June 09, 2011

Hospitals: Past & Present

A Doctor of Call in
Old Lake View area
Lake View Township Department 
of Health Rules
 by 1886
Board of Health 
and Sanitary Regulations
to read the complete list of regulations
#13 Hospitals and Quarantine
After Annexation of 1889
text - Chicago Medical Society 1910
Lake View Area Hospitals: 
Marine Hospital 
for Sailors & Soldiers
Township/City of Lake View
the Federal military Hospital for the Chicago area
My next post is on this particular subject
postcard dated 1912 - Ebay

Township of Lake View
735 W Fullerton Avenue
first hospital for children only
just south of Fullerton Avenue from the District of Lake View
Fullerton Avenue was the border between old Lake View and the City of Chicago before 1889
image - Lincoln Park by Melaine Apel 

Children’s Memorial Hospital was founded in 1884 as the Maurice Porter Memorial Hosptial, an eight-bed cottage at Halsted and Belden. The city’s first hospital dedicated to children, it was started by wealthy, philanthropic widow Julia Foster Porter. Porter was a reclusive woman who wore all black, the result of losing her father, husband and son in the span of six years. She named the hospital after her firstborn son who died at 13 years old of acute rheumatism.

image - Lincoln Park by Melaine Apel
This hospital had two initial locations, Belden and Halsted and then 909 W Fullerton Avenue between 1892 and 1897 
both in area of Lincoln Park
images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
and then it moved 
again to became ....
Children's Memorial Hospital
images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
to be renamed 
due to the First World War 
and then renamed again to
Lincoln Park Hospital
pre 1909 address of 1629 = 731 post 1909 address
postcard - via Alexandra Tibble
1911 advertisement - Alexandra Tibble
Should the Child been Saved?
Chicago General Hospital
Lake View Township
initially called 
Home of Incurables in 1887
by 1950 it was called 
Pinel Santiarium
*same location but several name changes*
images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
1887 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
1891 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
1894 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
name change to
National Temperance Hospital 
& Santiarium
1923 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
another name change to
Chicago General Hospital
The Lake View Hospital
District of Lake View
Frank Cuneo Memorial Hospital
postcard images - Chicago History in Postcards
image - History of Medicine & Surgery 1922
Once located on the northwest corner area of Montrose and Clarendon avenues. A Frank Cuneo, Jr. donated the original building to Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, an organization founded by Mother Francis Xavier Cabrini, a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. By 1957 the hospital expanded east across the street on Clarendon Avenue
this building would be ulimately be replaced by the 
Maryville Academy by the 1970's
The Newer Hospital 
Frank Cuneo Memorial Hospital, a 140-bed women and children’s hospital, was dedicated by Cardinal Stritch in 1957 in a ceremony attended by Mayor Richard J. Daley. The hospital was built for the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, who also built Columbus Hospital at 2520 N. Lakeview. The hospital was endowed first by Frank Cuneo and then by his son John F. Cuneo, Sr. John Cuneo.
(University of Illinois at Chicago) 1958
 Chicago - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago) 1958
the bridge that connect the initial hospital with the then new annex
 photos below - Ebay
2009 Google Views
view northeast of Cuneo Hospital
view below northwest
of the Columbus/Maryville Academy, the former space 
of the Lake View Hospital
District of Lake View
to be called 
Columbus Hospital
The original building was constructed in 1890, one years after the City of Lake View was annexed to the City of Chicago. It was located on the southeast corner of Deming and Lake View Avenue.
1891 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
a former hotel
1894 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
zoomed below
1923 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
Columbus Hospital
2520 N Lake View Avenue
and still the home of Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini Chapel
but now a location for residential living

text - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
A 1909 postcard from the Chuckman Collection
The Chapel and her Apartment
postcard - Ebay
Frances Cabrini, a Catholic saint as of 1946 after her death in 1917, made her presence at this hospital
1959 photo - Art Institute of Chicago
After ten years of negotiations 
the shrine was saved 
and the new condo development was realized
page - East Lake View by Matthew Nickerson
The Shrine
images - YouTube 
photo below - Catholic New World 
the chapel/shine was once part of the hospital itself and owned by the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus not the hospital
District of Lake View
postcard - Ebay
I contend when the Lincoln Park Sanitarium became Columbus Hospital the Chicago Daily News decided to build and open their own sanitarium along the newly land-filled area of Lincoln Park
images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
1929 aerial view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection 
Established in 1887 when Lake View citizens voted for a city charter (1887-1889) was the establishment of the Chicago Daily News  'open-aired' sanitariumThe property was located north of Fullerton Avenue and at the time north of Lincoln Park, the park before park was land-filled northward. 
One of the most common and pervasive approaches for people with the most common pulmonary diesease was the treatment of rest 
and fresh air of patients.
1903 lakefront view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
1902 front yard view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
and below a 1907 inside view - Chicago History Museum 
via Explore Chicago Collection - reversed negative image
View more photos
Kenner's Charitable Hospital
once located between Sheridan Road
and (inner) Lake Shore Drive on Briar Place
*farm sought foods was the key for recovery*
This hospital struggled with zoning and federal tax issues from 1944 to 1955. This hospital was rezoned and later converted from an  stately mansion estate to a hospital and then to high-rise residential building. All the buildings within the concrete wall was razed by 1959 to make way for the skyscaper of a building.
(My Facebook Album)
Not all Nieghbors are Happy 
about a Hospital in 1947
Lost a tax break in 1955
The Replacement in 1962
District of Lake View 
1931 W Wilson Avenue
a tale of endless expansion 
and a failure policy

the original building
image - Illinois Medical Directory 1910
text image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
 postcard - Ebay
photo album page - Frank McGuire via Historic Chicago-Facebook
Fred Kissner was the photographer 
dated 1915 - Ebay
This hospital had a bright future and then suddenly an unforgiving end. View the articles and links below about its history that finally resulted was its' demolition.
1951 a nursing school 
1961 another expansion

1964 and another expansion
buying another 
health care facility in 1991  
The Beginning of the End
In 1998 this hospital failed a young man in need. 
According this article 'One friend ran inside the hospital and got two police officers to rush to Christopher’s aid. The officers and witnesses begged hospital staff to assist, but they demurred citing hospital policy that forbid them to exit the building. The officers on scene were also bound by protocol to not move injured people and wait for paramedics. At 6:23pm  a request for an ambulance went out over police radio. Ignoring protocol one of the officers finally commandeered a wheelchair and rushed Christopher into the emergency room with a barely detectable pulse.' Christophers' death received US presidential admonishment according to Jet magazine in 1998

Ravenswood Hospital CEO John Blair got an earful from employees and local residents in the weeks after he announced a proposed merger between Advocate Health Care, which owns Ravenswood, and Illinois Masonic Medical Center. Blair took great pains to point out that this wasn’t just a merger between his hospital and Illinois Masonic, but that the two were the biggest hospitals in what Advocate envisioned as a new “multisite health-delivery system for the North Side.” He explained, “The driving factor behind the deal is declining reimbursement, from federal and state government as well as HMOs and PPOs. Although we have cut our costs, we’re projected to lose $24 million over the next five years. At Illinois Masonic that figure is $30 million over the same period. That’s not a viable economic model.” - TheeErin/Flickr 2000

It's Replacement

In the late summer or early fall of 2015, if all goes according to plans, the doors will open on a new, multi-story, dual-language French and English international school near the corner of Damen and Wilson avenues in Chicago’s Ravenswood neighborhood. The school’s address will be 1929 W. Wilson Ave., which is just east of Damen, at the site of the former Ravenswood Hospital. Construction of the new school campus is set to begin next month. (The school is operating now, and has been for almost 20 years, on the lakefront near the intersection of Irving Park Rd. and Marine Dr., at 613 W. Bittersweet Place.) The name of the school, the Lycée Français de Chicago, literally translates from French as “the French High School of Chicago.” However, this school, which was started by a small group of international parents in Chicago in 1995, has much broader ambitions: the school teaches toddlers as young as 3, all the way up to teenagers of 17 or 18 ready for college. 
A Rebirth of the Hospital Space
in 2019

RAVENSWOOD — Construction crews began work last week on a senior housing project at the former Ravenswood Hospital. Evergreen Real Estate Group will turn the vacant 10-story hospital at 4501 N. Winchester Ave. into 119 supportive living apartments and 74 independent living apartments. Following the hospital’s controversial closing in 2002, two of the buildings were converted to apartments and medical offices. Another part of the campus was taken over by Lycee Francais Chicago to build a $35 million, 3.8-acre campus for its students. But the main hospital structure remained vacant and fell into disrepair. Evergreen, which specializes in affordable development, announced plans to redevelop the vacant hospital in 2016, but needed a state law changed in order to move forward with having the supportive living and independent housing exist in the same building. That law changed in 2018. As of last Friday, construction crews have been prepping the site for $81 million redevelopment, according to Evergreen’s CEO Jeff Rappin. “We’re looking at 18 months to get this project completed so it’ll be open by 2021,” Rappin said.

669 W Irving Park Road
District of Lake View
Dr. Samuel Burrows founded the Burrow's Hospital and held the title of head surgeon. The hospital was established in 1927 and apparently closed by the mid 20th century. According to a 1930 Chicago Daily News article his father Thomas (retired?) was also a doctor who resided in the same hospital, former hotel, til his death in September 1930.
1950 Sanborn Fire Map - top left corner
1923 Sanborn Fire Map
The hospital was the former Irving-Pine Hotel
The American Hospital
850 W Irving Park Road
District of Lake View
currently the location of
 Thorek Hospital 
 images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
North Chicago Hospital
2551 N Clark Street
District of Lake View
Community of Lincoln Park
to become 
Illinois Children Hospital
 images - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
1923 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
2565-2551 N Clark
1950 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
Illinois Children Hospital
much narrow property space
District of Lake View
once associate to the Illinois Masonic Hospital
image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
 photo - Chicago History in Postcards
The building is still located on Belmont west of Broadway 
This training hospital was named after John Benjamin Murphy who advocated his professional life in the treatment of appendicitis to prevent complications. He performed one of the first operations in early acute appendicitis in 1889. Once located at 628 W Belmont Avenue the 'Lake View Hospital Association & Training School for Nurses' was established as early as 1910. 
New Name for Nursing Hospital in 1921 
once part of the 
Union Hospital
that was purchased by
Illinois Masonic Hospital Association
booklet is part of my personal collection

1923 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map 
sold to the Sisters of Mercy 
in 1928
 Closed and Re-used 1940
1950 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map 
new name of the building
Sister of Mercy Principal House
currently rentals
initially called the 
Chicago Union Hospital
The newly formed Illinois Masonic Hospital Association, 
a Masonic organization purchased Chicago Union Hospital from the Belden Avenue Baptist Church in 1921
 image - History of Medicine and Surgery 1910
photo via York W Chan built in 1901 
The 1901 hospital burned down and was ultimately 
replaced with a brick building in 1908/09
An Initial Rendering
of the Future Property in 1903

1908 postcard - my personal collection
Too Close to a Public School in 1907
WWI holds Future Construction in 1918
Billing Invoices
3010 Soult Street
Soult Street would became Florence 
that would become Dayton Street
 via Christine Granat 
and below via York W Chan
830 W Wellington
Enter the
 Illinois Masonic Hospital
text - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
1933 photo above via York W Chan
1923 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map 

Beginning modestly when a caring company of men and women, members of a Baptist Sunday School Class, resolved to build a hospital to meet the health needs of their community, the hospital emerged into a major Masonic enterprise dedicated to healing of the ills of humankind. "When it became obvious that the hospital enterprise involved more than could be managed by members of a well-intentioned Sunday School Class, most of them were Masons or members of the Eastern Star, leaders of the hospital turned to the Masonic Order. It was a fortuitous development since Masons were planning to develop a hospital to provide care for their own, and in 1921 purchased the Union Hospital and named it Illinois Masonic Hospital. - The Burning Taper

A Pictorial History 
photographed from the 1st floor 
of 836 Wellington building's hallway 
photos - Garry Albrecht 

 also shown is Morris Elementary School (demolished)

expansion photos
construction of building # 6 1958
photos - UIC via Explore Chicago
both postcards - Ebay
1960's photo below - Illinois Lodge of Research 
a care unit for HIV patients 

M.K. Czerwiec worked at Illinois Masonic Hospital's dedicated HIV/AIDS ward, known as Unit 371, from 1994-2000, her first job out of nursing school—and it definitely changed her life.

"Who I am today is profoundly informed by the time I spent in that place and the people I met there," Czerwiec said. "Around 2005, when I wanted to learn some details about Unit 371 that I didn't know, such as how it started, I felt certain that a simple Internet search would reveal great stories of this place. But there was nothing. I couldn't find any information about it. So I decided that, as part of my Master's [degree] in Medical Humanities and Bioethics at Northwestern, I would begin the process of documenting the history of Unit 371. Unit 371 became a model for AIDS units at medical centers across the U.S. This medical unit was the creation of two men - David Blatt & David Moore

University of Illinois-Chicago,City 2000 collection
the old parking lot is currently the site 
of Center for Advanced Care

 photos - Lake View Patch
 Plans for Future in 2013

photo - SmithGroupJJR
This institution is recognized for its care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender patients across the array of medical needs 
and emergency services.
 2013 photo - Lake View Patch
 2013 photos below  - Lake View Patch
The new Center for Advanced Care building on Barry Avenue
The Medical Campus 
Google Earth view 2016
A New Parking Tower in 2020
with noice protection wall from the Redline 
images via Tom Tunney's 44th ward offices 
Hospital Gets Larger for 2022
November 2021

2022 Google Earth View
Amita Health 
referred by the locals as simply
St. Joe's
Township of Lake View
District of Lake View
Community of Lake View
Opening the doors to what was then known as Providence Hospital in a converted summer house near what is now the intersection of Clark Street and Diversey Avenue in what was then the town[ship] of Lake View in June 30, 1869. It was predated by Mercy Hospital, which opened near Rush Street and the Chicago River in 1852. By the time the Daughters of Charity opened their hospital, Mercy had relocated to the South Side. The Daughters of Charity hospital — named St. Joseph when it opened its first purpose-built building at what is now Burling Street and Dickens Avenue — is celebrating its 150th anniversary this year. - Chicago Catholic
of the area
text above - History of Medicine and Surgery 1922
About the Move 
to Burling Street
text below - Illinois Medical Directory 1910 
Garfield = Dickens
by what is now near OZ Park
postcard - Chicago  History in Postcards
1892 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
Cornerstone Cememory 
in 1871
About the Move to Diversey Parkway
in 1959

The Original Design
 by Belli & Belli 1956-57
photo - Friends of Cuneo-Facebook
In 1995 Saint Joseph Hospital merged with Columbus Hospital & Saint Anthony Hospital in Pilsen/Little Villagepostcard - Ebay
In 2013 construction began at Saint Joseph Hospital so to build the new Presence Center for Advanced Care, an almost $150 million expansion project that took two years to complete 
  photos - Lake View Patch
photo - Tom Tunney
first rendition above - via Lake View Patch
The Building on the Corner
And across the street on the northwest corner of Diversey Parkway and Sheridan Road was once the Amalgamated Meat Cutters International & Butcher Workmen Headquarters that is presently used by the hospital as office space.
postcard - Chuckman Collection
Amalgamated Meat Cutters International & Butcher Workmen Headquarters was associated with the 
Stock Yards and meatpacking industry
photos - Photographic Images of Change 
(University of Illinois at Chicago)
1959 - from Greg Russell, Forgotten Chicago on Facebook
The building was sold to St. Joseph's in 1980

2022 Google Earth View

Post Notes:
The Pandemic Covid-19 

On Dec. 31, 2019, Chinese authorities alerted the World Health Organization of pneumonia cases in Wuhan City, Hubei province, China, with an unknown cause. What started as a mystery disease was first referred to as 2019-nCoV and then named COVID-19.

At that time, nearly 120,000 cases and 4,000 deaths from the virus had been reported across 118 countries. COVID-19 had just started to take a grip in the United States, leading to the first-known cases and deaths just weeks before the calendar flipped to March. When the WHO declared COVID-19 as a pandemic, there were many unknowns about the virus itself and its ramifications on public health, but the main focus was to limit its spread and severity of illness. Ultimately, the declaration came with a realization that the novel coronavirus would be unavoidable for months to come and possibly longer. By the end of the week, COVID-19′s impact could be felt in several aspects of life, including education, business, politics, sports and entertainment. Mask mandates and virus testing had not yet been the norm, but cities began shutting down, employers shifted to remote working and school closures piled up in efforts to limit the spread. - KY3

No Baseball 
for awhile
a 2020 report from WGN

Wrigley Field is chipping in 

CHICAGO – Without any sports to host, venues are finding a new and important purpose during the COVID-19 pandemic. The United Center has been up and running as a logistics hub for the past few weeks, with boxes filling up a floor on which the Bulls and Blackhawks would normally compete on at this time of the year. Wrigley Field would be in the first month of hosting games for the Cubs during the 2020 season, but due to the pandemic, it sits empty as the middle of April approaches. On Tuesday, the Cubs announce that Wrigley Field along with neighboring Hotel Zachary will be used in the local COVID-19 response efforts over the coming weeks or months. The concourse of the ballpark will be used as food packing and distribution center for Lakeview Pantry. This effort will start this week and take place every Monday-Saturday from 9 AM to 4 PM for the foreseeable future. This Saturday, the pantry will begin distribution services at Wrigley Field and will continue every Tuesday and Saturday until further notice. As for Hotel Zachary, it will serve as a host for health care workers from now until April 30th for health care workers at Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center. Each worker will keep the same room the entire time and be allowed to have food delivered to the hotel. - WGN

Boystown is in 
like the rest of the city
From the 
Chamber of Commerce
 News in April 16, 2020
From Shelter-in-Place
to Re-opening with Guidelines
in June 2020

“Since COVID-19 arrived in Chicago, we have been guided by the data when making decisions about necessary steps to protect people and keep from overwhelming our healthcare system,” said CDPH Commissioner Allison Arwady, M.D. “This doesn’t mean COVID is gone, it simply means transmission levels are lower than they have been during surges. I still encourage people to take precautions and definitely get vaccinated to protect yourself and your loved ones.” The vaccine requirement for restaurants, bars, gyms and other indoor public settings where food and beverages are served went into effect on January 3 in response to the alarming rise in COVID-19 cases both locally and nationally, driven in part by the Omicron variant.  More Chicagoans were hospitalized with COVID-19 during the Omicron surge than at any prior point in the pandemic and the great majority of these hospitalizations were in unvaccinated Chicagoans.  Masks will continue to be required in health care settings, on public transit, and in other congregate settings. As the City transitions its mitigation measures to remove the mask requirement, many Chicagoans will continue to wear masks in public spaces for a variety of reasons, even if they are vaccinated. For example, after 5 days of isolation or quarantine, masks will continue to be required in days 6-10 in public spaces, as they are now. - City of Chicago 

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Federal Marine Hospital

 Important Note:

These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!      

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