existing users and contribute to the continuing highly charged debate about water in the Chicago area. - by Ann Durkin Keating
View and read about the shoreline of Lake Michigan before the existence of roads along the lakefront from my sister site  
LakeView Historical-Facebook 
A request from the City of Lake View in 1889 before the annexation of the same year

photos from Ebay below
1910 photo - Chicago History Museum
along with interior of the crib - Library of Congress
The Supply of Water in 1891
Extension of the tunnel and 
construction of the crib
Crib and Tunnel 
Maintenance 1892
The Tunnel
The tunnel from the Crib to the pumping station 
was completed in 1891 
text - Dept of Chicago Public Works 1891
of the Water Works of Lake View
Clean Water Issues Remain
by 1895
Mapping the 
Water Works/Tunnel/Crib/Piping 
zoomed below
zoomed further below
with the Federal Marine Hospital just south of it
the proposed crib on map would be the Wilson Crib by 1917
that facilitated the elimination of the Lake View Crib by 1924 
due to storm damage
1905 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
the pumbing station
zoomed below
photo - Chicago History Museum
built 1875
when Lake View was a townshipa 1904 photo - Art Institute of Chicago
Lake View's first pumping station was authorized for construction by the township in 1875. The second station was constructed just yards south of the original by 1915 when the area was then referred to as the District of Lake View. Both stations were located on Clarendon & Montrose AvenuesThe station supplied a large portion of Chicago's northside water needs throughout the first half of the 20th century. The equipment at the second site included three Nordberg pumping engines & a Bethlehem Steel Company pumping engine, all with a capacity of pumping 25 million gallons per dayThe second & last station, abandon for decades, was demolished in 1979 and remained a park district area for decades.
The first Lake View Township Water Works Pumping Station 
was operational from 1876-1913 and then replaced 
by a more modern facility 
second station construction photos below
A temporary building was constructed to streamline the process from one building to another
the temporary centrifuge
A temporary station needed to be built so continue the water supply to the residents of Lake View
one building is razed while the building rises
The second pumping station 1913-1959
View of Montrose Avenue after the pipe vault was buried
image 1
 image 2
  image 3
  image 4
The Interior of the 
Second Building

a Lawrence Avenue Beach view 
with pumping station chimney in background - unknown date 
Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection
Still no Clean Water
in 1912
a 1928 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map 
of the second pumping station
Aerial View 
in 1925 from the breakwater of Montrose Harbor
(to enlarge)
zoomed view of the station (chimney)
The Stations Last Days
photos - Friends of Cuneo-Facebook
view west on Montrose Avenue east of razed hospital
an aerial view of the smoke stack to the right of the photo
Clarendon at Irving Park Road 1960ish 
with a view of the plants chimney 
in the distance east of the hospital 
The abandoned pumping station  - view west 1970's below
 Plans for the old station 
in 1971
The Planned Development
of the Area
The general scope of the planned development was a major concern to neighborhood associations & block clubs due to the traffic concerns of a massive project like this one. 
the area with inserts 
of the past and future
The New 
'Lake View Station'
this development named after the original Water Works will be located across the street on the west side of Clarendon. Must of the property of the old station would 
remain in the hands of the park district
the original planned development above
the last rendition below

Planned Development 2013
 via the 46th Chicago Ward office
A mid 2018 view from Google Maps
the original Lake View Water Works was located 
at the tennis courts

Post Notes:
Historical Summary of the
Water Works
 page 2
  page 3
View another source of photos of the 
from The Library of Congress

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Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!