June 15, 2015

The Township/City Communities

The Communities Within
from Devon to Fullerton,
the then existing lakefront to Western Avenue
Township 1857-1887
City 1887-1889
The apparent communities as of 1862 were Pine Grove, Andersonville, and Henrytown

The Township/City Borders 
Sectional Map View of 1869
While this map does not show communites this map does indicate planned development of the former township
 northern section with Devon Avenue once 71st Street as the border between the then Evanston Township
the midsection of Lake View Township
 below the lower section
Van Vechten's 1870 map
via David Rumsey Historical Map Collection
The communities mentioned in this map are Pine Grove, Ravenswood, Andersonville, and Henrytown.
zoomed sections below
northern section
 mid section above 
with lower section below with ther red line 
that indicated the border with Chicago at Fullerton Avenue 
& the north branch of the Chicago River
The Township/City 
Lake View's form of government changed in 1887 to 1889 from a township to a city. All the communities list below were also 
city communities.
The Community of 
"In 2013 winter caused irreparable damage to the original tank, which was made of wood and iron. The tank’s base cracked under a thick piece of ice, allowing water to leak directly into the museum. "The 'Polar Vortex' was too much for the water tower tank," said  Abercrombie. "It damaged the wood and it wasn't safe and secure anymore." Although restorative work was completed on the tank just a few years ago, the average life span of water tanks built in the early 1900s is no more than 100 years. Because of this, museum officials are in the process of designing an alternative replica, which will not be a functioning water tower, but will serve as a neighborhood landmark and an ode to the neighborhood’s Swedish roots." - DNAinfo

dedication photos by Greg O'Neill

According to one urban legend the Andersonville may have been named after a Norwegian minister named John Anderson. Mr. Anderson purchase property just south of Foster Avenue east of Ashland Avenue in the late 1840’s. Apparently, one of the first schools in the township was Conrad Sulzer School (Ravenswood Elementary) the other, was named after Mr. Anderson simply called Andersonville School. This school once located on the southwest corner of Foster and Clark Street (1855-1925) served as a meeting place for early township civic leaders.

map - Edgewater Buzzthanks Bob!
'Surprisingly, an old map was uncovered by Edgewater’s own Thom Greene of Greene & Proppe Design, Inc. The map, circa 1883, will blow all conventional ideas of where Andersonville boundaries were back then. According to the document, Andersonville was located from Clark to Ravenswood and Foster to what appears to be Ainslie. This map shows that the original Andersonville did not include any land north of Foster, but that Andersonville must have grown into its present day boundaries after business’s along Clark Street in the 1960’s resurrected the Andersonville name to market the commercial area.' Read more about it! 

'Andersonville  was originally part  of a  much  larger  area,  Lake View,  a name  that had been taken from a hotel on the shoreline.  In  1857  Lake View  was incorporated  as a  township.  It  had  become  a  well organized community when it was  annexed by Chicago in  1889  as  the city  was preparing  for the World's  Columbian  Exposition.  After  the  Great  Fire  of 1871,  "Swedetown"  on the near  north  side  of Chicago lost its importance;  and its residents  started moving further north.  Some  settled  in the Belmont-Sheffield area  while  others went further north to the  Clark-Foster area. For quite a few of them,  the Belmont-Sheffield sojourn was  only an interlude before  moving  all the way north to Andersonville.' - North Park University

The township was envisioned by civic leaders 
in this school

The old school had seen
better days by 1912
The Community of
This community should have been part 
of the 77 community's of Chicago, in my humble opinion
a 1887 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
bordered on Lawrence (E. Jefferson) to the north 
and Montrose (E. Sulzer) to the south; Clark to Lincoln Avenue with a section from Ravenswood to Clark south 
to Irving Park Road once known as Graceland.
A Rough Beginning

'The beautiful new homes with neat lawns were surrounded by open ditches and muddy streets. The Ravenswood Land Company did not build sewers or sidewalks and the neighboring Jefferson Township refused to allow any possible Ravenswood sewers to run through its land and into the Chicago River.' - their Chamber of Commerce

History Re-Visited 
in 1929 
1894 Sanborn Fire Map
five years after the annexation to Chicago
This book was written about the County of Cook by historician A.T.Andreas and mentions Ravenswood in it
Martin Van Allen, leader of the 
Ravenswood Land Company  
By 1884 the Ravenswood Historical Society presently called the Ravenswood-Lake View Historical Association was established and was to be located in a 30 x 40 two story brick building on the southwest corner of Commercial and Graceland (Hermitage & Irving Park Road). Apparently, the building included a ground floor library and reading room and the top floor a lecture hall and doubled as a concert hall. The present collection of photography, maps, and publications are currently located at the Sulzer Regional Library in Community of Lincoln Square called the Northside Collection.
The photo above include the following: 
 Ravenswood M.E. Church, H. L. Harmount & Co. Real Estate Office, Bennett Block, Library Hall, 
and All Saint's Episcopalian Church - 1890
Built in 1872 in the Township of Lake View - unknown date 

 Views of late 19th Century 
This photo must have been taken from the 
original Wilson-Ravenswood rail platform 
Dr. Frank Van Allen (and family), a graduate of Lake View High School & Yale University Medical School.
 His father, Martin Van Allen, 
was a leader of the Ravenswood Land Company
Ravenswood Station (Post ofc) Mail Carriers 
in 1894
Geographic Claims
The Community of Lincoln Square lays claim to parts of the original Ravenswood township/city community. Several other City of Chicago communities lay claim such as the Lake View, Uptown, and North Central. When the 77 communities of Chicago were proclaimed the old community of Ravenswood lost its vintage title as a official community. I believe missed an oportunity and its heritage.
The Community 
of Henrytown
Once located on the edge of RoseHill Cemetery as early as 1862. The only reference I have for now is from 'History of Cook County, Illinois: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, 1884' of a resident named Lawrence Baer.
The Community of
Pine Grove 
The community of Pine Grove's 'claim to fame' is the first resort/hotel in the area that double as a real estate mecca for the community - called Lake View House established in 1854. The name Lake View was so popular the name would be re-used for the new Township of Lake View. 
I have a separate post on Lake View House.
with Lake View House highlighted
text below - LakeView Saga 1837- 1985

Lake View House (Hotel)
The Community of 
The following information and maps are primarily 
and History of Cook County by A.T. Andreas
Map - Edgewater Historical Society
In 1885, John Lewis Cochran (p. 769) purchased vacant land to build a subdivision called 'Edgewater'. East of Broadway and bounded by Bryn Mawr and Foster Avenues, this new community was the first planned development to have paved streets, electric lighting, drainage system, street cleaning and tree trimming. 
sstation house 1905 - Daily News Archives
As of 1895
by The Edgewater Historical Society
Cochran - Wikipedia
'In 1885, John Lewis Cochran, a tobacco salesman for the McDowell Tobacco Company of Philadelphia began to purchase land along the lakeshore from Foster Avenue (once called 59th Street in the Township of Lake View) to Bryn Mawr, a street he named. This land west of what is now Sheridan Road was his first purchase and he named it Edgewater. He had a vision of a suburb much like the suburbs of Philadelphia that extended out from that city along a railroad called the Main Line. The train line that ran through Edgewater was the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul line. Cochran persuaded the railroad to open a station at Bryn Mawr which he had built of wood and stone in the Eastern Architectural style called Shingle Style. At the same time he built a large recreation and business building he called the Guild Hall in the same style. He had engaged an architect, Joseph Lyman Silsbee to design this and some houses which were built on Kenmore and Winthrop.' 

1894 Sanborn Fire Map
This community was known for its horse stables and 'horse and cycle clubs' such as the Edgewater Stables.
The Community of
Established 1875
1894 Sanborn Fire Map above
'Summerdale, named by the developers of  'Clybourn Addition' to community of Ravenswood, was located south of Foster and west of the RR tracks. The community's station was located just south of Farragut and originally on the west of the tracks' according to 
Edgewater Historical Society. According to the same source, the origin of the name Summerdale is not known, but the son of one of the Edgewater developers thought it was chosen because it 
"sounded pleasant". 
Also, according to sources from the Edgewater Historical Society, "the community was described in 1904 as “…a sprawling area of 'truck gardens' (vegetables to market). The streets were all laid out and paved with macadam. There were even sidewalks, some of them concrete. But there was no gas, no electricity. From Rosehill Drive to Lawrence Avenue, there were no more than twenty buildings along Ashland Avenue.”
1900 photo - Ravenswood-Lake View Community Collection 
Kids of Summerdale
photo 1888 - Sulzer Regional Library
The Area of 
also was known as Wrights Grove 
& Wright Woods
The Home of Camp Fry
Home of some 
Illinois based Civil War regiments
photo via Stephen Osman
text below - Wikipedia
The Community of
 1894 Sanborn Fire Map
Graceland Avenue = Irving Park Road
map above - illustration from Lisa von Drehle 
via Buena Park Neighbors Community-Facebook
In 1887 James B. Waller, a long-time resident of the Township of Lake View began to sell of his property by subdividing his 35 acres to land speculators and developers. 
The Buena House
The Waller home is now the site of St. Mary of the Lake Catholic church built and dedicated in 1917. Including in the 35 acres was a "pebbled crescent shaped beach" along the then existing lakefront per a Daily Tribune 1889 article. 
Fry, Rowena, circa 1898-1990 - artist
 artwork - Chicago History Museum 
Buena Park and Robert Waller were amortized by Chicagoan poet Eugene Field in a 1894 ballet called 
'The Delectable Ballad of the Waller Lot' ...
The poet's home was located in Waller's subdivided property near the intersection of Clarendon and Hutchinson Avenues near the historical Hutchinson Street District.
'Up yonder in Buena Park! 
There is a famous spot,in legend and in history,
the Waller lot' 
1887 Rascher's Atlas
of Waller Family home
zoomed view below
1905 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
of once Marine Hospital
photo - Ebay
This federal administered hospital was built in 1875 located between Graceland (Irving Park Road) and Sulzer Road (Montrose Avenue). 
I have a separate post on this hospital.
Sulzer (Montrose) Avenue Beach - 1887
The intersection of Evanston (Broadway) Sheridan Road and Montrose Avenue - Lake View District 1891
front and back of same photo
and someone's back yard in 1907
 Buena Park by 1910's - from Ebay
of Interest
Lincoln Park, the park 
moves north in 1904
in 1985

a Google View
The Baby Carriage Race
of  1911
Strict Rules
photos - Art Institute of Chicago

photo - Uptown Update
Robert A. Waller (relation to James?) was a major landowner 
who influenced township/city community affairs for decades
The Greenlee home along the lakefront
below - The Jenney Home
along the lakefront
A Llyod Wright designed home?
composite - Allen Juris 
via Forgotten Chicago Discussion Group/Facebook
One of Many 
Survivors of our Time
View more buildings of the neighborhood 
via Fickr
by Yo Chicago
of Old Lake View:
1894 Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps
Community of
Argyle Park
Community of
High Ridge
Community 0f
Rose Hill
An Editorial Piece
from 1880
How do I Spell it and from where?

This Community that
must be Mentioned
1894 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
Bownanville was then 
located in Jefferson Township - west of Western Avenue
according to maps. The green represents Jefferson Township while the yellow is Lake View
This is one of the oldest communities to influence the old townships of Lake View and Jefferson. In fact, this community was founded in what was once Ridgeville Township (1850-1857). In 1857 that township was basically split in two. 
Western Avenue was the border of both Lake View & Jefferson townships with the community of Bowmanville located on what if may appear to be both sides of Western until the annexation of both townships to the City of Chicago. By 1930 the Community of Bowmanville would be located east of Western Avenue. 
Bowanville had enormonus influence over former townships by using Little Fort Road (Lincoln Avenue) as aroute to their Chicago markets for their green house products.
Pre-European History to be Re-discovered
"There aren't many accounts of the prehistoric connection to Chicago especially for the city's Bowmanville neighborhood but for decades, neighbors have known of the area's prehistoric legacy.
"I was really fascinated to learn that our entire neighborhood had been a part of a native habitation," said 20-year Bowmanville resident Barry Kafka. "I’m frustrated that we don’t know more about it," Kafka said. Oral history in the neighborhood suggested that since the early 1900's, people had been digging up ancient artifacts in their backyards. But, unfortunately, history had never been properly recorded to help reconstruct the lives of humans who lived thousands of years ago in what is now modern Chicago." Read more ...
Bowmanville in Photos
The above aerial photograph showing farms, homes, streets, telephone poles, and open land where the L.A. Budlong Company, a first successful commercial greenhouse in Jefferson Township. The company at one time occupy 400 hundred acres of land. According the publication Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler "the workers were originally paid at the end of the day in silver dollars, known as 'Budlong Dollars' or simply 'Budlongs' ". Also, the book mentions that "by the turn of the 20th century, they had between eighteen to twenty greenhouses described by one visitor as a 'virtual village of glass'. Apparently, some greenhouses remained as late as 1980's.
Status of the School
in 1903

Walking along Devon Avenue
 west of Western Avenue in 1914
photo - Jerri Walker - Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
on Facebook!
“This is Devon Avenue in 1914 looking east from about Claremont, just east of Western Ave. The people are from L to R my great aunt, my Mother, my grandmother, Uncle, and another grand aunt. They are walking from Angel Guardian /St Henry’s church (steeple barely visible in the background) back to a truck farm on the SW corner of Rockwell and Devon where my grandparents worked.
How Devon has changed!” – Calumet 412
An Adult Field Trip 
in 1909
4800 North Lincoln Avenue
photo below - Chuckman Collection
a view of the intersection of Lincoln/Lawrence/Western at the edge of the District of Lake View - Bowmanville 1920's

Post Notes:
more about it
by The Edgewater Historical Society

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