June 22, 2011

Political Representation

Who Represents Lake View
(Facebook Album)
This post is related to other posts called
Community Area(s) and Community Associations
by the mid 20th century the 
Community of Lake View was mostly represented 
by alderman of the 44th, 45th, and 46th wards. The 46th ward dominated Lake View for most of this period.
Planning began in June 1872 & 
the architect was a Mr. Rose according to a 1874 article
This post mostly covers the governmental representation since the annexation of the City of Lake View in 1889. Prior to that date from 1857 to 1887 a township form of government was established and granted by the State of Illinois within the County of Cook. 
The Old Town Hall
1872 - 1907
History of Cook County by Alfred Theodore Andreas

March 1873 article - Chicago Public Library
image - Calumet 412 
Lake View's 'Old Town Hall' included 
police, postal, and council chambers of the 
township trustees and then city alderman
The political and governmental administrative center of the township/city from 1872 to the annexation of 1889 was on the northwest corner of Addison and Halsted Streets. While the original building lost its political status after the annexation the residents District of Lake View gained a police presence with the construction of the second building commonly referred to as the Old Town Hall in 1907.
Maps of the Area 1887
The town hall was located 
 just west of subdivision of Pine Grove 
David Rumsey Map Historical Map Collection
located on the lower left of this
Sanborn Fire Map via Historic Map Works 1887
photo - late 19th century from
Robert Zamora - Forgotten Chicago-Facebook
below is a photo of it in 1889 minus the grand stairs that lead to the once main entrance
a 1894 Sanborn Fire Map view
 the old township building
*for an unknown reason the stairs were removed*
What If the Building Remained?
What if the building survived? The building would look similar to Placer County Government Center located in California 
just north of State capital, Sacramento.
1923 Sanborn Fire Map of the area
The new 42nd District Police Station
was stilled referred to as the Old Town Hall
1920's - Calumet 412
 1962 photo - Chicago Public Library

This two-story classical revival-style structure according to the Chicago Landmark Commission is characterized by a symmetrical facade, limestone base, and distinctive copper cornice. The architect is unknown according to Chicago Landmark Commission
In 2013 Landmark Designation was approved by the city council and rehabbed for future use according to the Chicago Tribune article in 2010.
We Will Keep our Police Station, thanks! 
A publication called Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View by Patrick Butler their were several attempts to eliminate the police station in 1975, 1983, 1987, and 1992. Neighborhood associations within Lake View battled the City of Chicago administration to keep the presence on the corner of Addison and Halsted Streets. After several decades of political battles with the City Council the police presence in Lake View remained with the construction of a modern facility in 2010 at the same location of the original township building.
photos - Wikipedia
basement work station via DNAinfo
A Testimonial of the Old Station 
by Marilyn Ross – contributor 
of Forgotten Chicago on Facebook - 2014
“The set of two windows to the right of the side door on the first floor was the youth office for many years. .. I was a youth officer and spent many hours there handling kids. It was later moved upstairs that with the window open I could hear the roost of the crowd from Wrigley. I knew when something exciting was going on there. When it was a good year for them (Cubs) the window looked directly at the Goodyear blimp hovering over the ballpark. Jail was on north-side of bldg. That was a garage. Some roll calls were held there and the windows belonged to an office where the sergeants sat.”
photo - Lake View Patch
photo - Garry Albrecht
The station was original with the 42nd precinct in 1907
In 1966, police Superintendent O.W. Wilson said that a station as old as the Town Hall couldn't "provide the space and modern equipment necessary for today's police needs.“
[The Lake View Citizen Action group and other civic associations such as the Lake View Citizens Council prevailed and the building and the police force within it remained until the new building was built in 2010.]
"The mere fact that it has remained a police station for so long has flabbergasted me," said retired officer and Chicago police historian Dave McFarlan. - Chicago Tribune 2010
The New Look for the Corner 2010
the main entrance now is on Addison
Community Room of the new 19th used for police 
and neighborhood association meetings
Redevelopment Plans along Halsted
There was another development planned for the old police property in 2011 that once housed the original Town Hall. While the old police station would be rehabbed a new building along Halsted north of the station was to house 
LGBTQ Senior Living.  It is a development partnership with Heartland Housing Inc., and Center on Halsted. The surrounding buildings - most garages were razed to accommodate the planned new structure for seniors.
Photos of the Demolished Garages
that was once part of the police station
photos - Garry Albrecht
2016 photos - Garry Albrecht
 the rehabbed old entrance to the renovated station house
 the rehabbed interior entrance to old station house
and below old entrance during the rehabbing phase
photo - Heartland Alliance Housing
a photo of the renovated police station via FivePrime below
photos - Heartland Alliance Housing
The 2013 photos below show that demolition of the adjacent  buildings to the old station to be replaced by the first of its kind in the nation senior center for LBGTQ friendly folks
Dedication Day 2014
2014 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
2014 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
2014 photo - Tom Tunney-Facebook
The Old Town Hall and Senior Center 2014 side by side
image - Bobby McClanhan contributor of
Forgotten Chicago-Facebook 
View this YouTube video on this innovative facility
 The section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
Most of the neighborhood of Lake View 
is represented by this ward.
The southern border of Lake View is Diversey Parkway.
 The section of the ward map that pertains 
to the Community of Lake View
The border of this ward in relationship to the neighborhood of Lake View is a bit gagged. Irving Park Road is the northern border with Lake View while the southern border 
 is Stratford Place (northern residents of Stratford Place)
View the link above for more details.
  the section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
Ravenswood Avenue is the western border of Lake View
 the section of the ward map that pertains 
to the neighborhood of Lake View
Ravenswood Avenue is the western border of Lake View
The Incorporation of Lake View
History of Lake View by Theodore Andreas 
When a number of citizens principally residents of Andersonville and vicinity assembled at the school house which had lately been completed to make arrangements for holding the township election of Lake View; they had unconsciously perhaps commenced to make history for future. IS Shippy was moderator of that meeting John Mauritzen clerk. It was resolved that a election be held April 7 1857 and that $175 be raised for expenses. 
[The principals] bought [a town[ship] record book] June 16 1857 by Robert Edson Supervisor of Lake View Township [for the] price $2.50 and dedicated to the Township Clerk of Lake View Township. The entire ticket [local government] elected in April 1857 was as follows: Robert Edson Supervisor, Conrad Sulzer Assessor, Nicholas Kranz Collector, John Mauritzen Township Clerk, Isaac C Shippey Justice of the Peace, Lewis A Brown Jacob Wolf and Francis Baer Commissioners of Highways, John Rees Constable, John Bugner Overseer of the Poor. The Commissioners of Highways held a meeting and divided the town into two districts No 1 comprising all the territory from the city limits north to Albert Street (Graceland Avenue)[Irving Park Road] and No 2 everything between Graceland Avenue and the northern line of the township [Devon Avenue]. The next year James H Rees was elected Supervisor and continued to hold that position until after the town[ship] was incorporated. The township of Lake View was organized under its charter in February 1865. The act was approved by Governor Oglesby on the 16th of that month. (That year a host of candidates campaigned for the offices mentioned above under their new charter.)" - Theodore Andreas 1884
While the township government was not incorporated until 1865, the organization of the township before that in 1857. I will use the organizational date as the beginning date for the township. The township tenure was from 1857 to 1887. In mid 1887 the charter of Lake View changed once again to a city type government with 7 wards once former township districts. Apparently, the majority of the wards were located south of Graceland (Irving Park Road) Avenue. 
Read my post on the City of Lake View 1887-9 with this link.
Growth Maps of the Chicagoland Area
Growth Map 1860
The Township of Lake View was established in 1857 indicated by the brown dot north of the then existing City of Chicago. The Township of Lake View would in time consisted of seven township districts (like city wards).
Growth Map 1880
This map highlights the City of Chicago before it double its size by the annexation of several surrounding townships that included the City of Lake View in 1889. In 1887 the township charted changed by election to a city form of government. Fullerton Avenue was the northern border that separated the City of Lake View from the City of Chicago by annexation. The larger brown dot north of the border represents the subdivisions of Pine Grove and Wright Grove in what would be regarded as community of Lake View East in the 20th century. The small brown dots probably represents the old communities of Ravenswood & Andersonville. The red blob indicates the area that was destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The fire would fail to spread north of Fullerton Avenue but not saving the residents of the township worry.
Lake View via Chicago Wards:
City Growth Map 1890
(one year after the annexation of the City of Lake View)
Most of the City of Lake View became the 25th & 26th wards of the City of Chicago after the annexation of 1889
Another view of the initial wards 
from University of Chicago Digital Collection
The Polling Stations in 1902
(pre 1909 addresses)
Points of Interest in the 
New District of Lake View in 1900
now the 25th & 26th wards of Chicago
The first alderman for the 25th ward that represented the newly annex community/district of eastern Lake View was a the former president of the Lake View Township's Board of Education,  Austin Sexton Oliver.
The first alderman for the 26th ward that represented the newly annex community/district of western Lake View was a successful real estate businessman named Bernard Weber
Each alderman served a two year term. 
& New Wards planned in 1907
Campaigning in 1908
Charles M. Thompson, candidate for alderman 
of the 25th ward on the campaign trail in 1908
(not related to Mayor Big Bill Thompson)
photos - Chicago Daily News Archives
City Growth Map 1910

The former City of Lake View is now represented
 by 24th, 25th, & 26 wards of Chicago
Lake View would now be represented 
by additional ward - the 24th along with the 25th & 26th
'Big Bill' William Hale Thompson enters the scene
the last Republican as Mayor
Mayor Big Bill Thompson in 1915 primaries
photo - Chicago Daily News 
A resident of the then 25th and then the 23rd wards was elected mayor for three terms. This photo is of him and his wife voting at their local polling station - an unknown location 
'Our William for Mayor' in German
below photo - Ebay
Press Photos:
His introduction as a politican
Mayor Thomposn promoted himself as the 'big builder'
'Big Bill' would regain his position as mayor that year
City Growth Map 1920
Ward Map 1920
The former City of Lake View is now represented
 by 23rd, 24th, 25th, & 26 wards of Chicago

The growth in Chicago and the north-side continued as the original wards of the District of Lake View separated into four wards - 26th, 25th, 24th, and the 23th. As a general rule as the city population grew so did the number of wards.
The 50 Ward Plan in 1920
also the number of alderman elected per ward 
was reduced from two to one. By 1935 the two tenured alderman would serve a four year terms

This 1920 article mentions the large population in the 25th ward in the District of Lake View 
(click on article to enlarge)
Mayor Thompson voting in the 23th ward in 1928
photo - Chicago Museum via Daily News Archives
Political Ads about Candidate Thompson
Pro and Con
This 1928 article below highlights the misrepresentation of population from one ward to another.
City Growth Map 1930
The annexation of territory continued with the add of the new areas such as Mt. Greenwood, Beverly, and Morgan Park
 on the southwest side by 1927. The Community of Edgewater seceded from Uptown in 1980. By 1980 there are 77 official communities in Chicago.
Wards Maps more Complicated by 1930
The Community of Lake View was represented by the 44th, 45th, 46th, & 47th wards of the City of Chicago but each ward borders would change due to each ten year census
 maps - Look at Cook
Need for Further Review of Ward Representation in 1930
A Call for a Four Year Term in 1931
By the late 1920's and the early 1930's representation 
would take another dimension - civic
City Growth Map 1940
Growth slows during the turbulent years 
of the Great Depression changing the fabric of all communities in Chicago for decades.
Ward Map 1940
no change in borders this year
Wards stay relatively the same as the 1930 ward map. While the number of wards relatively stay the same in Old Lake View the borders of the wards due flux mostly due to politics.
 Ward Maps by March 1947
Chicago Daily News
1950 Suffers from misrepresentation still!
City Growth Map 1960
A Ward Boss of this Era:
Alderman Charlie Weber
He owned a local newspaper, 
business(es) along with his ward committeeman boss status
A story about his power, service, and loss
His father was alderman Bernard F. Weber who served the 26th ward from 1889-1892; one of the first alderman who resided in the former City of Lake View. In 1889 the City of Lake View was annexed to Chicago
grandstanding at St. Alphonsus Catholic Church
"Charlie’s 'duchy' took in much of the old German neighborhood along Lincoln Avenue. His headquarters was a 'bierstube' next to St. Alphonsus Church. He had a mania for keeping the ward clean.  Besides the regular city crews, Charlie hired his own fleet of street sweepers. He also had a snow plow and a leaf-burner hauled around by a vintage Rolls Royce. But that was grown-up stuff. What impressed me most–and impressed every kid within fifty miles–was that Charlie owned a piece of the Riverview Amusement Park. Each summer there’d be a “Charlie Weber Kids Day” where we were given the run of the place. Charlie himself used to walk through the crowds and pass out silver dollars." - see link above for more of this story. 
The Character of the Man in 1948
 page 2
Owner of lot of Property in 1948
 ... and that park mentioned above ...
was not an official park
 just something he self-proclaimed 
a 1950's advertisement below
A Typical Day 1956
clean neighborhood is a happy one ... sorta
According to a publication called 'Hidden History of Ravenswood & Lake View' by newspaper columnist Patrick Butler, Charles Weber was a colorful person and self made
politician-ward boss of the then 45th ward (then part of Lake View). He owned real estate, insurance agencies, ice cream parlors, and one of the first local newspapers in the area called the Lake View Independent. He was the first alderman to support owner responsibility for picking up dog droppings on public property. He was alleged to have a secret beer distributorship at 1414 Roscoe Street during the Prohibition.
He owned a row of business on Oakdale & Southport next to St. Alphonsus Church - 1960 photos by Lance Grey below before the Bavarian facade was installed and then later a name change to Zum Deutschen Eck. 
an advertisement in a 1958 
Lake View High School yearbook
 He & Wife Found Dead in 1960
with a royal send-off
No Riches in the Mattress after Death
His 45th Ward
in 1930 & 1940 the 45th ward was located on the at the edge of western Lake View
the entire 45th ward and a zoomed view of the 
Lake View portion of the ward in 1930
 the entire 45th ward and a zoomed view of the 
Lake View portion of the ward in 1940
A Comparison: 1960 vs 2015
image - DNAinfo
These maps highlight how the north-side of the city changed very little but how the other areas of the city changed to suit the political needs of the time - some call it gerrymandering
A federal census dictates the size and location of a particular ward. Within two years of the last census a city ward map is drawn and then approved the alderman of the City Council.
The Most Recent Modern Era
Old Lake View is currently represented 
by 44th, 46th, 47th, & 32nd wards 2010's
Also, view the 2015 vs 2005 approved interactive ward map by the Chicago Tribune.
The History of the Current Wards 
Representing Lake View in 2015: 
Chicago's 44th Ward
The 44th ward represents most of the 
Community of Lake View 
except an edge of the northern and western portions 
*In the middle of the 20th century most of Lake View was represented by the 46th ward. At the close of the 20th century the 46th ward lost its dominance to the 44th ward.
(click image below to enlarge)
2002 Ward Map
2012 Ward Map
with a decrease of five precincts
Alderman of the ward from 1932 to present 2018
Tom Tunney
2002 - present day
Bernie Hansen
John Merlo
Bruce Young
Dick Simpson
William Singer
*also served the 43rd 
Thomas Rosenberg
Leo C. Bermeister, Jr.
John J. Grealis
Albert Loescher
Thomas O. Wallace
*also served the 23th 1915-1924
Some Historical Moments of the 44th
 The Issues in 1950
page 2
Parking Issues in 1955
page 2 
Resident Demands for the More Police Action in 1958
The State of Affairs in 1960
page 2 
A Zoning Issue in 1961
at Belmont & Barry
Republican Contenders in 1963
 page 2
An Independent vs The Machine in 1969
Dick Simpson:
 Maverick & Political Innovator in 1971 
Dick Simpson was regarded an independent alderman who believed all power belonged with the people 
and he was their voice & advocate
State of Affairs of Two Wards 
particular the 44th in 1986
(click image below to enlarge)
segment 2

 segment 3
segment 4
Bernie Hansen was elected alderman in 1983 - 2002. After a close race with a gay activist Alderman Hansen adopted a gay-friendly approach to local ward affairs and championed the Civil Rights ordinance in the city council. After is resignation in 2002 another openly gay candidate,Tom Tunney, was appointed by the then Mayor Daley II.
Chicago Politics by Ward by Ward 
 by David Freman published in 1988
Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election
The 2015 Alderman Race
The 2019 Alderman Race
video - ABC Eye Witness News
the candidates of the 44th
image - Chicago Reporter
The current 44th ward alderman, Tom Tunney has battled the owners of the Chicago Cubs/Wrigley Field ever since the renovation of the baseball park began four years ago in 2014. Apparently, the ballpark owners - 
the Ricketts Family wants his removal in 2019
held at the Center on Halsted theater
Tunney wins another term in 2019
'Alderman Tom Tunney has devoted his life to giving back to the Lake View community. His success as a small-business owner and commitment to public service has won him praise from business, civic and community-based organizations. Tom brings the same passion and love of service to elected office that he has applied to every customer who has walked through the doors of his Ann Sather Restaurants. He was elected in 2003 as Chicago's first openly gay alderman after he was appointed by the Mayor of Chicago in 2002.'
Chicago's 46th Ward 
Includes a northern & lakefront portion of Lake View
*In the middle of the 20th century most of Lake View was represented by the 46th ward. At the close of the 20th century the 46th ward lost its dominance to the 44th ward.
(click image below to enlarge)
with a loss of five precincts
the gagged border to the south that borders the 44th
a more zoomed look
(link on map to enlarge)
the most southern border is Stratford Place. 
The residents of that block both share the attention of the alderman of the 46th and the 44th. 
I lived on that block for 16 years and knew both.
By the way, both alderman are openly gay.
Alderman of ward from 1932 to present 2018
Oscar F. Nelson was alderman from 1922-1936
James F Young
Joseph R. Kerwin
Joseph B. Cohen
Ralph Axelrod
Jerome M. Orbach
Helen Shiller
James Cappleman
2011- current as of 2019
A Polling Place Announcement 
Some Historical Moments of the 46th
A Ward Election in 1946 

 page 2
 Fifty Years as a Committeemen as of 1960
(click on above image to enlarge)
Alderman Young quits in 1962
He was alderman since 1936
A Youth Crew in 1965
A Campaign against 4+1 Housing in 1969
City Council discuss 4+1 Housing in 1969 
 Christopher Cohen, your next alderman in 1970
 Public Housing Approved in 1972
(click image below to enlarge)
Avant-Garde Candidates Set the Stage in 1975  
(click on above image to enlarge)
Ralph Axelrod Wins in 1978
War on Poverty in 1987
1987 photo - outlet historical images
Helen Shiller would serve six terms from 1987 to 2011
 Quigley vs Alderman Schiller in 1990
James Cappleman beat Alderman Shiller in 2011
He ran against Alderman Shiller 4 years earlier & lost
Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election
one note - Graceland West is part of the 44th not 46th ward
The 2019 Race: the candidates
image below - Chicago Reporter
Cappleman wins another term in 2019
'A former teacher, social worker, and health care non-profit leader, Alderman Cappleman has spent his career fighting for social justice. In 1987, he co-founded Chicago’s first homeless shelter dedicated to providing care for people living with HIV/AIDS. Formerly a licensed clinical social worker, he served three years as chair of the Illinois’ National Association of Social Workers’ HIV Task Force.' - Facebook
Chicago's 47th Ward
Includes the communities of West Graceland 
(click on above image to enlarge)
the northern part of the ward 
and below the southern part of the ward
Lake View borders this ward from Clark Street west to Ravenswood Avenue East, Montrose to Irving Park Road
Alderman since 1932
Some Moments of the 47th Ward
Citizens Organize in 1947
Neighborhood Changes in 1950

 page 2
Candidates & Hoellen's Political Dynasty in 1955
Hoellen is the Last of the Republicans in 1974
The Machine Strategy According the Hoellen in 1975
A Young'en in the Council as of 1990

 page 2
Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election
The 2019 Race: the candidates
This year the incumbent is not on the ballot
image below - Chicago Reporter
A New Alderman in 2019
Matt Martin
'Matt is a lifelong progressive and civil rights attorney at the Illinois Attorney General's Office, where he focuses on issues including police reform, workers' rights, healthcare,            LGBTQ rights, reproductive rights, and immigration. Through his work, he helped draft the consent decree to hold the city accountable in reforming our police department, and has been on the front lines fighting back against President Trump’s immigration policies.' - according to his website
Chicago's 32nd Ward
Includes a respectful chunk of southwestern Lake View
(click image below to enlarge)
  2002 ward map for the 2005 ward election
 2012 ward map 
with loss of nine precincts
basically it's a box from Racine to Ravenswood East Avenue and then Belmont to Diversey Parkway
Some Historical Moments for the 32nd
(click on above image to enlarge)

Below are the ward candidates for the 2015 ward election

'He is also a founding member of the Chicago City Council's Progressive Reform Coalition, and has served as chair of the Progressive Reform Caucus since 2015. Waguespack is also a member of Local Progress, a network of hundreds of local elected officials from around the country committed to a strong economy, equal justice, livable cities, and effective government. Waguespack is also the current Democratic Committeeman for the 32nd ward.' - per Wikipedia
Scott Waguespack did not have a challenger in the 2019 race
A Sea Change in 2019
video - WTTW
‘With a new mayor coming in, the entire power dynamic that the city has become accustomed to for nearly 30 years could come to an end. With Mayors Daley and Emanuel, the votes were rarely, if ever, contested. The mayors largely set policy & were able to corral a majority of City Council members behind them, with opposition blocs that were not nearly large enough to derail most efforts. But with a new mayor & potentially new City Council, the dynamic could revert back to the days of the Council Wars and see separate coalitions fight to be heard.’ Since the airing of this video Alderman Burke was under investigation from the FBI and resign from his powerful committee chairs. A possible new era has emerged with multiply aldermanic challenges along with an open spot for a new mayor.
Post Notes:
The Alderman of Lake View
in Review
(to be researched for confirmation)
Since the 1923 according to Wikipedia these 
alderman have served the wards that served  
the Community of Lake View

Read more about the Chicago politics from a choose 

Ward Boundries Controlled by a Few Alderman

'In 2021 a coalition of civic groups is launching an independent citizens commission in an uphill effort to produce a new ward map “for Chicagoans created by Chicagoans” instead of a few powerful aldermen. Under the coalition’s vision, a volunteer committee of “independent community members” will select 13 Chicago residents to sit on the commission to create a map of the city’s 50 wards. Organizers hope the citizen-backed map will get enough City Council support to set up a referendum vote in spring 2022 to allow Chicago voters to choose between the map and another version expected to be created by aldermen and Mayor Lori Lightfoot.'
- Block Club Chicago

Important Note:
These posts are exclusively used for educational purposes. I do not wish to gain monetary profit from this blog nor should anyone else without permission for the original source - thanks!

No comments: