map - HathTrust.org
Read an extensive history on the era
map - Dearborn Magazine in 1922
Native American tribes in the United States are typically divided into 8 distinct regions, within which tribes had some similarities across culture, language, religion, customs and politics.
Northwest Coast – Native Americans here had no need to farm as edible plants and animals were plentiful in the land and sea. They are known for their totem poles, canoes that could hold up to 50 people, and houses made of cedar planks.
California – Over 100 Native American tribes once lived there. They fished, hunted small game, and gathered acorns, which were pounded into a mushy meal.
The Plateau - The Plateau Native Americans lived in the area between Cascade Mountains and the Rocky Mountains. To protect themselves from the cold weather, many built homes that were partly underground.
The Great Basin – Stretching across Nevada, Utah, and Colorado, the Native Americans of the Great Basin had to endure a hot and dry climate and had to dig for a lot of their food. They were one of the last groups to have contact with Europeans.
The Southwest – The Natives of the Southwest created tiered homes made out of adobe bricks. Many of the tribes had skilled farmers, grew crops, and created irrigation canals. Famous tribes here include the Navajo Nation, the Apache, and the Pueblo Indians.
Northeast - The Native Americans of the Northeast lived in an area rich in rivers and forests. Some groups were constantly on the move while others built permanent homes.
The Plains – The Great Plains Indians were known for hunting bison, buffalo and antelope, which provided abundant food. They were nomadic people who lived in teepees and they moved constantly following the herds. - Ancient Originals
WEST RIDGE — Ancient artifacts from an "enormous" Native American settlement were uncovered along a gravel and sand ridge that passes through the land that is soon to become a city park near Rosehill Cemetery, officials said. Phil Millhouse, an archeologist with the Illinois Archeological Survey, said he and his colleagues performed "shovel tests" on the site earlier this year when they came across fragments of arrow points, knives, ceramics and possibly a cooking kit. "It turned out there was a very large prehistoric village on that ridge of sand and gravel that runs off the lake," he said. The "enormous" site surrounded by wetlands had been occupied possibly thousands of years before Europeans settled the area.
The State of llinois Facts by 1822
The establishment of the counties along the rivers came first due only economical transportation route at the time - rivers
let alone a Lake View Township within it
With the Potawatomi removed the white settlers from the East came in greater numbers.
top right along the river was the fort
from Kenneth Swedroe via Original Chicago-Facebook
images - The Digital Research Library of the Illinois
a 1832 view
Chicago History Museum Collection
a 1853 view - Michael Thomas
via Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
1830 map - via Chicago Past
another view more detail 1830
photo - via Patrick McBriarty Windy City Historians-Facebook
1839 map - Harvard Digital Library
images - Online Archive of California
This book written by a woman who survived the earlier days of Chicago. The book was published in 1911 and the author was in her 80's. These pages highlight her memory of the 1830's shortly after her family's arrived from New York.
from a book called Chicago: growth of a metropolis
images - HathTrust.org
from a book called This is Cook County
Lake View was chartered as a City in Illinois
a 1887 view from Fullerton to Belmont
1887 map - Historical Informational Gatherers
with a zoomed view from Fullerton to Wellington
Chicago history based on conditions that existed
between 1910 and 1925
There was a time when downstate Illinois controlled the state which was not to Chicago’s advantage. Throughout Illinois history parts of Illinois have threatened or planned to secede from the state of Illinois, mainly because of the Chicago area being too dominant. However according to Chicago’s history, society the city once proposed to secede from Illinois to form the "State of Chicago." On June 27, 1925, Chicagoans were talking secession. Maybe Chicago should break off from Illinois and form a new state.
The Illinois Constitution was being violated. Every ten years, following the federal census, the legislative districts were supposed to be redrawn. That hadn’t been done since 1901. Downstaters controlled the state legislature. Letting Chicago have more seats would take away their power. So the legislature had simply refused to redistrict after the 1910 census. They had again refused after the 1920 census. Chicago’s population had grown from 2,.2 million to 2.7 million during that time.
According to Alderman John Toman, the city deserved five more state senators and fifteen more state representatives. So, Toman offered a resolution to the city council—that the city’s lawyer should investigate how Chicago might secede from Illinois. The resolution passed unanimously.
Obviously, there were going to be problems. The U.S. Constitution specifically stated that no new state could be carved from part of an existing state unless the existing state approves it. Would downstate be willing to let Chicago go, and lose all that tax revenue? Probably not. But perhaps sometime in the future. Besides, there were ways of getting around the Constitution. Kentucky was a part of Virginia in 1792, Maine was a part of Massachusetts in 1820, and West Virginia was a part of Virginia in 1863 during the Civil War.
The proposed State of Chicago would take in all of Cook County. Suburbia was tiny in 1925. Out of 3 million people in the county, about 2.7 lived within the Chicago city limits. The secessionists said they’d consider including DuPage and Lake counties, too.
Most Chicagoans seemed to like the idea of being a separate state. Along with being freed from the downstate dictators, Chicago would enjoy more clout on the national stage. The new state would rank 11th out of 49 in population.
Even if the plan didn’t become a reality, the threat was worth making. “Chicago is having trouble getting a square deal from the state,” a South Side electrician said. “I believe the only way to get back at them is to rebel. That would give them something to think about.”
During the 1960s, the U.S. Supreme Court’s various “one man, one vote” rulings gave the city its fair share of legislature seats so Chicago no longer saw the need to become its own state and the plan to leave Illinois became part of Chicago’s forgotten history.